Reduction of Fines Migration by Nanofluids Injection: An Experimental Study
- Ali Habibi (University of Tehran) | Milad Ahmadi (University of Tehran) | Peyman Pourafshary (University of Tehran) | shahab Ayatollahi (Shiraz University) | Yahya Al-Wahaibi (Sultan Qaboos University)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Journal
- Publication Date
- November 2012
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 309 - 318
- 2012. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 1.4.3 Fines Migration, 5.1.1 Exploration, Development, Structural Geology, 1.8 Formation Damage
- 1 in the last 30 days
- 1,270 since 2007
- Show more detail
- View rights & permissions
|SPE Member Price:||USD 10.00|
|SPE Non-Member Price:||USD 30.00|
Formation damage of oil reservoirs as a result of fines migration is a major reason for productivity decline. Formation fines are defined as unconfined solid particles present in the pore spaces of formations. Their migration, caused by fluid flow in the reservoir, can cause pore plugging and permeability reduction. In the last 3 decades, many studies have characterized fines and their migration effect on permeability reduction. There are many techniques in the industry to remediate the damage, especially in the near-wellbore region. Nanofluids (NFs) that contain nanoparticles (NPs) exhibit specific properties, including a high tendency for adsorption and being good candidates for injection into the nearwellbore region, because of the small nanoparticle sizes. In this paper, a packed column is used to study the use of different types of NPs to reduce fines migration in synthetic porous materials. Three types of NPs--MgO, SiO2, and Al2O3--are used here to investigate their effects on fines movement. The results indicate that fines may adhere to the matrix grains, hindering their migration, when the porous materials are soaked with NFs. Furthermore, to check the mechanisms of this remediation technique, the effect of nanoparticle concentration and fluid flow rates in the medium on fines detachment was studied. A theoretical model was used to calculate total energy of interaction for the surfaces to check experimental results, which was also validated with scanning electron microscopy (SEM) pictures for samples from synthetic cores. The results showed that addition of 0.1 wt% of MgO and SiO2 NPs reduced fines migration by 15% compared with the reference state. MgO NPs were found to be more effective, even at high fluid rates, when used at a higher concentration, as noticed in the macroscopic and microscopic results.
|File Size||961 KB||Number of Pages||10|
Ahmadi, M., Habibi, A., Pourafshary, P., et al. 2011. Zeta PotentialInvestigation and Mathematical Modeling of Nanoparticles Deposited on the RockSurface to Reduce Fine Migration. Paper SPE 142633 presented at the SPE MiddleEast Oil and Gas Show and Conference, Manama, Bahrain, 25-28 September. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/142633-MS.
Al-Sulaimani, H., Al-Wahaibi, Y., Al-Bahry, S., et al. 2012. Residual-OilRecovery Through Injection of Biosurfactant, Chemical Surfactant, and Mixturesof Both Under Reservoir Temperatures: Induced-Wettability andInterfacial-Tension Effects. SPE Res Eval and Eng 15 (2):210-217. SPE-158022-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/158022-PA.
Aoudia, M., Al-Maamari, R.S., Nabipour, M., et al. 2010. Laboratory Study ofAlkyl Ether Sulfonates for Improved Oil Recovery in High-Salinity CarbonateReservoirs: A Case Study. Energy and Fuels 24 (6):3655-3660. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ef100266p.
Bedrikovetsky, P., Siqueira, F.D., Furtado, C.A., et al. 2011a. ModifiedParticle Detachment Model for Colloidal Transport in Porous Media. Transportin Porous Media 86 (2): 353-383. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11242-010-9626-4.
Bedrikovetsky, P., Vaz Jr., A.S.L., Furtado, C., et al. 2011b.Formation-Damage Evaluation From Nonlinear Skin Growth During Coreflooding.SPE Res Eval & Eng 14 (2): 193-203. SPE-112508-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/112509-PA.
Bedrikovetsky, P., Zeinijahromi, A., Siqueira, F.D., et al. 2011c. ParticleDetachment Under Velocity Alternation During Suspension Transport in PorousMedia. Transport in Porous Media 91 (1): 173-197. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11242-011-9839-1.
Belcher, C., Seth, K., Hollier, R., et al. 2010. Maximizing Production LifeWith the Use of Nanotechnology to Prevent Fines Migration. Paper 132152presented at the International Oil and Gas Conference and Exhibition in China,Beijing, China, 8-10 June 8-10. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/132152-MS.
Bowen, W.R. and Doneva, T.A. 2002. Atomic Force Microscopy Studies ofMembrane: Effect of Surface Roughness on Double-Layer Interactions and ParticleAdhesion. J. Colloid Interface Sci. 229 (2), 544-549. http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jcis.2000.6997.
Caldelas, F.M. 2010. Experimental Parameter Analysis of NanoparticleRetention in Porous Media. Master's thesis, University of Texas at Austin,Austin, Texas (August 2010).
Civan, F. 2007. Reservoir Formation Damage--Fundamental, Modeling,Assessment, and Mitigation, second edition. Burlington, Massachusetts: GulfProfessional Publishing/Elsevier.
Dullien, F.A.L. and Dhawan, G.K. 1974. Characterization of Pore Structure bya Combination of Quantitative Photomicrography and Mercury Porosimetry. J.Colloid Interface Sci. 47 (2): 337-349. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0021-9797(74)90265-3.
Ebnesajjad, S. 2010. Handbook of Adhesives and Surface Preparation,Amsterdam, The Netherlands: William Andrew/Elsevier.
Elimelech, M., Gregory, J., Jia, X., et al. 1998. Particle Deposition& Aggregation: Measurement, Modelling and Simulation. Woburn,Massachusetts: Butterworth-Heinemann.
Espinosa, D., Caldelas, F., Johnston, K., et al. 2010.Nanoparticle-Stabilized Supercritical CO2 Foams for Potential Mobility ControlApplications. Paper SPE 129925 presented at the SPE Improved Oil RecoverySymposium, Tulsa, Oklahoma, 24-28 April. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/129925-MS.
Hibbeler, J., Garcia, T., and Chavez, N. 2003. An Integrated Long-TermSolution for Migratory Fines Damage. Paper SPE 81017 presented at the SPE LatinAmerican and Caribbean Petroleum Engineering Conference, Port-of-Spain,Trinidad and Tobago, 27-30 April. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/81017-MS.
Huang, T., Crews, J.B., and Willingham, J.R. 2008. Nanoparticles forFormation Fines Fixation and Improving Performance of Surfactant StructureFluids. Paper SPE 12414 presented at the International Petroleum TechnologyConference, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 3-5 December. http://dx.doi.org/10.2523/12414-MS.
Huang, T., Evans, B.A., Crews, J.B., et al. 2010. Field Case Study onFormation Fines Control With Nanoparticles in Offshore Applications. Paper SPE135088 presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition,Florence, Italy, 19-22 September. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/135088-MS.
Ju, B., Fan, T., and Ma, M. 2006. Enhanced Oil Recovery by Flooding WithHydrophilic Nanoparticles. China Particuology 4 (1): 41-46.http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1672-2515(07)60232-2.
Ju, B. and Fan, T. 2009. Experimental Study and Mathematical Model ofNanoparticle Transport in Porous Media. Powder Technology 192 (2): 195-202. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.powtec.2008.12.017.
Kanj, M.Y., Funk, J.J., and Al-Yousif, Z. 2009. Nanofluid CorefloodExperiments in the ARAB-D. Paper SPE 126161 presented at the SPE Saudi ArabiaSection Technical Symposium, AlKhobar, Saudi Arabia, 9-11 May. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/126161-MS.
Khilar, K.C. and Fogler, H.S. 1998. Migrations of Fines in PorousMedia, xiii. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Kong, X. and Ohadi, M.M. et al. 2010. Application of Micro and NanoTechnologies in the Oil and Gas Industry—Overview of the Recent Progress. PaperSPE 138241 presented at the Abu Dhabi International Petroleum Exhibition andConference, Abu Dhabi, UAE, 1-4 November 1-4. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/138241-MS.
Maliyekkal, S.M., Anshup, Antony, K.R., et al. 2010. High Yield CombustionSynthesis of Nanomagnesia and Its Application for Fluoride Removal. Scienceof the Total Environment 408 (10): 2273-2282. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2010.01.062.
Moussavi, G. and Mahmoudi, M. 2009. Removal of Azo and AnthraquinoneReactive Dyes From Industrial Wastewaters Using MgO Nanoparticles. Journalof Hazardous Materials 168 (2-3): 806-812. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2009.02.097.
Muecke, T.W. 1979. Formation Fines and Factors Controlling Their Movement inPorous Media. J Pet. Tech. 31 (2): 144-150. SPE-7007-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/7007-PA.
Nassar, N. N. 2010. Asphaltene Adsorption Onto Alumina Nanoparticles:Kinetics and Thermodynamic Studies. Energy and Fuels 24(8): 4116-4122. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ef100458g.
Pourafshary, P., Azimpour, S.S., Motamedi, P., et al. 2009. PriorityAssessment of Investment in Development of Nanotechnology in Upstream PetroleumIndustry. Paper SPE 126101-MS presented at the SPE Saudi Arabia SectionTechnical Symposium, AlKhobar, Saudi Arabia, 9-11 May. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/126101-MS.
Prodanovic, M., Seungyup, R., Rahmani, A.R., et al. 2010. Effects ofMagnetic Fields on the Motion of Multiphase Fluids Containing ParamagneticNanoparticles in Porous Media. Paper SPE 129850 presented at the SPE ImprovedOil Recovery Symposium, Tulsa, Oklahoma, 24-28 April. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/129850-MS.
Rahbar, M., Ayatollahi, S., and Ghatee, M.H. 2010. The Roles of Nano-ScaleIntermolecular Forces on the Film Stability during Wettability AlterationProcess of the Oil Reservoir Rocks. Paper SPE 132616 presented at the Trinidadand Tobago Energy Resources Conference, Port-of-Spain, Trinidad, 27-30 June. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/132616-MS.
Rodriquez, E., Roberts, M.R., Yu, H., et al. 2009. Enhanced Migration ofSurface-Treated Nanoparticles in Sedimentary Rocks. Paper SPE 124418 presentedat the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, New Orleans, Louisiana,4-7 October. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/124418-MS.
Schramm, L.L. 1996. Suspensions: Fundamentals and Applications in thePetroleum Industry, xii. Washington, DC: American Chemical Society, DC.
Seiedi, O., Rahbar, M., Nabipour, M., et al. 2011. Atomic Force Microscopy(AFM) Investigation on the Surfactant Wettability Alteration Mechanism of AgedMica Mineral Surfaces. Energy and Fuels 25 (1): 183-188. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ef100699t.
Shutang, G. and Qianq, G. 2010. Recent Progress and Evaluation of ASPFlooding for EOR in Daqing Field. Paper SPE 127714 presented at the SPE EORConference at Oil & Gas West Asia, Muscat, Oman, 11-13 April. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/127714-MS.
Takahashi, S. 2009. Water Imbibition, Electrical Surface Forces, andWettability of Low Permeability Fractured Porous Media. PhD dissertation,Stanford University, Stanford, California (September 2009).
Takahashi, S. and Kovscek, A.R. 2010. Wettability Estimation ofLow-Permeability, Siliceous Shale Using Surface Forces. J. Pet. Sci &Eng. 75 (1-2): 33-43. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.petrol.2010.10.008.
Valdya, R.N. and Fogler, H.S. 1992. Fines Migration and Formation Damage:Influence of pH and Ion Exchange. SPE Prod Eng 7 (4):325-330. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/19413-PA.
Villamizar, L., Lohateeraparp, P., Harwell, J., et al. 2010. InterfaciallyActive SWNT/Silica Nanohybrid Used in Enhanced Oil Recovery. Paper SPE 129901presented at the SPE Improved Oil Recovery Symposium, Tulsa, Oklahoma, 24-28April. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/129901-MS.
Zargari, S., Ostvar, S., Niazi, A., et al. 2010. Atomic Force Microscopy andWettability Study of the Alteration of Mica and Sandstone by aBiosurfactant-Producing Bacterium Bacillus thermodenitrificans.Journal of Advanced Microscopy Research 5 (2), 143-148. http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jamr.2010.1036.
Zeinijahromi, A., Lemon, P., and Bedrikovetsky, P. 2011a. Effects of InducedMigration of Fines on Water Cut During Waterflooding. Paper SPE 139239presented at the SPE Middle East Oil and Gas Show and Conference, Manama,Bahrain, 25-28 September. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/139239-MS.
Zeinijahromi, A., Phuong, T.N., and Bedrikovetsky, P. 2011b. TakingAdvantage of Fines-Migration-Induced Formation Damage for ImprovedWaterflooding (Reservoir Simulation Using Polymer Flood Option). Paper SPE144009 presented at the SPE European Formation Damage Conference, Noordwijk,The Netherlands, 7-10 June. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/144009-MS.
Zhang, T., Davidson, A., Bryant, S.L., et al.. 2010. Nanoparticle-StabilizedEmulsion for Application in Enhanced Oil Recovery. Paper SPE 129885 presentedat the SPE Improved Oil Recovery Symposium, Tulsa, Oklahoma, 24-28 April. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/129885-MS.