Simple Engineering Applications Recycled as Effective Training Aids
- Steven J. Sawaryn (BP Exploration)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Drilling & Completion
- Publication Date
- June 2012
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 184 - 193
- 2012. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 1.10.1 Drill string components and drilling tools (tubulars, jars, subs, stabilisers, reamers, etc), 4.1.2 Separation and Treating, 1.6.1 Drilling Operation Management, 6.1.5 Human Resources, Competence and Training
- 1 in the last 30 days
- 570 since 2007
- Show more detail
- View rights & permissions
|SPE Member Price:||USD 10.00|
|SPE Non-Member Price:||USD 30.00|
Technical advances have led to both expansion and increased specialization in the engineering skills employed in our industry. In many cases, these specializations involve the use of complex engineering calculations involving a bewildering number of inputs and outputs to match real-world situations. Another problem with high-end applications is that they are costly and their logic is often presented as a "black box"--disclosure may be hampered by intellectual-property concerns. Although such high-fidelity applications may be essential for operations, simpler models with few inputs are better for scoping exercises or training.
The rapid and effective transfer of knowledge and experience to new hires with diverse backgrounds remains a key challenge. Though information technology and richer media have helped standardize delivery methods, accessing appropriate engineering applications for training purposes remains a challenge.
The important requirements are to communicate the fundamentals and build on knowledge gained at university. At the same time, the teaching methods and modules should instill curiosity and encourage critical assessment of the models and methods used. Therefore, the models should not be too far from reality.
Technical progress and refinement of a broad range of topics are inherent in the content and structure of the SPE paper library. The application to training is illustrated using examples including the simple 2D bottomhole-assembly (BHA) algorithm presented by Walker (1973). This paper shows how key refinements have been included by use of simple geometrical constructs and how the model has been used effectively in spreadsheet form to develop an understanding of BHA behavior and directional-survey-sag correction, and to identify and correct programmatic errors.
It is suggested that greater use can be made of the SPE library as a ready source of cost-effective training material and that the descriptions of the simpler engineering applications it contains can be recycled as valuable training aids.
|File Size||667 KB||Number of Pages||10|
Banks, S.M., Hogg, T.W., and Thorogood, J.L. 1992. IncreasingExtended-Reach Capabilities Through Wellbore Profile Optimisation. Paper SPE23850 presented at the SPE/IADC Drilling Conference, New Orleans, 18-21February. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/23850-MS.
Bennetzen, B., Fuller, J., Isevcan, E., et al. 2010. Extended-Reach Wells.Oilfield Review 22 (3): 4-15.
Dangerfield, J.W. 1987. Analysis Improves Accuracy of Weight IndicatorReading. Oil Gas J. 85 (August 1987): 70-74.
Deo, B.J.S. 1984. An Analysis of the Angles of Rotation and Azimuth UsingM.W.D. Paper SPE 12953 available from SPE, Richardson, Texas.
Langhaar, H.L. 1962. Energy Methods in Applied Mechanics. New York:John Wiley & Sons.
Mason, C.J. and Chen, D.C.-K. 2007. Step Changes Needed To Modernize T&DSoftware. Paper SPE 104609 presented at the SPE/IADC Drilling Conference,Amsterdam, 20-22 February. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/104609-MS.
Millheim, K. 1977. The Effect of Hole Curvature on the Trajectory of aBorehole. Paper SPE 6779 presented at the SPE Annual Fall Technical Conferenceand Exhibition, Denver, 9-12 October. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/6779-MS.
Millheim, K. 1978a. Directional Drilling 1—Operators Have Much to LearnAbout Directional Drilling. Oil Gas J. 76 (6 November1978): 61-64.
Millheim, K. 1978b. Directional Drilling 2—Proper Application of DirectionalTools Key to Success. Oil Gas J. 76 (20 November 1978):156-165.
Millheim, K. 1978c. Directional Drilling 3—Here are Basics of Bottom-HoleAssembly Mechanics. Oil Gas J. 76 (4 December 1978):98-106.
Millheim, K. 1978d. Directional Drilling 4—Single Stabiliser BehaviourDescribed. Oil Gas J. 76 (18 December 1978): 52-61.
Millheim, K. 1979a. Directional Drilling 5—Behaviour of Multiple-StabiliserBottom Hole Assemblies. Oil Gas J. 77 (1 January 1979):59-64.
Millheim, K. 1979b. Directional Drilling 6—Controlling Hole Direction inVery Soft Formations. Oil Gas J. 77 (15 January 1979):106-108.
Millheim, K. 1979c. Directional Drilling 7—Control Techniques forMedium-Soft and Medium Formations. Oil Gas J. 77 (29January 1979): 178-186.
Millheim, K. 1979d. Directional Drilling 8—Hard Formation DirectionalDrilling Calls for Special Care. Oil Gas J. 77 (12 February1979): 136-138.
Mitchell, R.F. and Samuels, R. 2009. How Good is the Torque-Drag Model?SPE Drill & Compl 24 (1): 62-71. SPE-105068-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/105068-PA.
Murphey, C.E. and Cheatham, J.B. Jr. 1966. Hole Deviation and Drill StringBehavior. SPE J. 6 (1): 44-54. SPE-1259-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/1259-PA.
Parkinson, W.D. 1983. Introduction to Geomagnetism, 6. Edinburgh, UK:Scottish Academic Press.
Rafie, S., Ho, H.S., and Chandra, U. 1986. Applications of a BHAAnalysis Program in Directional Drilling. Paper SPE 14765 presented at theSPE/IADC Drilling Conference, Dallas, 9-12 February. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/14765-MS.
Rezmer-Cooper, I., Chau, M., Hendricks, A., Woodfine, M., Stacey, B.,and Downton, N. 1999. Field Data Supports the Use of Stiffness andTortuosity in Solving Complex Well Design Problems. Paper SPE 52819 presentedat the SPE/IADC Drilling Conference, Amsterdam, 9-11 March. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/52819-MS.
Sawaryn, S.J., Sanstrom, W.C., and McColpin, G.R. 2006. The Managementof Drilling-Engineering and Well-Services Software as Safety-Critical Systems.SPE Drill & Compl 21 (2): 141-147. SPE-73893-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/73893-PA.
Sawaryn, S.J., Farley, K., Gay, S., and Banks, M. 2007. Well, It'sGood To Be an Engineer! Paper SPE 108477 presented at the Offshore Europe,Aberdeen, 4-7 September. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/108477-MS.
Sheppard, M.C., Wick, C., and Burgess, T.M. 1987. Designing Well Pathsto Reduce Drag and Torque. SPE Drill Eng 2 (4): 344-350.SPE-15463-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/15463-PA.
Stephenson, G. 1973. Mathematical Methods for Science Students,second edition, Chap. 9, 173-174. Essex, UK: Pearson Education Limited.
Thorogood, J.L. and Knott, D.R. 1990. Surveying Techniques With aSolid-State Magnetic Multishot Device. SPE Drill Eng 5 (3):209-214. SPE-19030-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/19030-PA.
Tolstov, G.P. 1976. Fourier Series, trans. R.A. Silverman (Russian),77-78. Mineola, New York: Dover Books on Mathematics, Dover Publications.
Walker, B.H. 1973. Some Technical and Economic Aspects of StabilizerPlacement. J Pet Technol 25 (6): 663-672. SPE-4263-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/4263-PA.