- Boolean operators
- This OR that
This AND that
This NOT that
- Must include "This" and "That"
- This That
- Must not include "That"
- This -That
- "This" is optional
- This +That
- Exact phrase "This That"
- "This That"
- (this AND that) OR (that AND other)
- Specifying fields
- publisher:"Publisher Name"
author:(Smith OR Jones)
Behavior of Depressurization in Type III Hydrate Reservoirs
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- Amir Shahbazi (Computer Modelling Group) | Mehran Pooladi-Darvish (IHS Fekete Reservoir Solutions)
- Document ID
- SPE Journal
- 191 - 205
- Publication Date
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 2013. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 31 in the last 30 days
- 92 since 2007
Hydrate reservoirs have been categorized as Types I, II, and III: Type I hasunderlying free gas, Type II has underlying free water, and Type III issandwiched by impermeable formations (i.e., there is no underlying mobile phasebeneath the hydrate layer). The updip portion of the Mount Elbert prospect inAlaska is one example of a Type III hydrate reservoir. Depressurization in TypeIII reservoirs is characterized by difficulty in reducing pressure over a largeregion because of limited available surface area for decomposition and lowpermeability in the hydrate. This is unlike the case in Type I and IIreservoirs, where pressure could be reduced across a large surface area betweenthe hydrate and the underlying free phase. A 3D numerical model incorporatingheat and fluid flow, along with kinetics of decomposition and (re)formation ofhydrate and ice, is developed in this paper. Next, the solution behavior ofType III hydrate reservoirs in response to application of the depressurizationtechnique is studied, with the goal of understanding the interactions betweenfluid and heat flow and their effects on the decomposition region. This isachieved by exploring for 1D similarity solutions in Type III reservoirs. (Asimilarity solution of a PDE is a solution that depends on one variable whichitself is made up of the individual independent variables that the PDE dependedon). The results of this study indicate that the behavior of Type IIIreservoirs is sometimes close to that of diffusion problems, suggesting that asimilarity solution exists. This has also been shown to be the case in theliterature. However, under some other conditions, for the first time it isshown that the solution to this problem is also identical to a traveling-wavesolution, which could offer another type of similarity solution often observedin diffusive/reactive problems that exhibit frontal behavior and sharpgradients. (The traveling-wave solution or convective similarity solution is atype of similarity solution in which the similarity variable is x - vt,with v being the constant characteristic speed. This type of solutionexists for the problems in which the profiles of the dependent variables, suchas pressure or saturation, advance in time in the form of traveling waveswithout changing shape and velocity.) Conditions leading to development ofthese two types of similarity solutions are identified. The contribution ofthis work is in identifying the different solution regimes in Type III hydratereservoirs. This improved understanding could lead to simplifying the modelingof the nonlinear mechanisms involved in the process of gas production fromhydrates.
Aavatsmark, I., Barkve, T. and Mannseth, T. 1998. Control-VolumeDiscretization Methods for 3D Quadrilateral Grids in Inhomogeneous, AnisotropicReservoirs. SPE J. 3 (2): 146-154. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/38000-PA.
Abou-Kassem, J.H. and Aziz, K. 1985. Handling of Phase Change in ThermalSimulators. J. Pet. Tech. 37 (9): 1661-1663. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/13015-PA.
Anderson, B.J., Wilder, J., Kurihara, M., et al. 2008. Analysis of ModularDynamic Formation Test Results from the Mount Elbert Stratigraphic Test Well,Milne Point, Alaska. Oral presentation given at the 6th InternationalConference on Gas Hydrates, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, 6-10 July.
Brooks, R.H. and Corey, A.T. 1964. Hydraulic Properties of Porous Media:Hydrology Papers, No. 3, Colorado State University, Boulder, Colorado.
Bumb, A. C. and Mckee, C.R. 1988. Gas-Well Testing in the Presence ofDesorption for Coalbed Methane and Devonian Shale. SPE Form Eval. 3 (1):179-185. http://dx.doi/org/10.2118/15227-PA.
Cao, H. 2002. Development of Techniques for General Purpose Simulators. PhDdissertation, Stanford University, Stanford, California (2002).
Chechilo, K.M., Khvilivitskii, R.Y.A. and Enikolopyan, N.S. 1972. Phenomenonof Polymerisation Reaction Spreading. Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 205: 1180-1181.
Chekanov, Y., Arrington, D., Brust, G., et al. 1997. Frontal Curing of EpoxyResins: Comparison of Mechanical and Thermal Properties to Batch-CuredMaterials. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 66 (6): 1209-1216.http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-4628(19971107)66:6<1209::AID-APP20>3.0.CO;2-V.
Clarke, M.A. and Bishnoi, P.R. 2001. Measuring and Modelling the Rate ofDecomposition of Gas Hydrates Formed from Mixtures of Methane and Ethane.Chem. Eng. Sci. 56 (16): 4715-4724. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0009-2509(01)00135-X.
Coats, K.H., Thomas, L.K. and Pierson, R.G. 1995. Compositional andBlack-Oil Reservoir Simulation. Paper SPE 29111 presented at the SPE ReservoirSimulation Symposium, San Antonio, Texas, 12-15 February. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/29111-MS.
Colwell, F., Matsumoto, R. and Reed, D. 2004. A Review of the Gas Hydrates,Geology, and Biology of the Nankai Trough. Chem. Geol. 205(3-4): 391-404. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemgeo.2003.12.023.
Gerami, S. and Pooladi-Darvish, M. 2006. Material Balance andBoundary-Dominated Flow Models for Hydrate-Capped Gas Reservoirs. Paper SPE102234 presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, SanAntonio, Texas, 24-27 September. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/102234-MS.
Gerami, S. and Pooladi-Darvish, M. 2007. Effect of Hydrates on SustainingReservoir Pressure in a Hydrate-Capped Gas Reservoir. J. Cdn. Pet. Tech.46 (10): 39-48. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/07-10-04.
Gerami, S. and Pooladi-Darvish, M. 2009. An Early-Time Model for DrawdownTesting of a Hydrate-Capped Gas Reservoir. SPE Res Eval & Eng 12 (4): 595-609. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/108971-PA.
Golovaty, D. 2007. On Step-Function Reaction Kinetics Model in the Absenceof Material Diffusion. SIAM J. Appl. Math. 67 (3): 792-809.http://www.jstor.org/stable/40233416.
Gringarten, A.C., Daungkaew, S. and Hollaender, F. 2000. Frequently AskedQuestions in Well Test Analysis. Paper SPE 63077 presented at the SPE AnnualTechnical Conference and Exhibition, Dallas, Texas, 1-4 October. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/63077-MS.
Hong, H. 2003. Modeling of Gas Production from Hydrates in Porous Media. MScthesis, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada (2003).
Hong, H. and Pooladi-Darvish, M. 2005b. Numerical Study of Constant Rate GasProduction from In-Situ Methane Hydrate by Depressurizations. Bull. Geol.Surv. Can. 585.
Hong, H. and Pooladi-Darvish, M. 2005a. Simulation of Depressurization forGas Production from Gas Hydrate Reservoirs. J. Cdn. Pet. Tech. 44 (11): 39-46. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/05-11-03.
Kamath, V.A. and Holder, G.D. 1987. Dissociation Heat TransferCharacteristics of Methane Hydrates. AIChE J. 33 (2):347-350. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/aic.690330228.
Kim, H.C., Bishnoi, P.R., Heidemann, R.A., et al. 1987. Kinetics of MethaneHydrate Decomposition. Chem. Eng. Sci. 42 (7): 1645-1653.http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0009-2509(87)80169-0.
Kurihara, M., Sato, A., Ouchi, H., et al. 2010. SS Gas Hydrate: Predictionof Production Test Performances in Eastern Nankai Trough Methane HydrateReservoirs Using 3D Reservoir Model. Paper SPE 20737 presented at OffshoreTechnology Conference, Houston, Texas, 3-6 May. http://dx.doi.org/10.4043/20737-MS.
Lake, L.W. 1989. Enhanced Oil Recovery. Upper Saddle River, NewJersey: Prentice-Hall, Inc.
Masuda, Y.S., Naganawa, S., Ando, S., et al. 1997. Numerical Calculation ofGas Hydrate Production Performance from Reservoirs Containing Natural GasHydrates. Paper presented at the SPE Asia Pacific Oil and Gas Conference, KualaLumpur, Malaysia, 14-16 April.
Moridis, G.J. 2002. Numerical Studies of Gas Production From MethaneHydrates. Paper SPE 75691 presented at the SPE Gas Technology Symposium,Calgary, Alberta, Canada, 30 April-May 2. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/75691-MS.
Moridis, G.J. and Collett, T.S. 2003. Strategies for Gas Production fromHydrate Accumulations under Various Geological and Reservoir Conditions. Oralpresentation given at the TOUGH Symposium, Lawrence Berkeley NationalLaboratory, Berkeley, California, 12-14 May.
Moridis, G. and Reagan, M. 2007. Similarity Solution for Gas Production FromDissociating Hydrates in Geologic Media. Oral presentation given at theAmerican Geophysical Union fall meeting, San Francisco, California, 10-14December.
Moridis, G.J. and Reagan, M.T. 2007. Strategies for Gas Production fromOceanic Class 3 Hydrate Accumulation. Paper SPE 18865 presented at the OffshoreTechnology Conference, Houston, Texas, 30 April-3 May. http://dx.doi.org/10.4043/18865-MS.
Moridis, G.J., Kowalsky, M. and Pruess, K. 2008. Depressurization-InducedGas Production from Class 1 Hydrate Deposits. SPE Res Eval & Eng 10 (5): 458-488. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/97266-PA.
Moridis, G.J., Silpngarmlert, S., Reagan, M.T., et al. 2011. Gas Productionfrom the Unit D Class 3 Hydrate Deposit at the Mount Elbert Site, North Slope,Alaska. Mar. Pet. Geol. 28 (2): 517-534. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2010.01.005.
Moridis, G.J., Sollett, T.S., Boswell, R., et al. 2009. Toward Productionfrom Gas Hydrates: Current Status, Assessment of Resources, andSimulation-Based Evaluation of Technology and Potential. SPE Res Eval &Eng 12 (5): 745-771. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/114163-PA.
Parker, J.C., Lenhard, R.J. and Kuppusamy, T. 1987. A Parametric Model forConstitutive Properties Governing Multiphase Flow in Porous Media. WaterResour. Res. 23 (4): 618-624. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/WR023i004p00618.
Peaceman, D.W. 1978. Interpretation of Well-Block Pressures in NumericalReservoir Simulation. SPE J. 18 (3): 183-194. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/6893-PA.
Pooladi-Darvish, M. and Hong, H. 2011. Use of Formation Pressure TestResults Over a Hydrate Interval for Long-Term Production Forecasting at theMount Elbert Gas Hydrate Stratigraphic Test Well, Alaska North Slope:Implications of Uncertainties. Mar. Pet. Geol. 28 (2):535-545. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2010.01.006.
Reagan, M.T., Moridis, G.J. and K. Zhang. 2008. Sensitivity Analysis of GasProduction from Class 2 and Class 3 Hydrate Deposits. Paper SPE 19554 presentedat the Offshore Technology Conference, Houston, Texas, 5-8 May. http://dx.doi.org/10.4043/19554-MS.
Shahbazi, A. 2010. Mathematical Modeling of Gas Production from Gas HydrateReservoirs, PhD dissertation, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada(2010).
Shahbazi, A. and Pooladi-Darvish, M. 2009. Ice Formation during GasHydrate Decomposition. Oral presentation given at the 8th World Congress ofChemical Engineering, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, 23-27 August.
Shahbazi, A. and Pooladi-Darvish, M. 2011. Application of Operator SplittingTechnique in Numerical Simulation of Gas-Hydrate Reservoirs. Paper SPE 141032presented at the SPE Reservoir Simulation Symposium, The Woodlands, Texas,21-23 February. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/141032-MS.
Shahbazi, A., Pooladi-Darvish, M. and Hassanzadeh, H. 2008. Coarse GridNumerical Simulation of Reaction Kinetics Model in the Gas Hydrate Reservoirs.Oral presentation given at the 6th International Conference on Gas Hydrates,Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, 6-10 July.
Sloan, E.D. 1998. Clathrate Hydrates of Natural Gases, secondedition. Monticello, New York: Marcel Dekker.
Sun, X. and Mohanty, K.K. 2006. Kinetic Simulation of Methane HydrateFormation and Dissociation in Porous Media. J. Chem. Eng. Sci. 61 (11): 3476-3496. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ces.2005.12.017.
Sun, X. and Mohanty, K.K. 2005. Simulation of Methane Hydrate Reservoirs.Paper SPE 93015 presented at the SPE Reservoir Simulation Symposium, Houston,Texas, 31 January-2 February.
Uddin, M., Coombe, D.A., Law, D.A., et al. 2006. Numerical Studies ofGas-Hydrates Formation and Decomposition in a Geological Reservoir. Paper SPE100460 presented at the SPE Gas Technology Symposium, Calgary, Alberta, Canada,15-17 May. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/100460-MS.
Van Genuchten, M.T. 1980. A Closed-Form Equation for Predicting theHydraulic Conductivity of Unsaturated Soils. Soil. Sci. Soc. Am. J. 44 (5): 892-898. http://dx.doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1980.03615995004400050002x.
Verma, S. and Aziz, K. 1997. A Control Volume Scheme for Flexible Grids inReservoir Simulation. Paper SPE 37999 presented at the SPE Reservoir SimulationSymposium, Dallas, Texas, 8-11 June. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/37999-MS.
Volpert, A.I., Volpert, V. and Volpert, V. A. 2000. Traveling WaveSolutions of Parabolic Systems (Translations of Mathematical Monographs),trans. J. F. Heyda. Providence, Rhode Island: American MathematicalSociety.
Wattenbarger, R.A., El-Banbi, A.H., Villegas, M.E., et al. 1998. ProductionAnalysis of Linear Flow Into Fractured Tight Gas Wells. Paper SPE 39931presented at the SPE Rocky Mountain Regional/Low-Permeability ReservoirsSymposium, Denver, Colorado, 5-8 April. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/39931-MS.
Zatsepina, O., Hong, H. and Pooladi-Darvish, M. 2008. Behavior of GasProduction from Type III Hydrate Reservoirs. Oral presentation given at the 6thInternational Conference on Gas Hydrates, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada,6-10 July.
Zeldovich, Y.B. 1951. Theory of Flame Propagation. National AdvisoryCommittee Aeronautics Technical Memorandum No. 1282.
Zeldovich, Ya.B. 1985. The Mathematical Theory of Combustion andExplosions. New York City, New York: Consultants Bureau.
Not finding what you're looking for? Some of the OnePetro partner societies have developed subject- specific wikis that may help.
The SEG Wiki
The SEG Wiki is a useful collection of information for working geophysicists, educators, and students in the field of geophysics. The initial content has been derived from : Robert E. Sheriff's Encyclopedic Dictionary of Applied Geophysics, fourth edition.