Using Experimental Designs, Assisted History-Matching Tools, and Bayesian Framework To Get Probabilistic Gas-Storage Pressure Forecasts
- Thomas Schaaf (GDF SUEZ) | Bertrand Coureaud (GDF SUEZ) | Nicolas Labat (GDF SUEZ) | Daniel Busby (Institut Français du Pétrole)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Reservoir Evaluation & Engineering
- Publication Date
- October 2009
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 724 - 736
- 2009. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- assisted history matching, proxy, bayesian
- 3 in the last 30 days
- 926 since 2007
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One of the main concerns in the oil and gas business is generating reliable reservoir hydrodynamics forecasts. Such profiles are the cornerstones of optimal technico-economical management decisions. A workflow combining different methods to integrate and reduce most of the subsurface uncertainties using multiple history matched models (explaining the past) to infer reasonably reliable forecasts is proposed.
A sensitivity study is first performed using experimental design to scan the whole range of static and dynamic uncertainty parameters using a proxy model of the fluid-flow simulator. Only the most sensitive ones with respect to an objective function (OF) (quantifying the mismatch between the simulation results and the observations) are retained for subsequent steps.
Assisted history-matching tools are then used to obtain multiple history-matched models.
To obtain probabilistic pressure profiles, multiple history-matched models are combined with the uncertain parameters not retained in the sensitivity study, using the joint modeling method.
Another way to constrain uncertain parameters with observation data is to use Bayesian framework where a posteriori distributions of the input parameters are derived from the a priori distributions and the likelihood function. The latter is computed through a nonlinear proxy model using experimental design, kriging, and dynamic training techniques.
These two workflows have been applied to a real gas storage case submitted to significant seasonal pressure variations. The obtained probabilistic operational pressure profiles for a given period are then compared to the actual gas storage dynamic behavior so that we can compare the two approaches and assess the added value of both proposed workflows.
|File Size||1 MB||Number of Pages||13|
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