Analysis of Deposition Mechanism of Mineral Scales Precipitating in the Sandface and Production Strings of Gas-Condensate Wells
- Carlos A. Franco (Saudi Aramco) | Jose R. Solares (Saudi Aramco) | Hamad M. Al-Marri (Saudi Aramco) | Amro Mukhles (Saudi Aramco) | Nezar H. Ramadhan (Saudi Aramco) | Ali H. Al-Saihati (Saudi Aramco)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Production & Operations
- Publication Date
- May 2010
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 161 - 171
- 2010. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 3.2.3 Hydraulic Fracturing Design, Implementation and Optimisation, 5.1 Reservoir Characterisation, 5.2 Reservoir Fluid Dynamics, 1.6 Drilling Operations, 5.2.1 Phase Behavior and PVT Measurements, 5.8.7 Carbonate Reservoir, 2.7.1 Completion Fluids, 4.2 Pipelines, Flowlines and Risers, 1.8 Formation Damage, 4.2.3 Materials and Corrosion, 3.4.1 Inhibition and Remediation of Hydrates, Scale, Paraffin / Wax and Asphaltene, 5.8.8 Gas-condensate reservoirs, 2.2.2 Perforating, 3 Production and Well Operations, 4.3.4 Scale, 3.2.4 Acidising, 2.5.2 Fracturing Materials (Fluids, Proppant)
- 0 in the last 30 days
- 774 since 2007
- Show more detail
- View rights & permissions
|SPE Member Price:||USD 5.00|
|SPE Non-Member Price:||USD 35.00|
Thick deposits of various types of mineral scales are presently forming in the tubulars and formation of gas producers drilled in Saudi Arabian carbonate reservoirs. These mineral scales precipitate when ideal thermodynamic conditions combine with dissolved minerals present in formation waters. Without remedial action over time, these deposits can grow thicker and end up plugging tubulars and the reservoir.
Thick deposits of mineral scales have recently begun to appear in gas producers in certain areas of the field. A comprehensive study was conducted to ascertain the nature of the precipitation mechanism and identify potential solutions to the problem. This paper details how laboratory analysis data, well production history, reservoir geology and petrophysics, and reservoir description were analyzed and used with sophisticated computer software to identify the formation-damage mechanism and the different scale types precipitating in the wellbore and formation. Extensive simulation work was conducted as part of the study to forecast the type and amount of mineral-scale precipitation that can be anticipated at varying reservoir and producing conditions. The study also evaluated the most cost-effective and feasible ways to remove different types of scale deposits.
The future scale-inhibition and -removal strategies to be implemented in existing and future gas producers are being derived in large part from the results of the study described in this paper.
|File Size||1 MB||Number of Pages||11|
Al-Anazi, H.A., Solares, J.R., and Al-Faifi, M.G. 2005. The Impact of Condensate Blockage andCompletion Fluids on Gas Productivity in Gas-Condensate Reservoir. PaperSPE 93210 presented at the SPE Asia Pacific Oil and Gas Conference andExhibition, Jakarta, 5-7 April. doi: 10.2118/93210-MS.
Al-Hakami, I.M., Franco, C.A., Leal, J.A., Garzon, F.O., Noguera, J., andIzquierdo, G. 2007. FieldExperiences Using Foam to Cleanout Sour Gas Wells in Saudi Arabia. PaperSPE 110971 presented at the SPE Saudi Arabia Section Technical Symposium,Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, 7-8 May. doi: 10.2118/110971-MS.
Al-Humaidan, A.Y. and Nasr-El-Din, H.A. 1999. Optimization of Hydrogen SulphideScavengers Used During Well Stimulation. Paper SPE 50765 presented at theSPE International Symposium on Oilfield Chemistry, Houston, 16-19 February.doi: 10.2118/50765-MS.
Al-Nakhli, A.R., Nasr-El-Din, H.A., and Al-Baiyat, A.A. 2008. Interactions of Iron andViscoelastic Surfactants: A New Formation-Damage Mechanism. Paper SPE112465 presented at the SPE International Symposium and Exhibition on FormationDamage Control, Lafayette, Louisiana, USA, 13-15 February.doi:10.2118/112465-MS.
Claassen, E.J. 1988. Water Sulfide as a Water-Deposited in Sour Gas Wells.Paper 191 presented at NACE CORROSION/88, St, Louis, Missouri, USA, 21-25March.
Hawkins, M.F. 1956. A Note on the Skin Effect. Trans., AIME,207: 356-357.
Jordan, M.M., Sjursaether, K., and Collins, I.R. 2005. Scale Control Within The North SeaChalk/Limestone Reservoirs—The Challenge of Understanding and OptimizingChemical-Placement Methods and Retention Mechanism: Laboratory to Field.SPE Prod & Fac 20 (4): 262-273. SPE-86476-PA. doi:10.2118/86476-PA.
Kasnick, M.A. and Engen, R.J. 1989. Iron Sulphide Scaling and AssociatedCorrosion in Saudi Arabian Khuff Gas Wells. Paper SPE 17933 presented atthe Middle East Oil Show, Bahrain, 11-14 March. doi: 10.2118/17933-MS.
Leal, J.A., Solares, J.R., Nasr-El-Din, H.A., Franco, C.A., Garzon, F.O.,Marri, H.M., Aqeel, S.A., and Izquierdo, G. 2007. A Systematic Approach to Remove IronSulphide Scale: A Case History. Paper SPE 105607 presented at SPE MiddleEast Oil and Gas Show and Conference, Bahrain, 11-14 March 2007. doi:10.2118/105607-MS.
Nasr-El-Din, H.A. and Al-Humaidan, A.Y. 2001. Iron Sulphide Scale: Formation,Removal and Prevention. Paper SPE 68315 presented at the InternationalSymposium on Oilfield Scale, Aberdeen, 30-31 January. doi:10.2118/68315-MS.
OLI Systems, Inc. 2001. ScaleChem V3.0, http://www.olisystems.com/oliscale.htm.