A Comprehensive Theoretical and Experimental Study on Fluid Displacement for Oilwell-Cementing Operations
- Pedro Esteves Aranha (Petrobras) | Cristiane Miranda (Petrobras) | Walter Cardoso (Petrobras) | Gilson Campos (Petrobras) | Andre Martins (Petrobras) | Frederico Carvalho Gomes (Pontificia Universidade Catolica do Rio de Janeiro) | Simone Bochner de Araujo (Pontificia Universidade Catolica do Rio de Janeiro) | Marcio Carvalho (Pontificia Universidade Catolica do Rio de Janeiro)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Drilling & Completion
- Publication Date
- December 2012
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 596 - 603
- 2012. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 1.14 Casing and Cementing
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- 684 since 2007
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Displacing fluids in downhole conditions and for long distances is a complex task, affecting several steps of well construction. Cementing gains relevance the moment that fluid contamination compromises cement-sheath integrity and consequently zonal isolation. Density and rheology design for all the fluids involved is essential to achieve operational success. Properties hierarchy and preferred flow regimes have been empirically defined and tend to provide reasonable generic results. Challenging operations, including ultradeep waters and their narrow operational-window scenario, require further knowledge of the physics involved to prevent undesirable events. This paper presents the in-house development of software for annular miscible fluid displacement that analyzes fluid displacement in typical vertical and directional offshore wells, for Newtonian and non-Newtonian liquids and laminar- and turbulent-flow regimes. The formulation proposed provides accurate results for a wide range of input parameters, including the cases in which the ratio of the inner radious to the outer radius of the annulus is small. The computational work is validated by unique results obtained from an experimental test rig where detailed displacement tests were conducted. Contamination degrees were measured after the displacement of a sequence of fluids through 1192 m of vertical well. Effect of fluid-density and rheology hierarchy, flow regimes, and displacement concepts was investigated. The results provide relevant information for the industry and fundamental understanding on displacement of Newtonian and non-Newtonian liquids through annular sections.
|File Size||891 KB||Number of Pages||8|
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