Simulating the ES-SAGD Process With Solvent Mixture in Athabasca Reservoirs
- X. Deng (Alberta Research Council) | H. Huang (Alberta Research Council) | L. Zhao (Alberta Research Council) | D.H.-S. Law (Alberta Research Council) | T.N. Nasr (Alberta Research Council)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- Journal of Canadian Petroleum Technology
- Publication Date
- January 2010
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 38 - 46
- 2010. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 5.3.9 Steam Assisted Gravity Drainage, 5.4.10 Microbial Methods, 5.8.3 Coal Seam Gas, 5.4 Enhanced Recovery, 5.5 Reservoir Simulation, 7.4.3 Market analysis /supply and demand forecasting/pricing, 4.3.4 Scale, 5.3.1 Flow in Porous Media, 5.8.5 Oil Sand, Oil Shale, Bitumen, 5.2.1 Phase Behavior and PVT Measurements, 4.1.2 Separation and Treating, 5.4.7 Chemical Flooding Methods (e.g., Polymer, Solvent, Nitrogen, Immiscible CO2, Surfactant, Vapex), 6.5.1 Air Emissions, 4.6 Natural Gas, 5.5.8 History Matching, 5.4.6 Thermal Methods, 6.5.2 Water use, produced water discharge and disposal, 3.3.6 Integrated Modeling
- ES-SAGD, steam-solvent combination
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The ES-SAGD process was developed to improve the energy and oil drainage efficiency of the SAGD process. The idea of the ES-SAGD process is to co-inject solvent with steam and the co-injected solvent mixes with the bitumen to further reduce the viscosity of the heated bitumen along the boundary of the steam chamber thus enhances the oil recovery. Practically, the co-injected solvent will be a solvent mixture (such as diluent /naphtha) because of its availability and reduced cost than a pure hydrocarbon. This paper reports the results of an ES-SAGD lab test conducted with steam and diluent co-injection using Athabasca bitumen. To simulate the ES-SAGD test, a pseudo-component scheme to represent the complex solvent mixture in the numerical model is derived, based on the diluent composition and measured PVT data. The behaviours and effects of the co-injected solvent in the ES-SAGD process are analyzed through detailed history matching of the ES-SAGD test. Numerical sensitivity analyses are also performed to investigate the effects of some key parameters in the numerical approach.
The Steam Assisted Gravity Drainage (SAGD)(1) and the Vapour Extraction (VAPEX)(2), combined with the horizontal well technology, are being developed to recover the enormous heavy oil and bitumen resources in Western Canada. The SAGD process has been successfully field-tested and is in the early stage of commercial-scale application, while the VAPEX process is still at the piloting stage. Both processes have their advantages and disadvantages. The advantage of the SAGD process is its high oil production rate. However, the high production rate of the SAGD process is associated with intensive energy consumption and CO2 emissions from burning natural gas to generate steam, and costly post-production water treatment. The VAPEX process, on the other hand, has the advantage of lower energy consumption and water usage, and therefore less CO2 emission and water treatment cost. However, the major drawbacks of the VAPEX process are its relatively lower oil production rate and the additional cost of solvent.
|File Size||2 MB||Number of Pages||9|
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