A Comprehensive Study of Sanding Rate From a Gas Field: From Reservoir to Completion, Production, and Surface Facilities
- Gang Han (Hess Corporation) | Keith Shepstone (Hess Corporation) | Iwan Harmawan (Hess Corporation) | Ufuk Er (Carigali Hess) | Hasni Jusoh (Carigali Hess) | Lim Sue Lin (Carigali Hess) | Dave Pringle (Carigali Hess) | Rani Koya (Hess Corporation) | Stephen Carney (Hess Corporation) | Larry Barker (Hess Corporation) | Nobuo Morita (Waseda University) | Euripides Papamichos (Aristotle University of Thessaloniki) | Pierre Cerasi (SINTEF) | Colin Sayers (Schlumberger) | Juliane Heiland (Schlumberger) | Mike Bruno (Terralog Technologies) | Julia Diessl (Terralog Technologies)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Journal
- Publication Date
- June 2011
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 463 - 481
- 2011. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 3.2.5 Produced Sand / Solids Management and Control, 4.1.2 Separation and Treating, 5.3.3 Particle Transportation, 1.10 Drilling Equipment, 2.4.3 Sand/Solids Control, 4.1.5 Processing Equipment, 4.2 Pipelines, Flowlines and Risers
- Facility erosion, Reservoir managment, Sand management, Production monitoring, Sand face completion
- 5 in the last 30 days
- 1,044 since 2007
- Show more detail
- View rights & permissions
|SPE Member Price:||USD 12.00|
|SPE Non-Member Price:||USD 35.00|
An offshore gas field has been producing sand for a few years. Sand production has been closely monitored through acoustic flowline devices and a sand-collection system installed on the platforms. Observation of sand production has triggered evaluation of whether to install surface desanders or to complete future wells with downhole sand control. This evaluation requires a prediction of sanding rate over the reservoir life. The possibility of providing downhole sand control on existing wells was also evaluated in separate studies.
Predicting sanding rate, particularly for gas fields, has been historically challenging, mainly because of the sporadic nature of sand production, inadequate quantification of fundamental physics, and lack of representative laboratory tests and reliable field calibration. To tackle these challenges, four studies have been designed and executed: (1) the development of a reliable log-based rock-strength estimate, (2) the prediction of sanding rate over the reservoir life for a conservative well condition, (3) the evaluation of sand-particle transport from the reservoir to the surface facilities, and (4) the estimate of potential erosion of platform facilities.
The sanding-rate prediction is based on extensive laboratory tests of four carefully selected whole cores with gas and water flow. It then has been validated by field-monitoring data from an acoustic flowline device on each producer and a sand-collection system on the platforms. The studies have provided a prediction of (1) future sand production, (2) how much of the produced sand will be seen at the surface (and, therefore, how much of it will fall into the rathole), (3) how fast various components of the surface facility will erode over the field life, and (4) what will be the optimal completion strategy for sand control should it become necessary. They have provided input to an integrated evaluation of completion design, reservoir management, platform configuration, and field economics.
|File Size||1 MB||Number of Pages||19|
Andrews, J., Kjørholt, H., and Jøranson, H. 2005. Production Enhancement From SandManagement Philosophy: A Case Study From Statfjord and Gullfaks. Paper SPE94511 presented at the SPE European Formation Damage Conference, Scheveningen,The Netherlands, 25-27 May. doi: 10.2118/94511-MS.
Bradford, I.D.R., Fuller, J., Thompson, P.J., and Walsgrove, T.R. 1998. Benefits of Assessing the SolidsProduction Risk in a North Sea Reservoir Using Elastoplastic Modelling.Paper SPE 47360 presented at SPE/ISRM Rock Mechanics in Petroleum Engineering,Trondheim, Norway, 8-10 July. doi: 10.2118/47360-MS.
Carney, S., Chai, S.N., Bakar, M.F.A., Barr, D., and Leal, L. 2008. Reservoir Characterisation of theMid Miocene Reservoirs of the North Malay Basin, Joint Malaysian ThailandDevelopment Area (MTJDA). Paper SPE 116311 presented at the SPE AsiaPacific Oil and Gas Conference and Exhibition, Perth, Australia, 20-22 October.doi: 10.2118/116311-MS.
Chien, S.-F. 1994. SettlingVelocity of Irregularly Shaped Particles. SPE Drill & Compl 9 (4): 281-289. SPE-26121-PA. doi: 10.2118/26121-PA.
Chin, L.Y. and Ramos, G.G. 2002. Predicting Volumetric Sand Productionin Weak Reservoirs. Paper SPE 78169 presented at the SPE/ISRM RockMechanics Conference, Irving, Texas, USA, 20-23 October. doi:10.2118/78169-MS.
Dusseault, M.B. and Santarelli, F.J. 1989. A Conceptual Model for MassiveSolids Production in Poorly Consolidated Sandstone. Proc., InternationalSymposium on Rock at Great Depth, Pau, France, 28-31 August, 789-797.
Fjaer, E. and Papamichos, E. 2008. The Variable Rate of Sand ProductionCaptured by an Analytical Model. Proc., First Southern HemisphereInternational Rock Mechanics Symposium, Perth, Western Australia, 16-19 August,355-368.
Geilikman, M.B. and Dusseault, M.B. 1997. Fluid-Rate Enhancementfrom Massive Sand Production in Heavy Oil Reservoirs. J. Pet. Sci.Eng. 17 (1-2): 5-18. doi: 10.1016/S0920-4105(96)00052-6.
Han, G. 2003. Rock Stability Under Different Fluid Flow Conditions. PhDdissertation, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario.
Han, G. and Dusseault, M.B. 2002. A Quantitative Analysis of Mechanismsfor Water-Related Sand Production. Paper SPE 73737 presented at theInternational Symposium and Exhibition on Formation Damage Control, Lafayette,Louisiana, USA, 20-21 February. doi: 10.2118/73737-MS.
Han, G., Bruno, M., and Dusseault, M.B. 2007. How Much Oil You Can Get FromCHOPS. J Can Pet Technol 46 (4): 1-9. JCPT Paper No.07-04-02. doi: 10.2118/07-04-02.
Han, G., Dusseault, M.B., and Cook, J. 2004. Why Sand Fails after WaterBreakthrough. Paper ARMA/NARMS 04-505 presented at the 6th North American RockMechanics Symposium, Houston, 5-9 June.
Heiland, J.C. and Flor, M.E. 2006. Influence of Rock FailureCharacteristics on Sanding Behavior: Analysis of Reservoir Sandstones from TheNorwegian Sea. Paper SPE 98315 presented at the International Symposium andExhibition on Formation Damage Control, Lafayette, Louisiana, USA, 15-17February. doi: 10.2118/98315-MS.
Hettema, M.H., Andrews, J.S., Blaasmo, M., and Papamichos, E. 2006. The Relative Importance of Drawdownand Depletion in Sanding Wells: Predictive Models Compared with Data from theStatfjord Field. Paper SPE 97794 presented at the International Symposiumand Exhibition on Formation Damage Control, Lafayette, Louisiana, USA, 15-17February. doi: 10.2118/97794-MS.
Horsrud, P. 2001. EstimatingMechanical Properties of Shale From Empirical Correlations. SPE Drill& Compl 16 (2): 68-73. SPE-56017-PA. doi:10.2118/56017-PA.
Morita, N., Fuh, G.-F., and Burton, B. 2006. Field and Laboratory Observations ofPost-Failure Stabilizations during Sand Production. Paper SPE 102802presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, San Antonio,Texas, USA, 24-27 September. doi: 10.2118/102802-MS.
Nouri, A., Vaziri, H., Belhaj, H., and Islam, R. 2003. A Comprehensive Approach to ModelingSanding During Oil Production. Paper SPE 81032 presented at the SPE LatinAmerican and Caribbean Petroleum Engineering Conference, Port of Spain,Trinidad, and Tobago, 27-30 April. doi: 10.2118/81032-MS.
Papamichos E., Stavropoulou, M. 1998. An Erosion-MechanicalModel for Sand Production Rate Prediction. International Journal forRock Mechanics and Mining Sciences 35 (4-5): 531-532. doi:10.1016/S0148-9062(98)00106-5.
Papamichos, E. and Malmanger, E.M. 2001. A Sand Erosion Model for VolumetricSand Predictions in a North Sea Reservoir. SPE Res Eval & Eng 4 (1):44-50. SPE-69841-PA. doi: 10.2118/69841-PA.
Papamichos, E., Stenebråten J., Cerasi, P., Lavrov, A., Vardoulakis, I.,Fuh, G.-H., Brignoli, M. et al. 2008. Rock Type and Hole Failure PatternEffects on Sand Production. Paper ARMA 08-217 presented at San Francisco 2008,42nd U.S. Rock Mechanics Symposium, 2nd U.S.-Canada Rock Mechanics Symposium,San Francisco, California, USA, 29 June-2 July.
Papamichos, E., Vardoulakis, I., Tronvoll J., and Skjærstein A. 2001. Volumetric Sand Production Model andExperiment. International Journal for Numerical and Analytical Methodsin Geomechanics 25 (8): 789-808. doi: 10.1002/nag.154.
Plumb, R.A, 1994. Influence ofComposition and Texture on the Failure Properties of Clastic Rocks. PaperSPE 28022 presented at Rock Mechanics in Petroleum Engineering, Delft, TheNetherlands, 29-31 August. doi: 10.2118/28022-MS.
Rawlins, C.H. and Hewett, T.J. 2007. A Comparison of Methodologies forHandling Produced Sand and Solids to Achieve Sustainable HydrocarbonProduction. Paper SPE 107690 presented at the European Formation DamageConference, Scheveningen, The Netherlands, 30 May-1 June. doi:10.2118/107690-MS.
Suárez-Rivera, R., Stenebråten, J., and Dagrain, F. 2002. Continuous Scratch Testing on CoreAllows Effective Calibration of Log-Derived Mechanical Properties for Use inSanding Prediction Evaluation. Paper SPE 78157 presented at the SPE/ISRMRock Mechanics Conference, Irving, Texas, USA, 20-23 October. doi:10.2118/78157-MS.
Terziev, I. and Taggart, I. 2004. Improved Procedures for Estimatingthe Erosional Rates in High Offtake Gas Wells: Application of University ofTulsa Flow Loop Derived Correlations. Paper SPE 88492 presented at the SPEAsia Pacific Oil and Gas Conference and Exhibition, Perth, Australia, 18-20October. doi: 10.2118/88492-MS.
van den Hoek, P.J. and Geilikman, M.B. 2005. Prediction of Sand Production Rate inOil and Gas Reservoirs: Field Validation and Practical Use. Paper SPE 95715presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Dallas, 9-12October. doi: 10.2118/95715-MS.
Vardoulakis, I., Stavropoulou, M., and Papanastasiou, P. 1996. Hydro-mechanical Aspects of theSand Production Problem. Transport in Porous Media 22(2): 225-244. doi: 10.1007/BF01143517.
Wang, J. and Wan, R.G. 2004. Computation of SandFluidization Phenomena Using Stabilized Finite Elements. Finite Elementsin Analysis and Design 40 (12): 1681-1699. doi:10.1016/j.finel.2003.10.005.
Wang, Y. and Xue, S. 2002. Coupled Reservoir-Geomechanics ModelWith Sand Erosion for Sand Rate and Enhanced Production Prediction. PaperSPE 73738 presented at the International Symposium and Exhibition on FormationDamage Control, Lafayette, Louisiana, USA, 20-21 February. doi:10.2118/73738-MS.
Wang, Z. 2000. Dynamic Versus Static Elastic Properties of Reservoir Rocks.In Seismic and Acoustic Velocities in Reservoir Rocks, Volume 3: RecentDevelopments, ed. Z. Wang and A. Nur. Tulsa, Oklahoma: Society ofExploration Geophysicists.
Willson, S.M., Moschovidis, Z.A., Cameron, J.R., and Palmer, I.D. 2002. New Model for Predicting the Rate ofSand Production. Paper SPE 78168 presented at the SPE/ISRM Rock MechanicsConference, Irving, Texas, USA, 20-23 October. doi: 10.2118/78168-MS.