Mapping CO2 in Real Time With Downhole Fluid Analysis in the East Irish Sea
- Chris Carpenter (JPT Technology Editor)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- Journal of Petroleum Technology
- Publication Date
- July 2014
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 142 - 144
- 2014. Society of Petroleum Engineers
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- 81 since 2007
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This article, written by JPT Technology Editor Chris Carpenter, contains highlights of paper SPE 166497, "Mapping CO2 in Real Time in Hydrocarbon Reservoirs With Downhole Fluid Analysis: First Successful Experience in the East Irish Sea, UK Continental Shelf," by B. Quayle, S. James, and M. Quine, Centrica Energy, and I. De Santo, P. Jeffreys, and J.Y. Zuo, Schlumberger, prepared for the 2013 SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, New Orleans, 30 September-2 October. The paper has not been peer reviewed.
This paper describes the first successful attempt on the continental shelf offshore UK to map carbon dioxide (CO2) in real time while logging during a drilling campaign in the East Irish Sea. Reservoirs in this sea’s basin contain varying proportions of CO2, nitrogen (N2), and hydrogen sulfide (H2S), in addition to oil and methane. Two of these wells develop the Rhyl gas field. Downhole-fluid-analysis (DFA) technologies were deployed with a wireline-formation-testing (WFT) tool to measure CO2 content accurately downhole.
The Rhyl field was discovered in 2009 and received development approval in 2012. It is located 11 km north of the North Morecambe field. The North and South Morecambe fields were discovered in the 1970s, with some 7 Tcf of gas initially in place. Production from the Rhyl field extends the longevity of these assets.
Vertical and horizontal variations in CO2 content in the Rhyl field were assessed across the Triassic Ormskirk sandstone, the upper member of the Sherwood sandstone group. The Ormskirk sandstone formation represents the principal reservoir target in the East Irish Sea, comprising high-porosity aeolian and fluvial sandstones with variable grain size and playa mudstones.
Gas Composition in the Rhyl Field
The composition of the gas found in Rhyl includes both hydrocarbon and nonhydrocarbon components such as N2 and CO2. The N2 is derived from late-stage hydrocarbon generation, while isotope data indicate that the CO2 has a magmatic origin. It is believed to have been exsolved from the magma of a series of Tertiary dolerite intrusions into the Ormskirk sandstones in close proximity to the Rhyl field. The samples collected during the drillstem test conducted on exploration Well 113/27b-6 provided several qualitative indications of a higher CO2 content than was originally expected from the correlation with the nearby North Morecambe field: a high gas density measured at the separator and difficulty in sustaining a flare.
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