Soviets Relying on Turbodrill to Help Meet Future Production Quota
- I.S. Salnikov (Standard Oil Co.)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- Journal of Petroleum Technology
- Publication Date
- March 1959
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 19 - 23
- 1959. Original copyright American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical, and Petroleum Engineers, Inc. Copyright has expired.
- 1.6.6 Directional Drilling, 1.6 Drilling Operations, 6.5.2 Water use, produced water discharge and disposal, 5.4.2 Gas Injection Methods, 1.10 Drilling Equipment, 4.1.6 Compressors, Engines and Turbines, 4.6 Natural Gas, 4.3.4 Scale, 1.5 Drill Bits, 4.2.3 Materials and Corrosion, 5.6.4 Drillstem/Well Testing, 1.11 Drilling Fluids and Materials, 4.2 Pipelines, Flowlines and Risers
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The Soviet Government has given its petroleum industry a 1965 production target of 4,800,000 B/D. The target centers on progress of Russian drilling technology and application of new developments and production techniques.
Performance of Soviet development rigs is estimated to increase from 3,180 ft/rig/month in 1956 to 5,800 ft/rig/ month in 1960. By far the greater part of Russian wells are drilled by turbodrill. Electrodrills and small turbodrills are being tested to improve drilling efficiency at depths below 7,000 ft where turbines have difficulty in making hole.
In production technology emphasis is being placed on supplementing natural reservoir energy by water injection. The current injection ratio is 1 bbl of water for each barrel of oil produced. Automation of crude oil production from wells to refineries is under study by technical groups. A concerted effort to reduce cost and improve efficiency of operations is now in progress.
The Soviet Government recently announced a plan to boost crude oil production by 1965 to 4,800,000 B/D. During the same period natural gas output is scheduled to rise to 14.5 billion cu ft/ day. These targets in crude production amount to an average increase of slightly over 14 per cent per year for the seven-year period (1959-1965). In the light of their recent annual increases in production, 18.0 and 17.8 per cent for 1955 and 1956, respectively, the rates do not appear to be unreasonable targets. By implication these plans reflect the confidence of the Soviet Government in the ability of their petroleum technology to double current output and to reach a rate which is approximately half of U. S. production at this time.
Since World War II information on Russian technology has been scarce but in the past few years export of some 250 technical and scientific publications has been permitted. Among these are such journals on petroleum industry as Oil Worker, Oil Economy, Geology of Petroleum, Geophysics, etc. These publications are giving us a clear picture of Russian industry and its accomplishments and a better understanding of their petroleum technology. Much of the Soviet's ability to attain the targets set for 1960 and beyond will depend on their technical accomplishments. Therefore, a review of Russian petroleum technology should certainly give us a better understanding of their aims and efforts.
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