Saskatchewan's Place in the Canadian Oil Sands
- Laurier L. Schramm (Saskatchewan Research Council) | John W. Kramers (Owl Ventures Inc.) | E.E. Isaacs (Alberta Energy Research Institute)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- Journal of Canadian Petroleum Technology
- Publication Date
- November 2010
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 12 - 21
- 2010. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 6.5.1 Air Emissions, 5.7.2 Recovery Factors, 5.8.5 Oil Sand, Oil Shale, Bitumen, 5.3.9 Steam Assisted Gravity Drainage, 5.2.1 Phase Behavior and PVT Measurements, 5.1.3 Sedimentology, 5.7 Reserves Evaluation, 5.1.5 Geologic Modeling, 1.2.3 Rock properties, 3.2.3 Hydraulic Fracturing Design, Implementation and Optimisation, 5.4.7 Chemical Flooding Methods (e.g., Polymer, Solvent, Nitrogen, Immiscible CO2, Surfactant, Vapex), 4.6 Natural Gas, 4.2 Pipelines, Flowlines and Risers, 4.1.5 Processing Equipment, 5.4.6 Thermal Methods, 5.2 Reservoir Fluid Dynamics, 4.3.4 Scale, 4.1.2 Separation and Treating, 1.6 Drilling Operations, 4.3.3 Aspaltenes, 2.4.3 Sand/Solids Control, 4.1.9 Heavy Oil Upgrading
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Canada's oil sands are well recognized internationally, with Alberta's mined and in-situ oil sands reservoirs being well developed with mature commercial technologies. The next frontier in Canadian petroleum development will be the shallow in-situ oil sands residing in both Saskatchewan and Alberta. Presenting opportunities and challenges that are distinct from the mining and deeper in-situ reservoir situations, the shallow reservoirs will probably need to be developed with new "game-changer" in-situ technologies that will reduce and/or replace the use of steam and fresh water, and dramatically reduce the emissions of greenhouse gases, such as CO2. Significant research and development programs are now aimed at developing and demonstrating such new technologies. Piloting new shallow in-situ development technologies for Saskatchewan's oil sands deposits will enable a new source of Canadian "technology oil" and serve to test more environmentally friendly technologies that could be adapted to current commercial operations. This paper provides a detailed description of the oil sands geology and physical properties as well as highlighting Saskatchewan's oil sands and some of the novel recovery technologies that are being developed for shallow in-situ reservoirs.
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