CO2 Injection Performance in the Fruitland Coal Fairway, San Juan Basin: Results of a Field Pilot
- Anne Y. Oudinot (Advanced Resources International, Inc.) | George J. Koperna (Advanced Resources International, Inc.) | Zeno G. Philip (Halliburton) | Ning Liu (New Mexico Institute of Mining & Technology) | Jason E. Heath (New Mexico Institute of Mining & Technology) | Arthur Wells (US Department of Energy NETL) | Genevieve B.C. Young (BG Group) | Tom Wilson (West Virginia University)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Journal
- Publication Date
- December 2011
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 864 - 879
- 2011. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 5.6.5 Tracers, 5.8.3 Coal Seam Gas, 5.4 Enhanced Recovery, 1.6 Drilling Operations, 5.1.6 Near-Well and Vertical Seismic Profiles, 5.4.2 Gas Injection Methods, 4.3.4 Scale
- HSSE and social responsibility
- 7 in the last 30 days
- 926 since 2007
- Show more detail
- View rights & permissions
|SPE Member Price:||USD 10.00|
|SPE Non-Member Price:||USD 30.00|
The Pump Canyon CO2-enhanced coalbed methane (ECBM)/sequestration demonstration in New Mexico has the primary objective of demonstrating the feasibility of CO2 sequestration in deep, unmineable coal seams through a small-scale geologic sequestration pilot. This project is not the first of its kind; several small- or large-scale pilots were already conducted previously in the United States [Allison Unit (Reeves et al. 2003) in the San Juan, Appalachian, and Warrior basins] as well as internationally [the Recopol (Reeves and Oudinot 2002) project in Poland, and the Yubari project in Japan, Canada, and Australia]. Additional pilots are currently under way.
At the project site, a new CO2-injection well was drilled within an existing pattern of coalbed-methane-production wells. Primarily operated by ConocoPhillips, these wells produce from the Late Cretaceous Fruitland coals. CO2 injection into these coal seams was initiated in late July 2008 and ceased in August 2009. A variety of monitoring, verification, and accounting (MVA) methods were employed to track the movement of the CO2 in order to determine the occurrence of leakage. Within the injection well, MVA methods included continuous measurement of injection volumes, pressures, and temperatures. The offset production wells sampled gas-production rates, pressures, and gas composition through CO2 sensors, tracers in the injected CO2, time-lapse vertical seismic profiling, and surface tiltmeter arrays. A detailed study of the overlying Kirtland shale was also conducted to investigate the integrity of this primary caprock. This information was used to develop a detailed geologic characterization and reservoir model that has been used to further understand the behavior of this reservoir.
The CO2-injection pilot has ended with no significant CO2 buildup occurring in the offset production wells. However, a small but steady increase in CO2 and N2 at two of the offset wells may have been an indication of imminent breakthrough. More recent gas samples are, however, showing a decrease in CO2 and N2 content at those wells. This paper describes the project, covering the regulatory process and injection-well construction, the different techniques used to monitor for CO2 leakage, and the results of the modeling work.
|File Size||15 MB||Number of Pages||16|
Ayers, W.B.J. 2003. Coalbed Methane in the Fruitland Formation, San JuanBasin, Western United States: A Giant Unconventional Gas Play. In Giant Oiland Gas Fields of the Decade - 1990-99, ed. M.T. Halbouty, No. 78, 159-188.Tulsa, Oklahoma: AAPG Memoir, AAPG.
Bromhal, G., Sams, W.N., Jikish, S.A., Ertekin, T., and Smith, D.H. 2004.Simulation of the Effects of Shrinkage and Swelling on Coal Seam Sequestrationand Coal Bed Methane Production. Paper 0418 presented at the InternationalCoalbed Methane Symposium, Tuscaloosa, Alabama, USA, 3-7 May.
Davis, E., Astakhov, D., Du, J., Marsic, S., and Roadarmel, W. 2005.Application of Multi-Component Deformation Monitoring to CO2Sequestration. Presented at the Fourth Annual Conference on Carbon Capture andSequestration, Alexandria, Virginia, USA, 2-5 May.
Du, J., Brissenden, S.J., McGillivray, P., Bourne, S., Hofstra, P., Davis,E.J., Roadarmel, W.H., Wolhart, S.L., and Wright, C.A. 2005. Mapping Fluid Flowin a Reservoir Using Tiltmeter-Based Surface Deformation Measurements. PaperSPE 96897 presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition,Dallas, 9-12 October. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/96897-MS.
Du, J., Brissenden, S.J., McGillivray, P.R., et al. 2008. Mapping ReservoirVolume Changes During Cyclic Steam Stimulation Using Tiltmeter-BasedSurface-Deformation Measurements. SPE Res Eval & Eng 11(1): 63-72. SPE-97848-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/97848-PA.
Du, J., McColpin, G.R., Davis, E.J., and Marsic, S. 2010. ModelUncertainties and Resolution Studies With Application to Subsurface Movement ofa CO2 Injection Project in the Krechba Field Using InSAR Data. JCan Pet Technol 49 (6): 31-37. SPE-138968-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/138968-PA.
Du, J., Philip, Z., Warpinski, N.R. and Mayerhofer, M. 2009. SurfaceDeformation-based Reservoir Monitoring In Inhomogeneous Media. Paper 09-049presented at the 43rd U.S. Rock Mechanics Symposium & 4th U.S.- Canada RockMechanics Symposium, Asheville, North Carolina, USA, 28 June-1 July.
Fassett, J.E. and Hinds, J.S. 1971. Geology and Fuel Resources of theFruitland Formation and Kirtland Shale of the San Juan Basin, New Mexico andColorado. USGS Professional Paper 676, US Geological Survey, Washington,DC.
Gonzalez, R.J., Sultana, A., Oudinot, A.Y., and Reeves, S.R. 2006.Incorporating Geostatistical Methods with Monte Carlo Procedures for ModelingCoalbed Methane Reservoirs. Paper 0638 presented at the 2006 InternationalCoalbed Methane Symposium, Tuscaloosa, Alabama, USA, 22-26 May.
Harpalani, S. 2002. Potential Impact of CO2 Injection on Permeability ofCoal. Presented at the First International Forum on Geologic Sequestration ofCO2 in Deep, Unmineable Coal Seams, Houston, 14-15 March.
Heath, J., McPherson, B., Phillips, F., Cooper, S. and Dewersd, T.2009. Natural helium as a screening tool for assessing caprock imperfections atgeologic CO2 storage sites. Energy Procedia 1 (1):2903-2910. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2009.02.065.
Heath, J.E. 2010. Multi-Scale Petrography and Fluid Dynamics of CaprockSeals Associated with Geologic CO2 Storage. PhD dissertation, New MexicoInstitute of Mining and Technology, Socorro, New Mexico.
Heath, J.E., Dewers, T.A., McPherson, B.J.O.L., et al. 2011. Pore networksin continental and marine mudstones: Characteristics and controls on sealingbehavior. Geosphere 7 (2): 429-454.
Lin, W., Tang, G.-Q., and Kovscek, A.R. 2008. Sorption-InducedPermeability Change of Coal During Gas-Injection Processes. SPE Res Eval& Eng 11 (4): 792-802. SPE-109855-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/109855-PA.
Mavor, M.J. and Gunter, W.D. 2006. Secondary Porosity and Permeability ofCoal vs. Gas Composition and Pressure. SPE Res Eval & Eng 9 (2): 114-125. SPE-90255-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/90255-PA.
Maxwell, S.C., Du, J., Shemeta, J., Zimmer, U., Boroumand, N., and Griffin, L.G. 2007. Monitoring SAGD Steam Injection Using Microseismicity andTiltmeters. Paper SPE 110634 presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conferenceand Exhibition, Anaheim, California, USA, 11-14 November. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/110634-MS.
Palmer, I. and Mansoori, J. 1998. How Permeability Depends on Stress andPore Pressure in Coalbeds: A New Model. SPE Res Eval & Eng 1 (6): 539-544. SPE-52607-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/52607-PA.
Pekot, L.J. and Reeves, S.R. 2003. Modeling the Effects of Matrix Shrinkageand Differential Swelling on Coalbed Methane Recovery and Carbon Sequestration.Paper 0328 presented at the 2003 International Coalbed Methane Symposium,Tuscaloosa, Alabama, USA, 5-9 May.
Reeves, S. and Pekot, L. 2001. Advanced Reservoir Modeling InDesorption-Controlled Reservoirs. Paper SPE 71090 presented at the SPE RockyMountain Petroleum Technology Conference, Keystone, Colorado, 21-23 May. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/71090-MS.
Reeves, S., Taillefert, A., Pekot, L., and Clarkson, C. 2003. TheAllison Unit CO2--ECBM Pilot: A Reservoir Modeling Study. Topical Report,Contract No. DE-FC26-0NT40924, US DOE, Washington, DC (February 2003).
Reeves, S.R., and Oudinot, A. 2002. Reservoir Modeling for the Design of theRECOPOL CO2 Sequestration Project, Poland. Topical Report, DOEContract No. DE-FC26-00NT40924, US DOE, Washington, DC (June 2002).
Ripepi, N.S. 2009. Carbon Dioxide Storage in Coal Seams with EnhancedCoalbed Methane Recovery: Geologic Evaluation, Capacity Assessment and FieldValidation of the Central Appalachian Basin. PhD dissertation, VirginiaPolytechnic Institute & State University, Blacksburg, Virginia (3 August2009), 73-77.
Robertson, E.P. and Christiansen, R.L. 2007. Modeling LaboratoryPermeability in Coal Using Sorption-Induced Strain Data. SPE Res Eval &Eng 10 (3): 260-269. SPE-97068-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/97068-PA.
Saulsberry, J.L., Schafer, P.S., and Schraufnagel, R.A. ed. 1996. AGuide to Coalbed Methane Reservoir Engineering. Chicago, Illinois: GasResearch Institute.
Sawyer, W.K., Paul, G.W., and Schraufnagel, R.A. 1990. Development AndApplication Of A 3-D Coalbed Simulator. Paper CIM 90-119 presented at the CIMAnnual Technical Meeting, Calgary, Alberta, 10-13 June. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/90-119.
Seidle, J.R. and Huitt, L.G. 1995. Experimental Measurement of Coal MatrixShrinkage Due to Gas Desorption and Implications for Cleat PermeabilityIncreases. Paper SPE 30010 presented at the International Meeting on PetroleumEngineering, Beijing, 14-17 November. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/30010-MS.
Shi, J.-Q. and Durucan, S. 2005. A Model for Changes in Coalbed PermeabilityDuring Primary and Enhanced Methane Recovery. SPE Res Eval &Eng 8 (4): 291-299. SPE-87230-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/87230-PA.
Siriwardane, H., Smith, D.H., Gorucu, F.B., and Ertekin, T. 2006.Influence of Shrinkage and Swelling of Coal on Production of Coalbed Methaneand Sequestration of Carbon Dioxide. Paper SPE 102767 presented at the SPEAnnual Technical Conference and Exhibition, San Antonio, Texas, USA, 24-27September. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/102767-MS.
Walser, D.W., Astakhov, D.K., and Stanley, G.R. 2009. A New Method forVertical Leak Detection in Low to Moderate Permeability Flooded Reservoirs.SPE Res Eval & Eng 12 (5): 683-688. SPE-113076-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/113076-PA.
Weber, M.R., Wilson, T.H., Wells, A., Koperna, G., and Akwari, B. 2010. 3-Dseismic interpretation of the Fruitland Formation at the Southwest RegionalPartnership CO2 sequestration site San Juan Basin, New Mexico. Paper177837 presented at the 2010 GSA Denver Annual Meeting, Denver, 31 October-3November.
Wilson, T., Nutt, L., Smith, R., Gulati, J., Coueslan, M., Peters, D.,Wells, A., Hartline, C., Koperna, G., and Akwari, B. 2010. Pre- andpost-injection vertical seismic profiling over the Southwest RegionalPartnership's Phase II Fruitland Coal CO2 Pilot. Presented at theRocky Mountain AAPG Section Meeting, Durango, Colorado, USA, 13-16 June.
Wilson, T.H., Wells, A., and Koperna, G. 2009. Seismic Evaluation of theFruitland Formation with Implications on Leakage Potential of InjectedCO2. Presented at the 2009 International Pittsburgh Coal Conference,Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA, 21-24 September.