Advanced Drilling Simulation Environment for Testing New Drilling Automation Techniques and Practices
- Eric Cayeux (IRIS) | Benoit Daireaux (IRIS) | Erik Dvergsnes (IRIS) | Amare Leulseged (IRIS) | Bjørn Bruun (Statoil) | Mike Herbert (ConocoPhillips)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Drilling & Completion
- Publication Date
- December 2012
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 559 - 573
- 2012. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 4.1.1 Process Simulation, 6.1.5 Human Resources, Competence and Training, 1.6 Drilling Operations, 1.13 Drilling Automation, 1.11 Drilling Fluids and Materials
- 2 in the last 30 days
- 753 since 2007
- Show more detail
- View rights & permissions
|SPE Member Price:||USD 10.00|
|SPE Non-Member Price:||USD 30.00|
Newly developed drilling automation systems locate a computer interface between commands issued by the driller and instructions transmitted to the drilling machinery. Such functions are capable of faster and more precise control than can be achieved by an unaided operator and thus can help drilling within narrow margins. To ensure that these systems work properly in all circumstances, an advanced drilling simulator has been developed to enable testing under a wide range of simulated conditions. The environment described in this paper uses hardware in the loop (HIL) simulation to verify that the automation techniques being tested respond correctly in real time. Rigorously validated physical models of the drilling process simulate the response of the well to the commands given to the drilling machines. Abnormal drilling conditions (e.g., packoffs, kicks) and equipment or machine-related problems (e.g., plugged nozzles, power shortage) are convincingly recreated. The drilling simulator models the behavior of surface equipment such as the activation of gate valves to line up different pits or the flow in the mud return. It simulates changes in the drilling fluid properties when mixing additives to the mud. It is therefore possible to focus training sessions on cooperation between different groups at the wellsite. This is particularly useful when planning the introduction of drilling automation that involves new work procedures as a result of automation and adaptation of the drilling team to a new operational environment. Drilling operations are becoming more and more complex. Automation has the potential to provide large improvements in efficiency and safety, but automation technologies must be implemented correctly at the workplace. Just as the aviation industry has used simulated environments for decades, drilling simulation environments are the key to the safe and successful implementation of drilling automation and the development of crew skills to face future challenges.
|File Size||2 MB||Number of Pages||15|
Bjørkevold, K.S., Hovland, S., Aas, I.B. et al. 2010. Successful Use of RealTime Dynamic Flow Modelling to Control a Very Challenging Managed PressureDrilling Operation in the North Sea. Paper SPE 130311 presented at the SPE/IADCManaged Pressure Drilling and Underbalanced Operations Conference andExhibition, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 24-25 February. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/130311-MS.
Cayeux, E. 2012. Safe Mud Pump Management While Conditioning Mud. IEEE paperpresented at the IFAC Workshop--Automatic Control in Offshore Oil and GasProduction, Trondheim, Norway, 31 May, 1 June. http://dx.doi.org/10.3182/20120531-2-NO-4020.00018.
Cayeux, E., Daireaux, B., and Dvergsnes, E.W. 2011a. Automation of Mud-PumpManagement Application to Drilling Operations in the North Sea. SPE Drill& Compl 26 (1): http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/128285-PA.
Cayeux, E., Daireaux, B., and Dvergsnes, E.W. 2011b. Automation of Drawworksand Topdrive Management to Minimize Swab/Surge and Poor-Downhole-ConditionEffects. SPE Drill & Compl 26 (4): 557-568. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/128286-PA.
Cormack, D. 2006. State-of-the-Art Training for State-of-the-ArtRigs-Options in Training for Cyber Rigs in New Locations. Paper SPE 98944presented at the IADC/SPE Drilling Conference, Miami, Florida, 21-23 February.http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/98944-MS.
Corre, B., Eymard, R., and Guenot, A. 1984. Numerical Computation ofTemperature Distribution in Wellbore While Drilling. Paper SPE 13208 presentedat the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Houston, Texas, 16-19September. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/13208-MS.
Croucher, T.M. 1999. Integrated Team Approach to the Design, Construction,Start Up, and Operation of the World's Most Modern Drilling Rig. SPE Drill& Compl 14 (3): 201-207. SPE 57728-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/57728-PA.
Fossli, B. and Hendriks, S. 2008. New Generation Drillship and DrillingSystem Enables More-Efficient Deepwater Operations. Paper SPE 112388 presentedat the IADC/SPE Drilling Conference, Orlando, Florida, 4-6 March. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/112388-MS.
Godhavn, J.M. 2010. Control Requirements for Automatic Managed PressureDrilling System SPE Drill & Compl 25 (3): 336-345. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/119442-PA.
Hinton, A. 2009. A New Chapter in MPD: Subsea Pumping. Paper SPE 122201presented at the IADC/SPE Managed Pressure Drilling and UnderbalancedOperations Conference & Exhibition, San Antonio, Texas, 12-13 February. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/122201-MS.
Hodgson, R., Porteus, S., and Hassard, P. 2006. Reducing the Learning CurveThrough Use of an Advanced Drilling Simulator. Paper SPE 98107 presented at theIADC/SPE Drilling Conference, Miami, Florida, 21-23 February. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/98107-MS.
Iversen, F.P., Cayeux, E., Dvergsnes, E.W. et al. 2006. 2006. Monitoring andControl of Drilling Utilizing Continuously Updated Process Models. Paper SPE99207 presented at the IADC/SPE Drilling Conference, Miami, Florida, 21-23February. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/99207-MS.
Iversen, F., Cayeux, E., Dvergsnes, E.W. et al. 2009. Offshore Field Test ofa New System for Model Integrated Closed-Loop Drilling Control. SPE Drill& Compl 24 (4): 518-530. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/112744-PA.
Iversen, F., Gressgard, L.J., Thorogood J. et al. 2012. Drilling Automation:Potential for Human Error. Paper SPE 151474 presented at the IADC/SPE DrillingConference and Exhibition, San Diego, California, 6-8 March. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/151474-MS.
Larsen, H.F., Alfsen, T.E., Kvalsund, R. et al. 2010. The Automated DrillingPilot on Statfjord C. Paper SPE 128234 presented at the IADC/SPEDrilling Conference and Exhibition, New Orleans, Louisiana,2-4 February. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/128234-MS.
McGill J. 1991. Integrated Driller's Cabin. Paper SPE 21924 presented at theSPE/IADC Drilling Conference, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 11-14 March. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/21924-MS.
Porteous, S., van Elst, H., Leil, D. et al. 1999. Start-up of a NewGeneration Mechanised Drilling Package for Platform Drilling Operations: TheBrent Charlie--a Step Change in Performance. Paper SPE 52767 presented at theSPE/IADC Drilling Conference, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 9-11 March. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/52767-MS.
Stave, R., Farestveit, R., Høyland, S. et al. 2005. Demonstration andQualification of A Riserless Dual Gradient System. Paper OTC 17665 presented atthe Offshore Technology Conference, Houston, Texas, 2-5 May. http://dx.doi.org/10.4043/17665-MS.
Thorogood, J.L. 2012. Automation in Drilling: Future Evolution and Lessonsfrom Aviation. Paper SPE 151257 presented at the IADC/SPE DrillingConference and Exhibition, San Diego, California, 6-8 March. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/151257-MS.
Tonnesen, H., Berg, B., Stromsnes, Ø. et al. 1995. Integrated DrillingSystem. Paper SPE 30184 presented at the Petroleum Computer Conference,Houston, Texas, 11-14 June. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/30184-MS.