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CO2-Storage Capacity--Combining Geology, Engineering and Economics
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- W. G. Allinson (The University of New South Wales) | Yildiray Cinar (The University of New South Wales) | Peter R. Neal (The University of New South Wales) | John Kaldi (University of Adelaide) | Lincoln Paterson (CO2CRC and CSIRO Earth Science and Resource Engineering)
- Document ID
- SPE Economics & Management
- 15 - 17
- Publication Date
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 2014.Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 6.7.6 Reserve Classification, 6 Reservoir Description and Dynamics, 6.7 Reserves Evaluation, 6.11 Reservoir Engineering of Subsurface Storage, 6.11.1 CO2 Sequestration
- CO2 storage, CO2 capacity estimation, CO2 injection economics, CO2 injection engineering, CO2 injection
- 36 in the last 30 days
- 138 since 2007
This paper argues that any carbon dioxide (CO2) capacity-estimation method requires a combination of geological, engineering, and economic analyses to provide rigorous capacity estimates. It also argues that the classification of capacity estimates should follow concepts in the existing SPE Petroleum Resource Management System (PRMS) (SPE 2007) as closely as possible. The paper takes the discussion of CO2-storage capacity significantly further. It also aligns storage-capacity definitions more closely to the widely accepted PRMS. Numerous authors and organizations have proposed CO2-capacity classification and calculation systems. In most of them, there is a definition of CO2-storage capacity that is intended to parallel the definition of petroleum reserves—namely, the volume of hydrocarbons that can be commercially recovered from known accumulations from a given date. However, each of the proposed systems applies economics only at the highest classifications of their systems. This is attributed to the infancy of the carbon-capture-and-storage (CCS) industry and/or the lack of a carbon price. However, in this paper, we demonstrate how economics combined with analytical and numerical injectivity modeling on the basis of geological models of the subsurface can help determine practical storage capacity. In doing this, the paper makes observations about methods for estimating storage capacity, shows results of reservoir simulations and economic analyses, draws on SPE and internationally accepted methodologies and definitions of petroleum resources, and discusses how equivalent definitions can be applied to storage capacity. Finally, the paper provides recommendations for an improved CO2-storage-capacity classification system.
Allinson, W.G., Cinar, Y., Neal, P.R. et al. 2010. CO2 Storage Capacity —Combining Geology, Engineering, and Economics. Paper SPE 133804 presented at the 2010 SPE Asia Pacific Oil and Gas Conference and Exhibition, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia, 18–20 October. Reported in the J. Pet Tech 66 (7): (2011) 109–111. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/133804-PA.
Bachu, S. 2008. “Comparison Between Methodologies Recommended for Estimation of CO2 Storage Capacity in Geological Media,” Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum, Phase III Report.
Bachu, S., Bonijoly, D., Bradshaw, J. et al. 2007. CO2 Storage Capacity Estimation: Methodology and Gaps. Int. J. GHG Control 1 (4): 430–443.
Bennion, D.B and Bachu, S. 2008. Drainage and Imbibition Relative Permeability Relationships for Supercritical CO2/Brine and H2S/Brine Systems in Intergranular Sandstone, Carbonate, Shale, and Anhydrite Rocks. SPE Res. Eval. Eng. 11 (3): 487–496. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/99326-PA.
Bourcier, W.L., Wolery, T.J., Wolfe, T. et al. 2011. A Preliminary Cost and Engineering Estimate for Desalinating Produced Formation Water Associated With Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage. Int. J. GHG Control 5 (5): 1319–1328.
Bradshaw, B.E. 2009. “Queensland Carbon Dioxide Geological Storage Atlas.” Prepared by Greenhouse Gas Storage Solutions for the Queensland Government, Australia.
Bradshaw, J., Bachu, S., Bonijoly, D. et al. 2007. CO2 Storage Capacity Estimation: Issues and Development of Standards. Int. J. GHG Control 1 (1): 62–68.
Burruss, R.C., Brennan, S.T., and US Department of the Interior. 2009. “Development of a Probabilistic Assessment Methodology for Evaluation of Carbon Dioxide Storage,” US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009–1035.
Cavanagh, A.J., Haszeldine, R.S., and Blunt, M.J. 2010. Open or Closed: A Discussion of the Mistaken Assumptions in the Economides Analysis of Carbon Sequestration. J. Petro. Sci. Eng. 74 (1–2): 107–110.
Chadwick, A., Smith, D., Hodrien, C. et al. 2010. “The Realities of Storing Carbon Dioxide: A Response to CO2 Storage Capacity Issues Raised by Ehlig-Economides and Economides, The Zero Emissions Platform (ZEP). http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/npre.2010.4500.1.
Cinar, Y., Bukhteeva, O., Neal, P.R. et al. 2008. Carbon Dioxide Storage in Low-Permeability Formations. Paper SPE 114028 presented at the 2008 SPE Improved Oil Recovery Symposium, Tulsa, Oklahoma, 19–23 April. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/114028-MS.
DOE. 2008. “Carbon Sequestration Atlas of the United States and Canada,” National Energy Technology Laboratory Office of Fossil Fuel, US Department of Energy.
Eccles, J.K., Pratson, L., Newell, R.G. et al. 2012. The Impact of Geologic Variability on Capacity and Cost Estimates for Storing CO2 in Deep-Saline Aquifers. Energy Economics 34 (5): 1569−1579. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eneco.2011.11.015.
Economides, M.J. and Ehlig-Economides, C.A. 2009. Sequestering Carbon Dioxide in a Closed Underground Volume. Paper SPE 124430presented at the 2009 SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, New Orleans, Louisiana, 4–7 October. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/124430-MS.
Ehlig-Economides, C. and Economides, M.J. 2010. Sequestering Carbon Dioxide in a Closed Underground Volume. J. Petro. Sci. Eng. 70 (1–2): 123–130.
Flett, M., Beacher, G., Brantjes, J. et al. 2008. Gorgon Project: Subsurface Evaluation of Carbon Dioxide Disposal Under Barrow Island. Paper SPE 116372 presented at the 2008 SPE Asia Pacific Oil and Gas Conference and Exhibition, Perth Australia, 20–22 October. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/116372-MS.
Frailey, S.M. and Finley, R.J. 2009. Classification of CO2 Geologic Storage: Resource and Capacity. Energy Procedia 1 (1): 2623–2630.
Frailey, S.M., Finley, R.J., and Hickman, T.S. 2006. CO2 Sequestration: Storage Capacity Guidelines Needed. Oil Gas J. 104 (30): 44–49.
Goodman, A., Hakala, A., Bromhal, G. et al. 2011. U.S. DOE Methodology for the Development of Geologic Storage Potential for Carbon Dioxide at the National and Regional Scale. Int. J. GHG Control 5: 952–965.
Gorecki, C.D., Sorensen, J.A., Bremer, J.M. et al. 2009a. “Development of Storage Coefficients for Carbon Dioxide Storage in Deep Saline Formations,” Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC), University of North Dakota. Report No. 2009-EERC-07–06.
Gorecki, C.D., Sorensen, J.A., Bremer, J.M. et al. 2009b. Development of Storage Coefficients for Determining the Effective CO2 Storage Resource in Deep Saline Formations. Paper SPE 126444 presented at the 2009 SPE International Conference on CO2 Capture, Storage and Utilization, San Diego, California, 2–4 November.
Kaldi, J. and Gibson-Poole, C.M. (Eds). 2008. “Storage Capacity Estimation, Site Selection and Characterization for CO2 Storage Projects,” Cooperative Research Centre for Greenhouse Gas Technologies, Canberra, Australia. CO2CRC Report RPT08–1001.
Kobos, P.H., Cappelle, M.A., Krumhansl, J.L. et al. 2011. Combining Power Plant Water Needs and Carbon Dioxide Storage Using Saline Formations: Implications for Carbon Dioxide and Water Management Policies. Int. J. GHG Control 5 (4): 899–910.
Lucier, A. and Zoback, M. 2008. Assessing the Economic Feasibility of Regional Deep Saline Aquifer CO2 Injection and Storage: A Geomechanics-Based Workflow Applied to the Rose Run Sandstone in Eastern Ohio, USA. Int. J. GHG Control 2 (2): 230–247.
Neal, P.R., Cinar, Y., and Allinson, W.G. 2011. The Economics of Pressure-Relief With CO2 Injection. Energy Procedia 4 (1): 4215−4220
Perrin, J.-C. and Benson, S. 2010. An Experimental Study on the Influence of Sub-Core Scale Heterogeneities on CO2 Distribution in Reservoir Rocks. Transport in Porous Media 82 (1): 93–109. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11242-009-9426-x.
Piessens, K. 2010. Personal communication.
Society of Petroleum Engineers. World Petroleum Council, American Association of Petroleum Geologists and Society of Petroleum Evaluation Engineers. 2007. “Petroleum Resources Management System.”
Van der Meer, L.G.H. and Egberts, P.J.P. 2008. A General Method for Calculating Subsurface CO2 Storage Capacity. Paper OTC 19309 presented at the 2008 Offshore Technology Conference, Houston, Texas, 5–8 May.
Yang, Q. 2008. Dynamic Modelling of CO2 Injection in a Closed Saline Aquifer in the Browse Basin, Western Australia. Paper SPE 115236 presented at the 2008 SPE Asia Pacific Oil and Gas Conference and Exhibition, Perth, Australia, 20–22 October. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/115236-MS.
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The SEG Wiki is a useful collection of information for working geophysicists, educators, and students in the field of geophysics. The initial content has been derived from : Robert E. Sheriff's Encyclopedic Dictionary of Applied Geophysics, fourth edition.