- Boolean operators
- This OR that
This AND that
This NOT that
- Must include "This" and "That"
- This That
- Must not include "That"
- This -That
- "This" is optional
- This +That
- Exact phrase "This That"
- "This That"
- (this AND that) OR (that AND other)
- Specifying fields
- publisher:"Publisher Name"
author:(Smith OR Jones)
Effect of Dynamic Loading on Wellbore Leakage for the Wabamun Area CO2-Sequestration Project
- Runar Nygaard (Missouri University of Science and Technology) | Saeed Salehi (University of Louisiana at Lafayette) | Benjamin Weideman (Missouri University of Science and Technology) | Robert Guy Lavoie (RPS Energy Canada)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- Journal of Canadian Petroleum Technology
- Publication Date
- January 2014
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 69 - 82
- 2014.Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 1.14 Casing and Cementing, 1.14.3 Cement Formulation (Chemistry, Properties), 3 Production and Well Operations, 5.10.1 CO2 Capture and Sequestration, 4.3.4 Scale
- wellbore integrity, CO2 sequestration, cement
- 6 in the last 30 days
- 340 since 2007
- Show more detail
The most viable options for permanent removal of carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere include large-scale injection of CO2 from stationary sources, such as coal-fired power plants and heavy-oil production, into brine-filled formations. One of the main risks identified with storing CO2 in the subsurface is the potential for leakage through existing wells penetrating the caprock. The wellbore system has several components that can fail and create leakage pathways, including type and placement of wellbore casing and cements, completion method, abandonment, and wellbore expansion or contraction by changes in temperature and pressure. Of the 1,000 wells in the study area near Wabamun Lake, Alberta, 95 wells penetrated the immediate caprock above the proposed Nisku injection formation and were identified as potential leakage pathways. The leakage risk of these wells was evaluated on the basis of knowledge of the well design, current well status, and historical regulations in the area. Only four wells, for the subset of 27 wells studied, were identified as requiring workover, which was less of a problem than anticipated. To evaluate the risk of creating leakage pathways by thermal and pressure changes caused by CO2 injection, a 3D finite-element model was built by use of poroelastoplastic material models for cement and formation. Multistage simulations for casing/cement and cement/ formation interactions with temperature-enabled elements were conducted. A parametric study of cement properties was conducted to investigate cement design and its mechanical properties for injection wells. The simulation results indicated that thermal cooling might reduce near-wellbore stresses, which would increase the risk of integrity loss in casing/cement and cement/formation. The parametric study revealed that the risk of debonding and tensile failure would increase with increasing Young’s modulus and Poisson’s ratio of the cement under dynamic-loading conditions. In addition, low mechanical cement strength would increase the risk of shear failure in the cement.
Bachu, S. and Bennion, D.B. 2008. Experimental assessment of brine and/or CO2 leakage through well cements at reservoir conditions. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 3 (4): 494–501. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijggc.2008.11.002.
Bois, A.-P., Garnier, A., Rodot, F. et al. 2011. How to Prevent Loss of Zonal Isolation Through a Comprehensive Analysis of Microannulus Formation. SPE Drill & Compl 26 (1): 13–31. SPE-124719-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/124719-PA.
International Conference on CO2 Capture, Storage, and Utilization, New Orleans, 10-12 November 2010.
Carlsen, M. and Abdollahi, J. 2007. Permanent Abandonment of CO2 Storage Wells. Technical Report 54523200, SINTEF, Trondheim, Norway.
Carey, J.W., Wigand, M., Chipera, S.J. et al. 2007. Analysis and performance of oil well cement with 30 years of CO2 exposure from the SACROC Unit, West Texas, USA. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 1 (1): 75–85. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1750-5836(06)00004-1.
Canitron. 2008. Alloy Squeeze Technology, A New Method for Casing Repair and Vent Gas Flow Shut Off. Industry presentation, Calgary, Alberta, Canada (17 March 2008).
Celia, M.A., Bachu, S., Nordbotten, J.M., Gasda, S., and Dahle, H.K. 2005. Quantitative estimation of CO2 leakage from geological storage: Analytical models, numerical models, and data needs. In Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies, 5 September 2004, Vancouver, Canada, eds. E.S. Rubin, D.W. Keith, C.F. Gilboy, M. Wilson, T. Morris, J. Gale and K. Thambimuthu, Vol. 1, 663–671. Oxford, UK: Elsevier Science.
Celia, M.A. and Nordbotten, J.M. 2010. How simple can we make models for CO2 injection, migration, and leakage? Energy Procedia 4: 3857–3864. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2011.02.322.
Crow, W. 2006. Studies on wellbore integrity. Presented at the 2nd Wellbore Integrity Network Meeting, Princeton, New Jersey, USA, 28–29 March.
Crow, W., Carey, J.W., Gasda, S., Williams, D.B., and Celia, M.A. 2010. Wellbore integrity analysis of a natural CO2 producer. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 4 (2): 186–197. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijggc.2009.10.010.
Duguid, A., Butsch, R.J., Loizzo, M., and Stamp, V. 2011. Collection of baseline wellbore cement data in multiple wells in the same field. Energy Procedia 4: 5130–5137. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2011.02.489.
ERCB. 2007. Directive 20: Well abandonment guide. Technical Directive, Energy Resources Conservation Board, Calgary, Alberta (December 2007).
ERCB. 2009. Directive 027: Shallow Fracturing Operations—Restricted Operations. Technical directive, Energy Resources Conservation Board, Calgary, Alberta (14 August 2009).
Fleckenstein, W.W., Eustes, A.W., and Miller, M.G. 2000. Burst Induced Stresses in Cemented Wellbores. Presented at the SPE/AAPG Western Regional Meeting, Long Beach, California, 19–22 June. SPE-62596-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/62596-MS.
Ferla, A., Lavrov, A., and Fjaer, E. 2009. Finite-element analysis of thermal-induced stresses around a cased injection well. J. Phys: Conf. Ser. 181 (1): 012051. http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/181/1/012051.
Gasda, S.E., Nordbotten, J.M., and Celia, M.A. 2009. Vertical equilibrium with sub-scale analytical methods for geological CO2 sequestration. Comput Geosci 13 (4): 469–481. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10596-009-9138-x.
Ghaderi, S. and Leonenko, Y. 2009. Reservoir Modelling: Wabamun Area CO2 Sequestration Project (WASP). Energy and Environmental Systems Group, University of Calgary, http://www.ucalgary.ca/wasp/Reservoir%20Simulations.pdf.
Gray, K., Podnos, E., and Becker, E. 2009. Finite-Element Studies of Near-Wellbore Region During Cementing Operations: Part I. SPE Drill & Compl 24 (1): 127–136. SPE-106998-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/106998-PA.
Goodarzi, S. and Settari, A. 2009. Geomechanical Modelling and Analysis: Wabamun Area CO2 Sequestration Project (WASP). Energy and Environmental Systems Group, University of Calgary, http://pec.ucalgary.ca/wasp/Geomechanical%20Numerical%20Modeling.pdf.
Jo, H. and Gray, K.E. 2010. Mechanical Behavior of Concentric Casing, Cement, and Formation Using Analytical and Numerical Methods. Presented at the 44th US Rock Mechanics Symposium and 5th US/Canada Rock Mechanics Symposium, Salt Lake City, Utah, 27–30 June. Paper 10-142.
Lavoie, R. and Keith, D. 2010. Executive Summary: Wabamun Area CO2 Sequestration Project (WASP). Energy and Environmental Systems Group, University of Calgary, http://www.ucalgary.ca/wasp/Executive%20Summary.pdf.
Kutchko, B.G., Strazisar, B.R., Dzombak, D.A., Lowry, G.V., and Thaulow, N. 2007. Degradation of Well Cement by CO2 under Geologic Sequestration Conditions. Environ. Sci. Technol. 41 (13): 4787–4792. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/es062828c.
Kutchko, B.G., Strazisar, B.R., Lowry, G.V., Dzombak, D.A., and Thaulow, N. 2008. Rate of CO2 Attack on Hydrated Class H Well Cement under Geologic Sequestration Conditions. Environ. Sci. Technol. 42 (16): 6237–6242. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/es800049r.
Michael, K., Bachu, S., Buschkuehle, B.E. et al. 2006. Comprehensive Characterization of a Potential Site for CO2 Geological Storage in Central Alberta, Canada. In Proceedings, CO2SC Symposium, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California, 20–22 March 2006, 134–138. http://www.ags.gov.ab.ca/publications/pdf_downloads/CO2SC_abstract.pdf.
Milestone, N. and Aldridge L. 1990. Corrosion of Cement Grouts in Aggressive Geothermal Fluids. Geothermal Resources Council Transactions 14: 423–429.
Moritis, G. 2008. SWP advances CO2 sequestration, ECBM, EOR demos. Oil & Gas Journal 106 (37): 60–63.
Mulders, F. 2006. Studies on Wellbore Integrity. Presented at the 2nd Wellbore Integrity Network Meeting, Princeton, New Jersey, USA, 28–29 March.
Nelson, E.B. and Guillot, D. 2006. Well Cementing, 773. Sugar Land, Texas: Schlumberger.
NETL. 2009. Innovative and Advanced Technologies and Protocols for Monitoring/Verification/Accounting (Mva), Simulation, and Risk Assessment of Carbon Dioxide (Co2) Sequestration in Geologic Formations. Project solicitation, DOE Grant No. DE-FOA0000023-01, Office of Fossil Energy, US DOE-NETL, Washington, DC (March 2009).
Nogues, J.P., Court, B., Dobossy, M., Nordbotten, J.M., and Celia, M.A. 2012. A methodology to estimate maximum probable leakage along old wells in a geological sequestration operation. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 7: 39–47. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijggc.2011.12.003.
Nordbotten, J.M. and Celia, M.A. 2006. An improved analytical solution for interface upconing around a well. Water Resour. Res. 42 (8): W08433. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2005WR004738.
Nordbotten, J.M., Kavetski, D., Celia, M.A., and Bachu, S. 2009. Model for CO2 Leakage Including Multiple Geological Layers and Multiple Leaky Wells. Environ. Sci. Technol. 43 (3): 743–749. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/es801135v.
Nygaard, R. 2010a. Geomechanical Analysis: Wabamun Area CO2 Sequestration Project (WASP). Energy and Environmental Systems Group, University of Calgary, http://www.ucalgary.ca/wasp/Geomechanical%20Analysis.pdf.
Nygaard, R. 2010b. Well Design and Well Integrity: Wabamun Area CO2 Sequestration Project (WASP). Energy and Environmental Systems Group, University of Calgary, http://www.ucalgary.ca/wasp/Well%20Integrity%20Analysis.pdf.
Nygaard, R. and Lavoie, R. 2010. Well Integrity and Workover Candidates for Existing Wells in the Wabamun Area CO2 Sequestration Project (WASP). Presented at the Canadian Unconventional Resources and International Petroleum Conference, Calgary, Alberta, 19–21 October. SPE-137007-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/137007-MS.
Randhol, P. and Carlsen, I.M. 2008. Assessment of Sustained Well Integrity on the Norwegian Continental Shelf. Presented at the 4th meeting of the IEA-GHG Wellbore Integrity Network, Paris, 18–19 March.
Randhol, P. and Cerasi, P. 2009. CO2 Injection Well Integrity. Technical Report 31.6953.00/01/08, SINTEF, Trondheim, Norway (January 2008).
Vignes, B., Andreassen, J., and Tonning, S.A. 2006. PSA Well Integrity Survey, Phase 1. Petroleum Safety Authority Norway (PSA), Stavanger, Norway (30 June 2006).
Rodriguez, W.J., Fleckenstein, W.W., and Eustes, A.W. 2003. Simulation of Collapse Loads on Cemented Casing Using Finite Element Analysis. Presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Denver, 5–8 October. SPE-84566-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/84566-MS.
Shahri, M.A., Schubert, J.J., and Amani, M. 2005. Detecting and Modeling Cement Failure in High-Pressure/High-Temperature (HP/HT) Wells, Using Finite Element Method (FEM). Presented at the International Petroleum Technology Conference, Doha, Qatar, 21–23 November. IPTC-10961-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2523/10961-MS.
Shen, J.C. and Pye, D.S. 1989. Effects of CO2 Attack on Cement in High-Temperature Applications. Presented at the SPE/IADC Drilling Conference, New Orleans, Louisiana, 28 February–3 March. SPE-18618-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/18618-MS.
Tao, Q., Bryant, S.L., Meckel, T.A., and Luo, Z. 2012. Wellbore Leakage Model for Above-Zone Monitoring at Cranfield, MS. Presented at the Carbon Management Technology Conference, Orlando, Florida, 7–9 February. SPE-151516-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/151516-MS.
Tao, Q., Checkai, D., Huerta, N., and Bryant, S.L. 2010. Model to Predict CO2 Leakage Rates Along a Wellbore. Presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Florence, Italy, 19–22 September. SPE-135483-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/135483-MS.
Thiercelin, M.J., Dargaud, B., Baret, J.F., and Rodriquez, W.J. 1998. Cement Design Based on Cement Mechanical Response. SPE Drill & Compl 13 (4): 266–273. SPE-52890-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/52890-PA.
Watson, T.L. and Bachu, S. 2007. Evaluation of the Potential for Gas and CO2 Leakage Along Wellbores. Presented at the E&P Environmental and Safety Conference, Galveston, Texas, 5–7 March. SPE-106817-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/106817-MS.
Watson, T.L. and Bachu, S. 2009. Evaluation of the Potential for Gas and CO2 Leakage Along Wellbores. SPE Drill & Compl 24 (1): 115–126. SPE-106817-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/106817-PA.
Zhang M. and Bachu, S. 2011. Review of integrity of existing wells in relation to CO2 geological storage: What do we know? International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 5 (4): 826–840. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijggc.2010.11.006.
Not finding what you're looking for? Some of the OnePetro partner societies have developed subject- specific wikis that may help.
The SEG Wiki
The SEG Wiki is a useful collection of information for working geophysicists, educators, and students in the field of geophysics. The initial content has been derived from : Robert E. Sheriff's Encyclopedic Dictionary of Applied Geophysics, fourth edition.