Red vs. Green Scale Inhibitors for Extending Squeeze life--A Case Study From the North Sea, Norwegian Sector--Part II
- Myles M. Jordan (Nalco Energy Services Limited) | Eyvind Sorhaug (Talisman Energy Norge A/S) | David Marlow (Nalco Energy Services A/S)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Production & Operations
- Publication Date
- November 2012
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 404 - 413
- 2012. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 4.1.2 Separation and Treating, 4.3.4 Scale, 1.8 Formation Damage
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- 378 since 2007
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Over the years, environmental legislation has forced changes in the types of scale-inhibitor molecule that can be deployed in certain regions of the world. These regulations have resulted in changes from phosphonate scale inhibitor to polymer-based chemistry, particularly in the Norwegian and UK continental shelf where phosphonates have been either on the substitution list or phased out for many applications. Over the past 10 years, significant improvements in inhibitor properties of the so-called "green" scale inhibitors have been made. However, for one particular operator, the squeeze application of this green scale inhibitor resulted in poorer than expected treatment lifetimes and significant operating cost because of the frequency of retreatment. To overcome the increasing operating cost, an evaluation was made of the current treatment chemicals vs. the older, more-established phosphonate scale inhibitors. The results for the laboratory evaluation suggested that the older chemistry would extend treatment life and reduce operating cost. A case was made to the legislative authority, who approved the use of the phosphonate scale inhibitor, and field applications started. The squeeze lifetimes for the red phosphonate chemistry were shown to be significantly better than the existing yellow/green inhibitors. During the following months, other scale inhibitors with improved environmental characteristics were developed and evaluated. One such molecule was shown to have similar coreflood retention to that of the applied red phosphonate and presented no formation damage. This paper presents the laboratory evaluation of the new scale inhibitor, and illustrates the improvement observed with this new inhibitor through field squeeze-treatment results from a well treated with both the red and new yellow environmental profile inhibitor chemicals.
This paper outlines the challenges with environmental legislation and how it has been possible to develop technical solutions (in terms of environmental vs. safety issues and with new inhibitor chemicals) to meet the challenges of offshore scale control.
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