Asymptotic Model of the 3D Flow in a Progressing-Cavity Pump
- Selma F. Andrade (Petrobras) | Juliana V. Valério (Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro) | Marcio Carvalho (Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Journal
- Publication Date
- June 2011
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 451 - 462
- 2011. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 3.1.7 Progressing Cavity Pumps, 3.1 Artificial Lift Systems, 4.3.4 Scale
- asymptotic model, petroleum artificial lift, lubrication theory, progressive cavity pump, flow model
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- 442 since 2007
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Fundamental understanding of the flow inside progressing-cavity pumps (PCPs) represents an important step in the optimization of the efficiency of these pumps, which are largely used in artificial-lift processes in the petroleum industry.
The computation of the flow inside a PCP is extremely complex because of the transient character of the flow, the moving boundaries, and the difference in length scale of the channel height between the stator and rotor. This complexity makes the use of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) as an engineering tool almost impossible. This work presents an asymptotic model to describe the single-phase flow inside PCPs using lubrication theory. The model was developed for Newtonian fluid, and lubrication theory was used to reduce the 3D Navier-Stokes equations in cylindrical coordinates to a 2D Poisson's equation for the pressure field at each timestep, which is solved numerically by a second-order finite-difference method. The predictions are close to the experimental data and the results obtained by solving the complete 3D, transient Navier-Stokes equations with moving boundaries, available in the literature. Although the accuracy is similar to the complete 3D model, the computing time of the presented model is orders of magnitude smaller. The model was used to study the effect of geometry, fluid properties, and operating parameters in the pump-performance curves and can be used in the design of new pumping processes.
|File Size||1 MB||Number of Pages||12|
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