- Boolean operators
- This OR that
This AND that
This NOT that
- Must include "This" and "That"
- This That
- Must not include "That"
- This -That
- "This" is optional
- This +That
- Exact phrase "This That"
- "This That"
- (this AND that) OR (that AND other)
- Specifying fields
- publisher:"Publisher Name"
author:(Smith OR Jones)
Wettability Alteration and Foam Mobility Control in a Layered, 2D Heterogeneous Sandpack
- Robert F. Li (Rice University) | George Hirasaki (Rice University) | Clarence A. Miller (Rice University) | Shehadeh K. Masalmeh (Shell Technology Oman)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Journal
- Publication Date
- December 2012
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 1,207 - 1,220
- 2012. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 5.4 Enhanced Recovery, 5.4.7 Chemical Flooding Methods (e.g., Polymer, Solvent, Nitrogen, Immiscible CO2, Surfactant, Vapex), 5.4.1 Waterflooding, 2.5.2 Fracturing Materials (Fluids, Proppant)
- 8 in the last 30 days
- 642 since 2007
- Show more detail
In a layered, 2D heterogeneous sandpack with a 19:1 permeability contrast that was preferentially oil-wet, the recovery by waterflood was only 49.1% of original oil in place (OOIP) because of injected water flowing through the high-permeability zone, leaving the low-permeability zone unswept. To enhance oil recovery, an anionic surfactant blend (NI) was injected that altered the wettability and lowered the interfacial tension (IFT). Once IFT was reduced to ultralow values, the adverse effect of capillarity retaining oil was eliminated. Gravity-driven vertical countercurrent flow then exchanged fluids between high- and low-permeability zones during a 42-day system shut-in. Cumulative recovery after a subsequent foam flood was 94.6% OOIP, even though foam strength was weak. Recovery with chemical flood (incremental recovered oil/waterflood remaining oil) was 89.4%. An alternative method is to apply foam mobility control as a robust viscous-force-dominant process with no initial surfactant injection and shut-in. The light crude oil studied in this paper was extremely detrimental to foam generation. However, the addition of lauryl betaine to NI (NIB) at a weight ratio of 1:2 (NI:lauryl betaine) made the new blend a good foaming agent with and without the presence of the crude oil. NIB by itself as an IFT-reducing and foaming agent is shown to be effective in various secondary and tertiary alkaline/surfactant/foam (ASF) processes in water-wet 1D homogeneous sandpacks and in an oil-wet heterogeneous layered system with a 34:1 permeability ratio.
Aronofsky, J.S., Masse, L., and Natanson, S.G. 1958. A model for themechanism of oil recovery from the porous matrix due to water invasion infractured reservoirs. In Transactions of the American Institute of Mining,Metallurgical, and Petroleum Engineers, Vol. 213, SPE-932-G, 17-19. Dallas,Texas: Society of Petroleum Engineers.
Austadt, T. and Milter, J. 1997. Spontaneous Imbibition of Water Into LowPermeable Chalk at Different Wettabilities Using Surfactants. Paper SPE 37236presented at the SPE International Symposium on Oilfield Chemistry, Houston,18-21 February. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/37236-MS.
Aveyard, R., Binks, B.P., Fletcher, P.D.I. et al. 1994. Aspects of aqueousfoam stability in the presence of hydrocarbon oils and solid particles. Adv.Colloid Interface Sci. 48 (15 April 1994): 93-120. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0001-8686(94)80005-7.
Basheva, E.S., Ganchev, D., Denkov, N.D. et al. 1999. Role of Betaine asFoam Booster in the Presence of Silicone Oil Drops. Langmuir 16 (3): 1000-1013. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/la990777+.
Bertin, H.J., Apaydin, O.G., Castanier, L.M. et al. 1999. Foam Flow inHeterogeneous Porous Media: Effect of Cross Flow. SPE J. 4(2): 75-82. SPE-56009-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/56009-PA.
Blaker, T., Aarra, M.G., Skauge, A. et al. 2002. Foam for Gas MobilityControl in the Snorre Field: The FAWAG Project. SPE Res Eval & Eng 5 (4): 317-323. SPE-78824-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/78824-PA.
Chen, H.L., Lucas, L.R., Nogaret, L.A.D. et al. 2000. Laboratory Monitoringof Surfactant Imbibition Using Computerized Tomography. Paper SPE 59006presented at the SPE/DOE International Petroleum Conference and Exhibition inMexico, Villahermosa, Mexico, 1-3 February. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/59006-MS.
Christov, N.C., Denkov, N.D., Kralchevsky, P.A. et al. 2004. SynergisticSphere-to-Rod Micelle Transition in Mixed Solutions of Sodium Dodecyl Sulfateand Cocoamidopropyl Betaine. Langmuir 20 (3): 565-571. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/la035717p.
Dake, L.P. 1978. Fundamentals of Reservoir Engineering. New York:Elsevier Scientific Publishing Company.
Garrett, P.R. 1993. The Mode of Action of Antifoams. In Defoaming: Theoryand Industrial Applications, ed. P.R. Garrett, Vol. 45, 14. Boca Raton,Florida: Surfactant Science Series, CRC Press.
Gupta, R. and Mohanty, K. 2010. Temperature Effects on Surfactant-AidedImbibition Into Fractured Carbonates. SPE J. 15 (3):588-597. SPE-110204-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/110204-PA.
Hagoort, J. 1980. Oil Recovery by Gravity Drainage. SPE J. 20 (3): 139-150. SPE-7424-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/7424-PA.
Heller, J.P. 1994. CO2 Foam in Enhanced Oil Recovery. In Foams:Fundamentals and Applications in the Petroleum Industry, ed. L.L. Schramm,No. 242, 201-234. Washington, DC: Advances in Chemistry Series, AmericanChemical Society.
Hirasaki, G.J. 1975. Sensitivity Coefficients for History Matching OilDisplacement Processes. SPE J. 15 (1): 39-49. SPE-4283-PA.http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/4283-PA.
Hirasaki, G.J. 1989. The Steam-Foam Process. J Pet Technol 41 (5): 449-456. SPE-19505-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/19505-PA.
Hirasaki, G.J., Jackson, R.E., Jin, M. et al. 2000. Field Demonstration ofthe Surfactant/Foam Process for Remediation of a Heterogeneous AquiferContaminated with DNAPL. In NAPL Removal: Surfactants, Foams, andMicroemulsions, ed. S. Fiorenza, C.A. Miller, C.L. Oubre, and C.H. Ward,Part 1, 3-163. Boca Raton, Florida: AATDF monograph series, LewisPublishers/CRC Press.
Hirasaki, G.J., Miller, C.A., Szafranski, R. et al. 1997. FieldDemonstration of the Surfactant/Foam Process for Aquifer Remediation. Paper SPE39292 presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, SanAntonio, Texas, USA, 5-8 October. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/39292-MS.
Hirasaki, G. and Zhang, D.L. 2004. Surface Chemistry of Oil Recovery FromFractured, Oil-Wet, Carbonate Formation. SPE J. 9 (2):151-162. SPE-88365-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/88365-PA.
Hjelmeland, O.S. and Larrondo, L.E. 1986. Experimental Investigation of theEffects of Temperature, Pressure and Crude Oil Composition on InterfacialProperties. SPE Res Eng 1 (4): 321-328. SPE-12124-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/12124-PA.
Kovscek, A.R. and Bertin, H.J. 2003a. Foam Mobility in Heterogeneous PorousMedia. II: Experimental Observations. Transport Porous Media 52 (1): 37-49. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/a:1022368228594.
Kovscek, A.R. and Bertin, H.J. 2003b. Foam Mobility in Heterogeneous PorousMedia. I: Scaling Concepts. Transport Porous Media 52 (1):17-35. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1022312225868.
Lawson, J.B. and Reisberg, J. 1980. Alternate Slugs of Gas and DiluteSurfactant for Mobility Control During Chemical Flooding. Paper SPE 8839presented at the SPE/DOE Enhanced Oil Recovery Symposium, Tulsa, 20-23 April.http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/8839-MS.
Li, R.F. 2011. Study of Foam Mobility Control in Surfactant Enhanced OilRecovery Processes in 1-D, Heterogeneous 2-D, and Micro Model Systems. PhDthesis, Rice University, Houston, Texas.
Li, R.F., Yan, W., Liu, S. et al. 2010. Foam Mobility Control for SurfactantEnhanced Oil Recovery. SPE J. 15 (4): 928-942.SPE-113910-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/113910-PA.
Ma, S., Morrow, N.R., and Zhang, X. 1997. Generalized scaling of spontaneousimbibition data for strongly water-wet systems. J. Pet. Sci. Eng. 18 (3-4): 165-178. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0920-4105(97)00020-x.
Manlowe, D.J. and Radke, C.J. 1990. A Pore-Level Investigation of Foam/OilInteractions in Porous Media. SPE Res Eng 5 (4): 495-502.SPE-18069-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/18069-PA.
Masalmeh, S.K. and Oedai, S. 2009. Surfactant Enhanced Gravity Drainage:Laboratory Experiments and Numerical Simulation Model. Paper SCA2009-06presented at the 23rd International Symposium of the Society of Core Analysts,Noordwijk aan Zee, The Netherlands, 27-30 September.
Masalmeh, S.K. and Wei, L. 2009. EOR Option for a Heterogeneous CarbonateReservoirs with Complex Waterflood Performance. Paper presented at the EAGE15th European Symposium on Improved Oil Recovery, Paris, 27-29 April.
Morrow, N.R. 1990. Wettability and Its Effect on Oil Recovery. J PetTechnol 42 (12): 1476-1484. SPE-21621-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/21621-PA.
Nguyen, Q.P., Currie, P.K., and Zitha, P.L.J. 2005. Effect of CapillaryCross-Flow on Foam-Induced Diversion in Layered Formations. SPE J. 10 (1): 54-65. SPE-82270-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/82270-PA.
Nikolov, A.D., Wasan, D.T., Huang, D.W. et al. 1986. The Effect of Oil onFoam Stability: Mechanisms and Implications for Oil Displacement by Foam inPorous Media. Paper SPE 15443 presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conferenceand Exhibition, New Orleans, 5-8 October. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/15443-MS.
Patzek, T.W. 1996. Field Applications of Steam Foam for Mobility Improvementand Profile Control. SPE Res Eng 11 (2): 79-86.SPE-29612-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/29612-PA.
Pope, G.A., Wu, W., Narayanaswamy, G. et al. 2000. Modeling RelativePermeability Effects in Gas-Condensate Reservoirs With a New Trapping Model.SPE Res Eval & Eng 3 (2): 141-178. SPE-62497-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/62497-PA.
Richardson, J.G. and Blackwell, R.J. 1971. Use of Simple Mathematical Modelsfor Predicting Reservoir Behavior. J Pet Technol 23 (9):1145-1154. SPE-2928-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/2928-PA.
Schramm, L.L. 2005. Emulsions, Foams, and Suspensions: Fundamentals andApplications. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag.
Standnes, D.C. and Austad, T. 2000. Wettability alteration in chalk 2.Mechanism for wettability alteration from oil-wet to water-wet usingsurfactants. J. Pet. Sci. Eng. 28 (3): 123-143. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0920-4105(00)00084-X.
Treiber, L.E. and Owens, W.W. 1972. A Laboratory Evaluation of theWettability of Fifty Oil-Producing Reservoirs. SPE J. 12(6): 531-540. SPE-3526-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/3526-PA.
Wang, D., Cheng, J., Yang, Z. et al. 2001. Successful Field Test of theFirst Ultra-Low Interfacial Tension Foamflood. Paper SPE 72147 presented at theSPE Asia Pacific Improved Oil Recovery Conference, Kuala Lumpur, 6-9 October.http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/72147-MS.
Yang, S.Y., Hirasaki, G.J., Basu, S. et al. 1999. Mechanisms for contactangle hysteresis and advancing contact angles. J. Pet. Sci. Eng. 24 (2-4): 63-73. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0920-4105(99)00049-2.
Zhang, D.L., Liu, S., Puerto, M. et al. 2006. Wettability alteration andspontaneous imbibition in oil-wet carbonate formations. J. Pet. Sci.Eng. 52 (1-4): 213-226. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.petrol.2006.03.009.
Zhang, H., Miller, C.A., Garrett, P.R. et al. 2003. Mechanism for defoamingby oils and calcium soap in aqueous systems. J. Colloid Interface Sci. 263 (2): 633-644. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0021-9797(03)00367-9.
Not finding what you're looking for? Some of the OnePetro partner societies have developed subject- specific wikis that may help.
The SEG Wiki
The SEG Wiki is a useful collection of information for working geophysicists, educators, and students in the field of geophysics. The initial content has been derived from : Robert E. Sheriff's Encyclopedic Dictionary of Applied Geophysics, fourth edition.