History of a Milham Sand Water Flood Following Accidental Stimulation
- Frank T. Jones (Cities Service Oil Co.)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- Journal of Petroleum Technology
- Publication Date
- June 1960
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 33 - 35
- 1960. Original copyright American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical, and Petroleum Engineers, Inc. Copyright has expired.
- 2 Well Completion, 4.2.3 Materials and Corrosion, 2.4.3 Sand/Solids Control, 5.4.1 Waterflooding, 2.2.2 Perforating, 3 Production and Well Operations, 4.1.2 Separation and Treating
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A brief history of the Waggoner "ABC" Milham sand waterflood project, in Wilbarger County, Tex., is presented. This water flood, operated by Cities Service Oil Co., has been successful in spite of irregular well spacing and injection patterns. Injection of slightly less than 19.5 million bbl of water over the past 11 years has resulted in the recovery of 2.77 million bbl of secondary oil. Efforts to maintain economical rates of production and injection on an individual well basis have resulted in sizeable frac treatments on both producing and injection wells. Results of these jobs are tabulated, and it is concluded that this method of well stimulation has extended the profitable life of individual wells.
The Waggoner ABC water flood is located 13 miles southeast of Vernon, Tex. The name "Waggoner ABC", for the purpose of this report, applies to all leases supplied with injection water from the Waggoner ABC water station. Therefore, this term includes several offset leases acquired by the operator as the water flood expanded as shown in Fig. 1. Interest has been expressed in the performance of the Waggoner ABC water flood for several reasons. 1. It is the oldest flood in Wilbarger County; consequently, a longer history is available for study and comparison. 2. A high secondary recovery has been achieved. 3. It has an irregular development pattern. 4. Relatively large frac treatments of both injection and producing wells have been made.
The Milham sand of Pennsylvanian age is found at approximately 2,350 ft along a trend deposited on the south flank of the Red River uplift. The trend has the general appearance of an offshore bar, but it is believed to have been deposited further at sea as a result of current action on a shelf. Table 1 summarizes the reservoir information.
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