Improved Geosteering by Integrating in Real Time Images From Multiple Depths of Investigation and Inversion of Azimuthal Resistivity Signals
- Roland E. Chemali (Halliburton-Sperry Drilling Services) | Michael S. Bittar (Halliburton-Sperry Drilling Services) | Frode Hveding (Halliburton-Sperry Drilling Services) | Min Wu (Halliburton-Sperry Drilling Services) | Michael R. Dautel (Halliburton-Sperry Drilling Services)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Reservoir Evaluation & Engineering
- Publication Date
- April 2010
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 172 - 178
- 2010. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 1.6.6 Directional Drilling, 5.6.1 Open hole/cased hole log analysis, 2.4.3 Sand/Solids Control, 1.6.7 Geosteering / Reservoir Navigation, 4.1.5 Processing Equipment, 4.1.2 Separation and Treating, 1.6 Drilling Operations, 1.12.2 Logging While Drilling, 3.3.2 Borehole Imaging and Wellbore Seismic, 2.2.2 Perforating
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Optimal field development often entails placing the wells in prescribed locations within the reservoir. An error of a few meters in height above the oil/water contact or with respect to the roof may result in leaving behind a significant portion of the producible reserves. Driven by this key requirement, new technologies continue to emerge to help geologists, drillers, and reservoir engineers geosteer the wells. In recent years, two types of logging-while-drilling (LWD) information have been used. On one hand, wellbore imaging can determine when a well path has left the reservoir and the angle of exit. On the other hand, traditional axisymmetrical resistivity logs help to quantify the distance to an approaching boundary through inversion, but fail to tell its azimuth.
A newly deployed azimuthal deep resistivity instrument recognizes an approaching geological event before it intersects the well while continually imaging it at multiple depths of investigation. Of particular interest is the azimuth of approach with respect to the well path, advising in real time the most favorable change of direction. In addition, a series of transverse electromagnetic measurements specific to azimuthal resistivity, called geosignals, are presented. Geosignals help to quantify the distance and the rate of approach with great accuracy, before the actual intersection could occur. With this real-time information, geosteering engineers can remain at prescribed distances from important boundaries, including oil/water contacts and overlying shale roofs. Modeling and actual logs demonstrate that the new LWD instrument performs at its best when the reservoir is overlaid by shale. Modeling suggests, however, that suboptimal performance occurs in reservoirs with very resistive caprock, such as anhydrite.
|File Size||960 KB||Number of Pages||7|
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