Leveraging a Common Infrastructure To Support Qatar's Rapid LNG Expansion
- Ahmed Al-Amoodi (Qatar Petroleum) | Keith C. Felton (Qatargas Operating Company) | Kamal Kasim (RasGas Company Limited) | Khaled Kouki (Qatargas Operating Company) | Mike Whitehead (RasGas Company Limited)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Projects, Facilities & Construction
- Publication Date
- September 2011
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 145 - 154
- 2011. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 4.6 Natural Gas, 5.2.1 Phase Behavior and PVT Measurements, 6.1.5 Human Resources, Competence and Training, 4.6.2 Liquified Natural Gas (LNG)
- facilities and construction, projects
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The State of Qatar is rapidly expanding to capture almost one-third of the world's liquefied-natural-gas (LNG) market. By 2010, LNG exports from the State of Qatar are projected to reach 77 million tonnes per annum (Mt/a) (This was the outlook in late 2009). In addition to the LNG production, there will be a sizeable quantity of byproducts (condensate, propane, butane, and sulfur) as a result of the LNG production. These byproducts are expected to reach production rates of approximately 80 000 m3/d [500,000 barrels per day (B/D)] of condensate, 20 000 tonnes per day (t/d) of propane, 13 000 t/d of butane, and 12 000 t/d of sulfur.
To support this expansion, the State of Qatar has embarked on a pioneering approach to the storage and loading of LNG and its byproducts that will serve as an example of significant capital-investment savings, operational flexibility, and reduced land requirements. Traditionally, dedicated storage and loading facilities (infrastructure) have been designed and built to support a specific LNG production train and its associated byproducts. The State of Qatar's innovative approach has been the design and construction of a fully integrated common infrastructure to support all of the joint-venture-owned LNG production trains and other gas-related projects in Ras Laffan Industrial City (RLC). This paper will describe the unique aspects of this fully integrated infrastructure, its benefits, and the complexities and challenges associated with making the vision of a fully integrated LNG infrastructure come to fruition.
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