An Approach to Fracture Characterization Using Borehole Seismic Data
- Pradyumna Dutta (Kuwait Oil Company) | Sunil Kumar Singh (Kuwait Oil Company) | Jarrah Al-Genai (Kuwait Oil Company) | Azhar Akhtar (Schlumberger) | Mahmood Akbar (Schlumberger)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Reservoir Evaluation & Engineering
- Publication Date
- June 2009
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 371 - 379
- 2009. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 1 in the last 30 days
- 1,121 since 2007
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The Najmah, Sargelu, and Marrat reservoirs are the main Jurassic reservoirs in Kuwait. These fractured-carbonate reservoirs that have moderate-to-low porosity were deposited in an inner- to midramp warm marine environment. The fracture systems play a significant role in production in these reservoirs, and it is essential to identify areas of high fracture density. It has been observed that fractures associated with certain faults have facilitated the flow in the Jurassic reservoirs. Identification of faults and associated fractures mainly has been on the basis of 3D-/2D-seismic data, image logs, cores, and thin sections.
The Greater Burgan field consists of the Burgan, Magwa, and Ahmadi structures. The four main reservoir units in the Greater Burgan field are the Wara, Mauddud, Burgan Third, and Burgan Fourth sands. The deeper reservoirs--namely, the Lower Cretaceous Ratawi and Minagish limestone--and the Jurassic Marrat formation contain significant oil reserves but are of less importance. However, a recent successful exploratory well in the Arifjan prospect, which is located on the eastern flank of the Greater Burgan field, has opened up a large area that was previously considered to be nonproductive. It has been noticed that there is excellent correlation between the fractures observed in cores and image logs and those predicted from the converted component of the zero-offset vertical seismic profile (VSP). After registration of the z-component image with the converted image for various prominent reflectors, the discontinuities in the reflectors in the converted-component image revealed fracture swarms that could be traced away from the wellbore.
This technique of processing the VSP data to identify fracture clusters could form a bridge between surface and borehole data and improve confidence in predicting fracture swarms away from the wellbore and also assist in planning of future surface seismic and 3D VSP surveys.
|File Size||3 MB||Number of Pages||9|
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