- Boolean operators
- This OR that
This AND that
This NOT that
- Must include "This" and "That"
- This That
- Must not include "That"
- This -That
- "This" is optional
- This +That
- Exact phrase "This That"
- "This That"
- (this AND that) OR (that AND other)
- Specifying fields
- publisher:"Publisher Name"
author:(Smith OR Jones)
Flow of Hydrophobically Modified Water-Soluble Polymers in Porous Media: Controlled Resistance Factors vs. Flow-Induced Gelation in the Semidilute Regime
- Guillaume Dupuis (Poweltec) | David Rousseau (IFP Energies nouvelles) | René Tabary (IFP Energies nouvelles) | Bruno Grassl (IPREM-EPCP)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Journal
- Publication Date
- December 2012
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 1,196 - 1,206
- 2012. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 4.1.2 Separation and Treating, 1.6.9 Coring, Fishing, 5.6.4 Drillstem/Well Testing
- 2 in the last 30 days
- 492 since 2007
- Show more detail
The associative properties of hydrophobically modified water-soluble polymers (HMWSPs) are attractive for improved oil recovery (IOR) because of both their enhanced thickening capability, compared with classical water-soluble polymers (for mobility-control applications), and their permeability-reduction, or plugging, ability (for well-treatment applications). In previous works, we have studied the injectivity of HMWSP made of sulfonated polyacrylamide backbones and alkyl side chains in the dilute regime and have shown, in particular, that it was largely governed by adsorption. In this paper, we report new experimental data on the injectivity of the same class of HMWSP solutions in the semidilute regime.
From membrane filtration tests at imposed flow rate, we have first observed the formation of a filter cake made of HMWSP physical gel, which remained largely permeable to polymers. Our observations are compatible with the creation of channels within the gel. This leads to a gel-filtration process, entailing modifications of the solution's viscosimetric properties, which can be explained by a rearrangement of the intra- and interchain hydrophobic bonds in the solution. The second part of our work consisted of injectivity tests in model granular packs. We have performed comparative experiments in porous media with variable permeabilities, but at the same shear rate in the pore throats. Results show that, above a critical permeability kkC, or a critical pore-throat radius rpkC, HMWSP injection led to stable resistance factors, with values close to the solution?s viscosity, and that, at less than kkC or rpkC, the very high resistance factors observed suggest that flow-induced gelation of the HMWSP takes place. Furthermore, resistance factors measured over the core internal sections are compatible with an in-depth formation of the gel. These insights could be of use for designing HMWSP better suited to mobility-control operations and for tuning HMWSP injection conditions for profile/conformance-control operations.
Al-Taq, A.A., Nasr-El-Din, H.A., Lajami, R.A., et al. 2007. Effective AcidDiversion and Water Control in Carbonate Reservoirs Using an AssociativePolymer Treatment: Case Histories From Saudi Arabia. Paper SPE 109714 presentedat the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Anaheim, California,11-14 November. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/109714-MS.
Argillier, J.-F., Audibert-Hayet, A., Lecourtier, J., et al. 1996. Solutionand Adsorption Properties of Hydrophobically Associating Water-SolublePolyacrylamides. Colloids Surf. A Physicochem. Eng. Asp. 113(3): 247-257. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0927-7757(96)03575-3.
Bock, J., Valint, P.L., Pace, S.J., et al. 1988. Hydrophobically AssociatingPolymers. In Water-Soluble Polymers for Petroleum Recovery, ed. G.A.Stahl and D.N. Schulz, 147-160, New York: Plenum Press.
Buchgraber, M., Clemens, T., Castanier, L.M., et al. 2011. A MicrovisualStudy of the Displacement of Viscous Oil by Polymer Solutions. SPE Res Eval& Eng 14 (3): 269-280, SPE-122400-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/122400-PA.
Buret, S., Nabzar, L., and Jada, A. 2009. Water Quality and WellInjectivity: Do Residual Stable Oil-in-Water Emulsions Matter? SPE J.15 (2): 557-568, SPE-12206-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/122060-PA.
Candau, F. and Selb, J. 1999. Hydrophobically-Modified PolyacrylamidesPrepared by Micellar Polymerization. Adv. Colloid Interface Sci. 79 (2): 149-172. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0001-8686(98)00077-3.
Chauveteau, G. 1982. Rodlike Polymer Solution Flow Through Fine Pores:Influence of Pore Size on the Rheological Behavior. J. Rheol. 26 (2): 111-142. http://dx.doi.org/10.1122/1.549660.
Chauveteau, G., Kuang, Y. and Fleury, M. 2003. A Structural Model to PredictTransport Properties of Granular Porous Media. Oral presentation given at theInternational Symposium of the Society of Core Analysts, Pau, France, 21-24September.
Cozic, C., Rousseau, D. and Tabary, R. 2009. Novel Insights Into MicrogelsSystems for Water Control. SPE Prod & Oper 24 (4):590-601, SPE-115974-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/115974-PA.
Dupuis, G., Rigolini, J., Clisson, G., et al. 2009. Determination of theMacromolecular Dimensions of Hydrophobically Modified Polymers by Micellar SizeExclusion Chromatography Coupled With Multiangle Light Scattering. Anal.Chem. 81 (21): 8993-9001. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ac901527t.
Dupuis, G., Rousseau, D., Tabary, R., et al. 2011. Flow of HydrophobicallyModified Water-Soluble-Polymer Solutions in Porous Media: New ExperimentalInsights in the Diluted Regime. SPE J. 16 (1): 43-54,SPE-129884-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/129884-PA.
Dupuis, G., Rousseau, D., Tabary R., et al. In press. HydrophobicallyModified Sulfonated Polyacrylamides for IOR: Correlations Between AssociativeBehavior and Injectivity in the Diluted Regime. Oil & Gas Sci. &Tech. (submitted).
Eoff, L., Dalrymple, D., and Reddy B.R. 2005. Development of AssociativePolymer Technology for Acid Diversion in Sandstone and Carbonate Lithology.SPE Prod & Fac 20 (3): 250-256. SPE-89413-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/89413-PA.
Han, M., Xiang, W., Zhang, J., et al. 2006. Application of EOR Technology byMeans of Polymer Flooding in Bohai Oil Fields. Paper SPE 104432 presented atthe International Oil & Gas Conference and Exhibition in China, Beijing,China, 5-7 December. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/104432-MS.
Gaillard, N. and Favéro, C. 2010. Novel High Molecular Weight AssociativeAmphoteric Polymers and Uses Thereof. US Patent No. 7,700,702.
Jaripatke, O., Dalrymple, D., Prokhorov, A., et al. 2009. Field-ApplicationResults of HMWSP in Western Siberia: Design Optimization, Conclusions, andRecommendations. Paper 13230 presented at the International PetroleumTechnology Conference, Doha, Quatar, 7-9 December. http://dx.doi.org/10.2523/13230-MS.
Kim, H.S., Lau, W., and Kumacheva, E. 2000. Interaction Forces BetweenAdsorbed Layers of Associative Polymer. Macromolecules 33(12): 4561-4567. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ma990435a.
Kujawa, P., Audibert-Hayet, A., Selb, J., et al. 2004. RheologicalProperties of Multisticker Associative Polyelectrolytes in Semidilute AqueousSolutions. J. Polym. Sci. B Polym. Phys. 42 (9): 1640-1655.http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/polb.20030.
Kun, R., Jinlan, W, Meiqin L., et al. 2006. Rheological Properties ofHydrophobically Associating Polyacrylamide Solution. Pet. Sci. 3(2): 66-72.
Lijian, D. and Biao, W. 1995. Hydrophobically Associating Terpolymer and ItsComplex With a Stabilizer in Brine for Enhanced Oil Recovery. Paper SPE29007-MS presented at the SPE International Symposium on Oilfield Chemistry,San Antonio, Texas, 14-17 February. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/29007-MS.
Liu, F., Yi, F., Huang, B., et al. 2008. Laboratory Research on PolymerFlooding for SZ36-1 Offshore Heavy Oilfield. In World Heavy Oil Congress:Unconventional Oil Challenging Conventional Expectations, Edmonton,Alberta, Canada, 10-12 March 2008. Calgary, Alberta, Canada: DMG WorldMedia.
Lu, H., Feng, Y, and Huang, Z. 2008. Association and Effective HydrodynamicThickness of Hydrophobically Associating Polyacrylamide Through Porous Media.J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 110 (3): 1837-1843. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/app.28596.
Maia, A.M.S, Borsali, R., and Balaban, R.C. 2009. Comparison Between aPolyacrylamide and a Hydrophobically Modified Polyacrylamide Flood in aSandstone Core. Mater. Sci. Eng. C Biomim. Mater. Sens. Syst. 29 (2): 505-509. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.msec.2008.09.018.
McCormick, C.L. and Johnson, B. 1988. Structurally Tailored Macromoleculesfor Mobility Control in Enhanced Oil Recovery. In Water-Soluble Polymers forPetroleum Recovery, ed. G.A. Stahl and D.N. Schulz, 161-180, New York:Plenum Press.
Médout-Marère, V., El Ghzaoui, A., Charnay, C., et al. 2000. SurfaceHeterogeneity of Passively Oxidized Silicon Carbide Particles:Hydrophobic-Hydrophilic Partition. J. Colloid Interface Sci. 223 (2): 205-214. http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jcis.1999.6625.
Pancharoen, M., Thiele, M.R., and Kovscek, A.R. 2010. Inaccessible PoreVolume of Associative Polymer Floods. Paper SPE 129910 presented at the SPEImproved Oil Recovery Symposium, Tulsa, Oklahoma, 24-28 April. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/129910-MS.
Reichenbach-Klinke, R., Langlotz, B., Wenzke, B., et al. 2011. AssociativeCopolymer With Favorable Properties for the Application in Polymer Flooding.Paper SPE 141107 presented at the SPE International Symposium on OilfieldChemistry, The Woodlands, Texas, 11-13 April. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/141107-MS.
Rubinstein, M. and Semenov, A. N. 1998. Thermoreversible Gelation inSolutions of Associating Polymers. 2. Linear Dynamics. Macromolecules 31: 1386-1397. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ma970617+.
Semenov, A.N. and Rubinstein, M. 1998. Thermoreversible Gelation inSolutions of Associative Polymers. 1. Statics. Macromolecules 31 (4): 1373-1385. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ma970616h.
Seright, R.S., Prodanovic, M., and Lindquist, W.B. 2006. X-Ray ComputedMicrotomography Studies of Fluid Partitioning in Drainage and Imbibition Beforeand After Gel Placement: Disproportionate Permeability Reduction. SPE J. 11 (2): 159-170, SPE-89393-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/89393-PA.
Seright, R.S. 2009. Disproportionate Permeability Reduction WithPore-Filling Gels. SPE J. 14 (1): 5-13, SPE-99443-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/99443-PA.
Seright, R.S., Fan, T., Wavrik, K, et al. 2011. Rheology of a New SulfonicAssociative Polymer in Porous Media. Paper SPE 141355 presented at the SPEInternational Symposium on Oilfield Chemistry, The Woodlands, Texas, 11-13April. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/141355-MS.
Shahan, T., Briney, M., Reyes, R., et al. 2005. Technology and Methods Usedto Reduce Water Production in the Lower Delaware Sands of Southeasthern NewMexico and West Texas. Paper SPE 95688 presented at the SPE Annual TechnicalConference and Exhibition, Dallas, Texas, 9-12 October. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/95688-MS.
Taylor, K.C. and Nasr-El-Din, H.A. 1998. Water-Soluble HydrophobicallyAssociating Polymers for Improved Oil Recovery: A Literature Review. J. Pet.Sci. & Eng. 19: 265-280. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0920-4105(97)00048-X.
Taylor, K.C. and Nasr-El-Din, H.A. 2007. Hydrophobically AssociatingPolymers for Oil Field Applications. Paper CIPC 2007-016 presented at theCanadian International Petroleum Conference, Calgary, Alberta, Canada, 12-14June. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/2007-016.
Torres, A., Peano, J., Lopez, E., et al. 2006. Conformance While Fracturing:Technology Used to Reduce Water Production in North Mexico. Paper SPE 104053presented at the First International Oil Conference and Exhibition in Mexico,Cancun, Mexico, 31 August-2 September. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/104053-MS.
Volpert, E., Selb, J., Candau, F., et al. 1998. Adsorption ofHydrophobically Associating Polyacrylamides on Clay. Langmuir 14 (7): 1870-1879. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/la970358h.
Wang, D., Han, P., Shao, Z., et al. 2008. Sweep-Improvement Options for theDaqing Oil Field. SPE Res Eval & Eng 11 (1): 18-26,SPE-99441-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/99441-PA.
Wei, Z., Jian, Z., Ming, H., et al. 2007. Application of HydrophobicallyAssociating Water-Soluble Polymer for Polymer Flooding in China Offshore HeavyOilfield. Paper IPTC 11635 presented at the International Petroleum TechnologyConference, Dubai, UAE, 4-6 December. http://dx.doi.org/10.2523/11635-MS.
Zhou, W., Zhang, J., Feng, G., et al. 2008. Key Technologies of PolymerFlooding in Offshore Oilfield of Bohai Bay. Paper SPE 115240 presented at theSPE Asia Pacific Oil and Gas Conference and Exhibition, Perth, Australia, 20-22October. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/115240-MS.
Zhao, H., Zhao, P., Bai, B., et al. 2006. Using Associated Polymer Gels toControl Conformance for High Temperature and High Salinity Reservoirs. J CdnPet Technol 45 (5): 49-54. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/06-05-04.
Zitha, P.L.J., Chauveteau, G., and Léger, L. 2001. Unsteady-State Flow ofFlexible Polymers in Porous Media. J. Colloid Interface Sci. 234 (2): 269-283. http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jcis.2000.7306.
Not finding what you're looking for? Some of the OnePetro partner societies have developed subject- specific wikis that may help.
The SEG Wiki
The SEG Wiki is a useful collection of information for working geophysicists, educators, and students in the field of geophysics. The initial content has been derived from : Robert E. Sheriff's Encyclopedic Dictionary of Applied Geophysics, fourth edition.