Viscosity and API Gravity Determination of Solvent Extracted Heavy Oil and Bitumen
- Chunqing Dennis Jiang (Gushor Inc.) | Barry Bennett (Gushor Inc.) | Steve R. Larter (Gushor Inc.) | Jennifer J. Adams (Gushor Inc.) | Lloyd Snowdon (Gushor Inc.)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- Journal of Canadian Petroleum Technology
- Publication Date
- July 2010
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 20 - 27
- 2010. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 4.3.3 Aspaltenes, 5.1.5 Geologic Modeling, 4.1.2 Separation and Treating, 5.5.8 History Matching, 5.5 Reservoir Simulation, 1.6.9 Coring, Fishing, 5.8.5 Oil Sand, Oil Shale, Bitumen, 6.5.3 Waste Management, 5.4.2 Gas Injection Methods, 5.1.1 Exploration, Development, Structural Geology, 4.1.5 Processing Equipment, 4.3.4 Scale, 2.4.3 Sand/Solids Control
- heavy oil, viscosity, bitumen
- 1 in the last 30 days
- 846 since 2007
- Show more detail
- View rights & permissions
|SPE Member Price:||USD 12.00|
|SPE Non-Member Price:||USD 35.00|
This paper describes and discusses laboratory experiments showing that reliable determinations of viscosity usually cannot be made on high-viscosity samples of heavy oil or tar sand bitumen that have been solvent-extracted from core or cuttings samples with toluene or otherwise contaminated or diluted with this solvent. The toluene solvent cannot be quantitatively removed without damaging the bitumen sample because of the concomitant evaporation of volatile materials that act naturally as solvents in the bitumen. Only small amounts of natural or contaminant solvent are sufficient to effectively control the sample viscosity. Viscosity values determined on residual bitumen after solvent removal may be either higher or lower than the nominally correct value depending on whether excessive residual toluene solvent remains in the sample or excessive volatile material has been removed from the sample during the evaporation. On the other hand, the impact of solvent on the density (i.e., API gravity) of a sample is linear and there are several advantages to using solvent plus bitumen mixtures to determine density for high-viscosity samples.
|File Size||772 KB||Number of Pages||8|
Henry, D. and Fuhr, B. 1992. Preparation of bitumenfrom oil sand by ultracentrifugation. Fuel 71 (12):1515-1518. doi:10.1016/0016-2361(92)90228-G.
Larter, S., Jiang, C., Oldenburg, T., Adams, J., Noke, K., Bennett, B.,Gates, I., and Snowdon, L.R. 2008. Method and apparatus for obtaining heavy oilsamples from a reservoir sample. International Patent No. WO/2008/098359.
Miller, K.A., Nelson, L.A., and Almond, R.M. 2006. Should You Trust Your Heavy OilViscosity Measurement? J Can Pet Technol 45 (4): 42-48.JCPT Paper No. 06-04-02. doi: 10.2118/06-04-02.
Adams, J.J., Jiang, C., Bennett, B., Snowdon, L.R., Gates, I.D., and Larter,S.R. 2009. Heavy Oil and Super Heavy Oil Viscosity Measurement and Estimation:Getting Representative Samples. Paper 067 presented at Frontiers + Innovation2009 CSPG CSEG CWLS Convention, Calgary, 4-8 May.
Monnery, W.D., Svrcek, W.Y., and Mehrotra, A.K. 1995. Viscosity: A critical reviewof practical predictive and correlative methods. The Canadian Journal ofChemical Engineering 73 (1): 3-40.doi:10.1002/cjce.5450730103.
Johnson, S.E., Svrcek, W.Y., and Mehrotra, A.K. 1987. Viscosity prediction of Athabascabitumen using the extended principle of corresponding states. Ind. Eng.Chem. Res. 26 (11): 2290-2298. doi:10.1021/ie00071a020.
Wen, Y., Bryan, J., and Kantzas, A. 2003. Evaluation of Bitumen-SolventProperties Using Low Field NMR. Paper 2003-031 presented at the CanadianInternational Petroleum Conference, Calgary, 10-12 June. doi:10.2118/2003-031.
Larter, S.R., Bennett, B., Snowdon, L.R., Jiang, C., Adams, J.J., Gates,I.D., and Noke, K.J. 2009. Method for determining a value of a property of oilextracted from a sample. International Patent No. WO/2009/023953.
Larter, S., Adams, J., Gates, I.D., Bennett, B., and Huang, H. 2008. The Origin, Prediction and Impact ofOil Viscosity Heterogeneity on the Production Characteristics of Tar Sand andHeavy Oil Reservoirs. J Can Pet Technol 47 (1): 52-61.JCPT Paper No. 08-01-52. doi: 10.2118/08-01-52.