Case Study: Production Data and Pressure Transient Analysis of Horseshoe Canyon CBM Wells
- C.R. Clarkson (University of Calgary)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- Journal of Canadian Petroleum Technology
- Publication Date
- October 2009
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 27 - 38
- 2009. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 5.5.8 History Matching, 5.6.3 Pressure Transient Testing, 5.8.3 Coal Seam Gas, 5.8.1 Tight Gas, 3.3.1 Production Logging, 5.4.2 Gas Injection Methods, 5.4 Enhanced Recovery, 4.6 Natural Gas, 5.6.4 Drillstem/Well Testing, 5.5 Reservoir Simulation
- flowing material balance, multi-layer analysis, pressure transient analysis, coalbed methane (CBM), heterogeneous reservoir layers
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- 1,807 since 2007
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The Horseshoe Canyon (HSC) CBM play of the Western Canadian Sedimentary Basin is unique to low-rank coal reservoirs because of lack of water production; the production characteristics are qualitatively similar to conventional low-pressure dry gas reservoirs. However, the complex geological history of the coals and non-coal interbeds has imparted strong vertical and lateral heterogeneities that make the play difficult to characterize using conventional methods.
Recently, advances in production data analysis (PDA) methodologies have been made for CBM wells; techniques developed for conventional oil and gas reservoirs have been adapted by incorporating some CBM reservoir properties. For example, the popular flowing material balance (FMB) technique, as well as production type-curve and pressure transient analysis (PTA) have been modified to include relatively simple CBM reservoir behaviour (ex. equilibrium desorption). These methods, however, are primarily restricted to the analysis of single-layer reservoirs; significant errors in estimates of original-gas-in-place (OGIP) and other reservoir properties may occur if strong contrasts exist from layer-to-layer. In this work, multi-layer analysis tools are discussed, including analytical simulators that are used to history-match layer-allocated rates and pressures, and layer-specific FMB, which is used as a PDA method for individual layers.
The applicability of advanced PDA methods to the quantitative assessment of HSC reserves was investigated. Single-layer and multi-layer analysis tools were first tested against simulated data. Next, single-layer-equivalent analysis was performed on >40 real wells using type-curve, FMB, and analytical simulation. Finally, a more rigorous multi-layer analysis was performed on a subset of wells where spinner surveys and individual-seam pressure buildup data were available. Analysis of these wells included PTA of the individual seams, individual seam material balance, and multi-layer analytical model history-matching of total commingled flow rates, individual coal zone rates estimated from spinner surveys and shut-in pressures. The single-layer- equivalent analysis appears to yield conservative estimates of OGIP compared to the more rigorous multi-layer analysis in the cases analyzed.
Future work will include continued comparisons of multi-layer vs. single-layer PDA, investigation of additional constraints on input reservoir properties used in multi-layer history-matching process, and time-lapse PTA work to quantify changes in layer permeability and skin during depletion.
|File Size||3 MB||Number of Pages||12|
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