Downhole Measurement and Monitoring Lead to an Enhanced Understanding of Drilling Vibrations and Polycrystalline Diamond Compact Bit Damage
- Leroy W. Ledgerwood III (Baker Hughes) | Jayesh R. Jain (Baker Hughes) | Olivier J. Hoffmann (Baker Hughes) | Reed W. Spencer (Baker Hughes)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Drilling & Completion
- Publication Date
- July 2013
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 254 - 262
- 2013. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 1.6 Drilling Operations, 1.5 Drill Bits, 1.10 Drilling Equipment, 1.12.1 Measurement While Drilling, 5.3.4 Integration of geomechanics in models
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- 719 since 2007
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Since backward whirl was discovered as a severe cause of polycrystallinediamond compact (PDC) bit failure, the oil and gas industry has made greatstrides toward creating whirl-resistant bits and operating practices. But iswhirl still the major cause of PDC bit damage in conventional rotaryapplications? This paper reports on a recent field study in which downholevibrations were measured by use of a newly available in-bitvibration-monitoring device. The focus of this study was to understand theprimary source of bit damage. In addition, four wells were also drilled by useof a research drilling rig in Oklahoma. In these tests, the PDC bits,bottomhole assemblies (BHAs), and operating parameters were varied to documenttheir effect on downhole vibrations. In these four wells, vibrationmeasurements from the new in-bit measuring device were validated against acommercially available and industry-proven measurement-while-drilling (MWD)vibration-monitoring service. The results of this study indicate that the mostcommon field vibration in hard-rock vertical conventional rotary drilling isstick/slip, not whirl. In field tests, stick/slip was observed almostexclusively. For typical field applications with a surface rotary speed ofapproximately 70 rpm, the team measured a peak downhole rpm as high as 500during the slip phase. Stick/slip was identified as the primary cause of bitdamage in these applications. Lateral vibration occurring during the slip phasecorrelated well with the observed damage and is proposed as a new mode ofdamage during stick/slip. The characterization of the lateral vibrationscoupled with stick/slip is presented on the basis of downhole measurements.
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