Limitations of Current Method-of-Characteristics (MOC) Methods Using Shock-Jump Approximations To Predict MMPs for Complex Gas/Oil Displacements
- Kaveh Ahmadi (University of Texas at Austin) | Russell T. Johns (Pennsylvania State University) | Kristian Mogensen (Maersk Oil Qatar A/S) | Rashed Noman (Qatar Petroleum)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Journal
- Publication Date
- December 2011
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 743 - 750
- 2011. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 5.2 Fluid Characterization, 5.2.2 Fluid Modeling, Equations of State
- Miscibility, MMP, Mixing cell, MOC, Method of Characteristics
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- 524 since 2007
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An accurate minimum miscibility pressure (MMP) is one of the key factors in miscible-gasflood design. There is a variety of experimental and analytical methods to determine the MMP, but the most-reliable methods are slimtube experiments, 1D slimtube simulations, mixing-cell models, and the fast key-tie-line approach using the method of characteristics (MOC). Direct comparisons of all these methods generally agree well, but there are cases in which they do not. No explanation has yet been given for these anomalies, although the MMP is critically important to recovery.
The focus of this paper is to explain when current MOC results assuming that shocks exist from one key tie line to the next may not be reliable, and how to identify when this is the case. We demonstrate, using fluid characterizations from Middle East oils, that the MMPs using this MOC method can be more than 6.500 psia greater than those calculated using a recently developed mixing-cell method. The observed differences in the MMP increase substantially as the API gravity of the oil decreases, likely the result of the onset of L1-L2-V behavior. We show that the key tie lines determined using this MOC method do not control miscibility for such cases. We explain the reasons for these differences using simplified pseudoternary models and show how to determine when an error exists. We also offer a way to correct the MMP predictions using the MOC for these complex gas/oil displacements without solving for the complete compositional path.
|File Size||1 MB||Number of Pages||8|
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