- Boolean operators
- This OR that
This AND that
This NOT that
- Must include "This" and "That"
- This That
- Must not include "That"
- This -That
- "This" is optional
- This +That
- Exact phrase "This That"
- "This That"
- (this AND that) OR (that AND other)
- Specifying fields
- publisher:"Publisher Name"
author:(Smith OR Jones)
Storage of CO2 as Hydrate in Depleted Gas Reservoirs
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- Olga Ye. Zatsepina (University of Calgary) | Mehran Pooladi-Darvish (Fekete Associates)
- Document ID
- SPE Reservoir Evaluation & Engineering
- 98 - 108
- Publication Date
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 2012. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 6.11.1 CO2 Sequestration
- hydrate, depleted gas reservoir, storage, CO2
- 13 in the last 30 days
- 524 since 2007
With the increasing concern about climate change, the public, industry, and government are showing increased interest toward reducing carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. Geological storage of CO2 is perceived to be one of the most promising methods to provide significant reduction in CO2 emissions over the short and medium term. However, one major concern regarding geological storage of CO2 is the possibility of leakage. CO2 under the pressure and temperature conditions encountered in most geological settings remains more buoyant than water. Processes that could lead to permanent trapping of CO2 include geochemical reactions, with the formation of solid minerals. This trapping mechanism is attractive because it converts the CO2 into a solid compound. However, the time scale of such reactions is perceived to be centuries to millennia. In contrast, the kinetics of CO2-hydrate formation--leading to trapping of CO2 in the solid form--is quite fast, providing the opportunity for long-term storage of CO2. In this paper, geological settings suitable for formation of CO2 hydrate are investigated. We study storage of CO2 in depleted gas pools of northern Alberta.
Thermodynamic calculations suggest that CO2 hydrate is stable at temperatures that occur in a number of formations in northern Alberta, in an area where significant CO2 emissions are associated with production of oil sands and bitumen. Simulation results presented in this paper suggest that, upon CO2 injection into such depleted gas reservoirs, pressure would initially rise until conditions are appropriate for hydrate formation, enabling storage of large volumes of CO2 in solid form. Numerical-simulation results suggest that, because of tight packing of CO2 molecules in the solid (hydrate), the CO2 storage capacity of these pools is many times greater than their original-gas-in-place capacity. This provides a local option for storage of a portion of the CO2 emissions there.
In this paper, we study the storage capacity of such depleted gas pools and examine the effect of various reservoir properties and operating conditions thereon. In particular, we study the effect of the in-situ gas in formation of mixed-gas hydrates; the effect of rise in temperature as a result of the exothermic reaction of hydrate formation; the effect of initial reservoir pressure, temperature, and porosity; and conditions for avoiding the deleterious formation of hydrate around the wellbore.
Adisasmito, S., Frank, R.J., and Sloan, E.D. 1991. Hydrates of CarbonDioxide and Methane Mixtures. J. Chem. Eng. Data 36 (1):68-71. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/je00001a020.
Anderson, G.K. 2003. Enthalpy of Dissociation and Hydration Number of CarbonDioxide Hydrate from the Clapeyron Equation. The Journal of ChemicalThermodynamics 35 (7): 1171-1183. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0021-9614(03)00093-4.
Ballard, A.L. and Sloan, E.D. 2004. The Next Generation of HydratePrediction: Part III. Gibbs Energy Minimization Formalism. Fluid PhaseEquilib. 218 (1): 15-31. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fluid.2003.08.005.
Brewer, P.G., Friederich, G., Peltzer, E.T., and Orr, F.M. Jr. 1999.Direct Experiments on the Ocean Disposal of Fossil Fuel CO2.Science 284 (5416): 943-945. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.284.5416.943.
Buffett, B. and Zatsepina, O. 2004. Research on Mixed Gas HydrateEquilibrium. Technical Report, Institute for Energy Utilization, NationalInstitute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Ibaraki,Japan.
Burrowes, A., Marsh, R., Ramdin, N., et al. 2001. Alberta's Energy Reserves2000 and Supply/Demand Outlook 2000-2010. Annual report (CD-ROM), StatisticalSeries 2001-98, Alberta Energy and Utilities Board, Calgary, Alberta. http://www.ercb.ca/docs/products/STs/ST98-2001.pdf.
Clarke, M.A. and Bishnoi, P.R. 2004. Determination of the Intrinsic RateConstant and Activation Energy of CO2 Gas Hydrate DecompositionUsing In-Situ Particle Size Analysis. Chem. Eng. Sci. 59(14): 2983-2993. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ces.2004.04.030.
Clarke, M.A. and Bishnoi, P.R. 2005. Determination of the Intrinsic Kineticsof CO2 Gas Hydrate Formation Using In-Situ Particle Size Analysis.Chem. Eng. Sci. 60 (3): 695-709. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ces.2004.08.040.
CMG. 2008. STARS: Steam, Thermal and Advanced Processes Reservoir Simulator.Calgary, Alberta: Computer Modelling Group. http://www.cmgroup.com/software/stars.htm.
Côté, M.M. and Wright, F. 2010. Geological Potential for Sequestration ofCO2 as Gas Hydrate in the Alberta Portion of the Western CanadaSedimentary Basin. Paper SPE 138121 presented at the Canadian UnconventionalResources and International Petroleum Conference, Calgary, 19-21 October. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/138121-MS.
Gunter, W.D., Bachu, S., and Benson, S.M. 2004. The Role ofHydrogeological and Geochemical Trapping in Sedimentary Basins for SecureGeological Storage for Carbon Dioxide. In Geological Storage of CarbonDioxide, ed. S.J. Baines and R.H. Worden, No. 233, 129-145. Bath, UK:Special Publication, Geological Society Publishing House.
Gupta, A., Lachance, J., Sloan Jr, E.D., and Koh, C.A. 2008.Measurements of Methane Hydrate Heat of Dissociation Using High PressureDifferential Scanning Calorimetry. Chem. Eng. Sci. 63 (24):5848-5853. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ces.2008.09.002.
Hassanzadeh, H., Pooladi-Darvish, M., and Keith, D.W. 2009.Accelerating CO2 Dissolution in Saline Aquifers for GeologicalStorage--Mechanistic and Sensitivity Studies. Energy Fuels 23 (6): 3328-3336. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ef900125m.
Hong, H. and Pooladi-Darvish, M. 2005. Simulation of Depressurization forGas Production from Gas Hydrate Reservoirs. J Can Pet Technol 44 (11): 39-46.
Hong, H., Pooladi-Darvish, M., and Bishnoi, P.R. 2003. AnalyticalModelling of Gas Production From Hydrates in Porous Media. J Can PetTechnol 42 (11): 45-56. JCPT Paper No. 03-11-05. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/03-11-05.
House, K.Z., Schrag, D.P., Harvey, C.F., and Lackner, K.S. 2006.Permanent Carbon Dioxide Storage in Deep-Sea Sediments. PNAS 103 (33): 12291-12295. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0605318103.
Kamata, Y., Takeya, S., Ebinuma, T., et al. 2002. Pressure and Structure ofCH4+CO2 Mixture Gas Hydrate Formation. Proc., 4thInternational Conference on Gas Hydrates (ICGH-4), Yokohama, Japan, 19-23 May,636-639.
Kim, H.C., Bishnoi, P.R., Heidemann, R.A., and Rizvi, S.S.H. 1987.Kinetics of Methane Hydrate Decomposition. Chem. Eng. Sci. 42 (7): 1645-1653. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0009-2509(87)80169-0.
Koide, H., Takahashi, M., Tsukamoto, H., and Shindo, Y. 1995.Self-Trapping Mechanisms of Carbon Dioxide in the Aquifer Disposal. EnergyConvers. Manage. 36 (6-9): 505-508. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0196-8904(95)00054-h.
Konno, Y., Masuda, Y., Hariguchi, Y., Kurihara, M., and Ouchi, H.2010. Key Factors for Depressurization-Induced Gas Production from OceanicMethane Hydrates. Energy Fuels 24 (3): 1736-1744. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ef901115h.
Kowalsky, M.B. and Moridis, G.J. 2007. Comparison of Kinetic and EquilibriumReaction Models in Simulating Gas Hydrate Behavior in Porous Media. EnergyConvers. Manage. 48 (6): 1850-1863. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2007.01.017.
Kumar, A., Maini, B., Bishnoi, P.R., Clarke, M., Zatsepina, O., and Srinivasan, S. 2010. Experimental Determination of Permeability in the Presenceof Hydrates and its Effect on the Dissociation Characteristics of Gas Hydratesin Porous Media. J. Pet. Sci. Eng. 70 (1-2): 114-122. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.petrol.2009.10.005.
Lee, H., Seo, Y., Seo, Y.-T., Moudrakovski, I.L., and Ripmeester, J.A.2003. Recovering Methane from Solid Methane Hydrate with Carbon Dioxide.Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 42 (41): 5048-5051. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/anie.200351489.
Ota, M., Saito, T., Aida, T., et al. 2007. Macro and MicroscopicCH4-CO2 Replacement in CH4 Hydrate UnderPressurized CO2. AIChE J. 53 (10): 2715-2721. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/aic.11294.
Parrish, W.R. and Prausnitz, J.M. 1972. Dissociation Pressures of GasHydrates Formed by Gas Mixtures. Ind. Eng. Chem. Process Des. Dev. 11 (1): 26-35. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/i260041a006.
Pooladi-Darvish, M. 2004. Gas Production from Hydrate Reservoirs and itsModeling. J Pet Technol 56 (6): Distinguished AuthorSeries, 65-71. SPE-86827-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/86827-MS.
Rovetto, L.J., Bowler, K.E., Stadterman, L.L., Dec, S.F., Koh, C.A.,and Sloan Jr, E.D. 2007. Dissociation Studies ofCH4-C2H6 and CH4-CO2Binary Gas Hydrates. Fluid Phase Equilib. 261 (1-2):407-413. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fluid.2007.08.003.
Sun, X. and Mohanty, K.K. 2006. Kinetic Simulation of Methane HydrateFormation and Dissociation in Porous Media. Chem. Eng. Sci. 61 (11): 3476-3496. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ces.2005.12.017.
Uchida, T., Ikeda, I.Y., Takeya, S., et al. 2005. Kinetics and Stability ofCH4-CO2 Mixed Gas Hydrates During Formation and Long-TermStorage. ChemPhysChem 6 (4): 646-654. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cphc.200400364.
Uddin, M., Coombe, D., and Wright, F. 2008a. Modeling ofCO2-Hydrate Formation in Geological Reservoirs by Injection ofCO2 Gas. J. Energy Resour. Technol. 130 (3):032502-11. http://dx.doi.org/10.1115/1.2956979.
Uddin, M., Coombe, D., Law, D., and Gunter, B. 2008b. NumericalStudies of Gas Hydrate Formation and Decomposition in a Geological Reservoir.J. Energy Resour. Technol. 130 (3): 032501-14. http://dx.doi.org/10.1115/1.2956978.
West, O.R., Tsouris, C., Lee, S., McCallum, S.D., and Liang, L. 2003.Negatively Buoyant CO2-Hydrate Composite for Ocean CarbonSequestration. AIChE J. 49 (1): 283-285. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/aic.690490127.
White, M.D. and McGrail, B.P. 2008. Numerical Simulation of Methane HydrateProduction from Geologic Formations via Carbon Dioxide Injection. Paper OTC19458 presented at the Offshore Technology Conference, Houston, 5-8 May. http://dx.doi.org/10.4043/19458-MS.
Wilder, J., Moridis, G., Wilson, S., et al. 2008. An International Effort toCompare Gas Hydrate Reservoir Simulators. Paper presented at the 6thInternational Conference on Gas Hydrates (ICGH 2008), Vancouver, BritishColumbia, Canada, 6-10 July.
Wright, J.F., Côté, M.M., and Dallimore, S. 2008. Overview of RegionalOpportunities for Geological Sequestration of CO2 as Gas Hydrate inCanada. Paper presented at the 6th International Conference on Gas Hydrates(ICGH 2008), Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, 6-10 July.
Zatsepina, O.Y. and Buffett, B.A. 2002. Nucleation of CO2-Hydratein a Porous Medium. Fluid Phase Equilib. 200 (2): 263-275.http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0378-3812(02)00032-8.
Not finding what you're looking for? Some of the OnePetro partner societies have developed subject- specific wikis that may help.
The SEG Wiki
The SEG Wiki is a useful collection of information for working geophysicists, educators, and students in the field of geophysics. The initial content has been derived from : Robert E. Sheriff's Encyclopedic Dictionary of Applied Geophysics, fourth edition.