A Comparison of Theoretical Pressure Build-Up Curves with Field Curves Obtained from Bottom-Hole Shut-In Tests
- Sidney C. Pitzer (Sun Oil Co.) | John D. Rice (Sun Oil Co.) | Clifford E. Thomas (Sun Oil Co.)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- Journal of Petroleum Technology
- Publication Date
- August 1959
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 49 - 52
- 1959. Original copyright American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical, and Petroleum Engineers, Inc. Copyright has expired.
- 5.5.2 Core Analysis, 2.4.3 Sand/Solids Control, 5.2 Reservoir Fluid Dynamics, 5.6.2 Core Analysis, 5.2.1 Phase Behavior and PVT Measurements, 2.2.2 Perforating, 5.1.1 Exploration, Development, Structural Geology, 5.3.2 Multiphase Flow
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Interpretation of pressure build-up data obtained in the conventional manner has often been difficult because of the deviation from theoretical behavior. Major causes of this deviation have been attributed to damage and afterflow, and to fluid redistribution in the wellbore which, in extreme cases, can result in a pressure hump in the early portion of the build-up curve.
Theoretical investigations show that bottomhole pressure is definitely influenced by phase redistribution in the tubing column during surface shut-in tests, and that the magnitude of the effect is sensitive to the producing gas-oil ratio and stabilized rate of flow in the well.
For field experiments a wire-line tubing packer, which can be run in the tubing against a stabilized flow rate, was developed for bottom-hole shut-in tests. By use of this bottom-hole shut-in method, pressure humps previously observed in surface shut-in tests were completely eliminated and the effects of afterflow minimized.
Analog and digital computer studies have been made to obtain theoretical curves for comparison with field curves, and remarkable agreement between the results of bottom-hole shut-in tests and theoretical curves has been obtained.
Pressure build-up data from shut-in wells have been used by the petroleum industry to determine the permeability of the formation, to estimate wellbore damage, to evaluate the static reservoir pressure and to speculate reservoir volume. Calculation of these factors is based on methods of analysis developed for theoretical systems whose build-up curves have a characteristic shape when the wells are shut-in at the sand face. However, field curves obtained by conventional surface shut-in methods do not always exhibit this characteristic. Such factors as stratification, rock heterogeneities and irregular reservoir geometry can cause the character of a buildup curve to deviate from that predicted by theory for a simple system. In addition, all field build-up data are affected by the methods utilized in obtaining the measurements.
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