Effect of Live Crude on Alkaline/Surfactant Polymer Formulations: Implications for Final Formulation Design
- Jeffrey G. Southwick (Shell International Exploration & Production) | Yi Svec (Shell International Exploration & Production) | Greg Chilek (Shell International Exploration & Production) | Gordon T. Shahin (Shell International Exploration & Production)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Journal
- Publication Date
- June 2012
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 352 - 361
- 2012. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 2.5.2 Fracturing Materials (Fluids, Proppant), 4.6 Natural Gas, 5.3.2 Multiphase Flow, 5.2.1 Phase Behavior and PVT Measurements
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- 713 since 2007
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Phase-behavior experiments have identified several surfactant systems that develop high solubilization ratios and low interfacial tension (IFT) with a specific dead paraffinic crude oil at specific salinities.
The purpose of this work is to test these surfactant systems with reconstituted live crude. Emulsion-screening tests were performed in sight cells where an equilibrium amount of solution gas is dissolved in the crude at reservoir pressure (1,100 psi). The results indicate that the surfactant is relatively more soluble in the oil phase under these conditions. Thus, a formulated chemical slug for field conditions should contain either less salinity or a more hydrophilic surfactant system than that used in formulations with dead crude. Phase-behavior measurements estimate this offset to be approximately 0.25% less NaCl for the particular live crude in this study. The relevance of this offset is shown by comparing the results of dead-crude corefloods with a live-crude coreflood. A control experiment pressurizing oil with nitrogen at the same condition, 1,100 psi, did not show enhanced relative surfactant solubility in the oil phase.
|File Size||9 MB||Number of Pages||10|
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