New Fracture-Stimulation Designs and Completion Techniques Result in Better Performance of Shallow Chittim Ranch Wells
- Vibhas Jagdish Pandey (ConocoPhillips Company) | Aquiles Jose Agreda (ConocoPhillips Company)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Production & Operations
- Publication Date
- November 2014
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 288 - 309
- 2014.Society of Petroleum Engineers
- pancake fractures, fracturing in shallow Chittim field, horizontal fractures, shallow well fracturing, low rate fracturing
- 2 in the last 30 days
- 352 since 2007
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The Sacatosa field in west Texas was discovered in 1956. Since then, more than 1,500 wells have been drilled and completed in the main reservoir section known as the San Miguel 1. The San Miguel 1 is primarily low-permeability sandstone, with several shale layers dispersed throughout. Economic development of the field requires effective well stimulation and an active waterflood program to provide pressure maintenance. Unfortunately, the available injection water is of poor quality and can rapidly plug up pore throats with solids, resulting in significant near-wellbore formation damage. When these factors are considered, hydraulic fracturing of both injector and producer wells is a viable option for improved long-term well performance. However, because of relatively shallow depths, traditional hydraulic-fracturing practices can lead to a multiplane fracture system with a mix of horizontal and vertical components. A significant presence of horizontal fractures can be detrimental to fractured-well performance because of the low conductivities of the fractures. In producer wells, this could impair production if the reservoir is laminated and has low vertical permeability. In injectors, water-front movement and sweep efficiency would be diminished greatly. This paper discusses the steps taken to plan and develop a strategy to place vertical fractures in shallow San Miguel 1 sands. These findings can easily be extended to similar shallow-depth reservoirs worldwide. Some major modifications in completion design included changes in perforation strategy, redesign of the pump schedule, and implementation of a staged stimulation. Fracturing treatments were pumped on a total of 26 injectors and eight producers through a variety of methods, including coiled-tubing fracturing. Post-fracture analysis suggests a strong vertical-fracture component, and analysis of injectivity tests shows fracture parameters in line with design objectives. All the producers that were fracture stimulated with this technique reported higher initial production when compared with wells stimulated through the use of legacy treatment schedules.
|File Size||3 MB||Number of Pages||21|
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