Program Considers What Is Needed for the Future of Carbon Sequestration
- Adam Wilson (JPT Editorial Manager)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- Journal of Petroleum Technology
- Publication Date
- July 2012
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 116 - 119
- 2012. Carbon Management Technology Conference
- 0 in the last 30 days
- 36 since 2007
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This article, written by Editorial Manager Adam Wilson, contains highlights of paper CMTC 151471, "What's Next in Geologic Storage Research?" by J. Litynski and T. Rodosta, US Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory; and L. Myer, R. Kane, and G. Washington, Leonardo Technologies, prepared for the 2012 Carbon Management Technology Conference, Orlando, Florida, 7-9 February. The paper has not been peer reviewed.
The US Department of Energy (DOE) launched its carbon capture and storage (CCS) program in 1997 after holding a stakeholders workshop to obtain feedback from the technical and commercial sectors on its draft research plan. Consistent with administration and congressional priorities, CCS continues to be a key element of the DOE’s research and development (R&D) portfolio. Implemented by the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) within DOE’s Office of Fossil Energy, the program is playing a lead role in CCS technology development and has made significant advances in the development of a broad range of effective and economically viable technologies.
Overall CCS Program Goals and Objectives
The overall objective of the carbon-storage program is to develop and advance CCS technologies that will be ready for widespread commercial deployment by 2020. To accomplish widespread deployment, three program goals have been established: (1) develop technologies that will support industries’ ability to predict CO2-storage capacity in geologic formations to ±30% by 2015; (2) develop technologies to demonstrate that 99% of injected CO2 remains in the injection zones by 2015; and (3) complete best-practices manuals for site selection, characterization, site operations, and closure practices by 2020. Only by accomplishing these goals will CCS technologies be ready for safe, effective commercial deployment beginning in 2020 and through the next several decades.
The carbon-storage program is composed of three principal elements: core R&D, infrastructure, and global collaborations. It is the integration of these elements that addresses technological and marketplace challenges.
Core R&D. The core-R&D element involves applied laboratory- and pilot-scale research focused on developing new technologies and systems for greenhouse-gas mitigation. Core R&D encompasses four technical focus areas for CCS technology and protocol development:
- Geologic storage
- Monitoring, verification, and accounting (MVA)
- Simulation and risk assessment
- CO2 use
Infrastructure. The infrastructure element involves confirmation of CO2-storage approaches through activities such as the seven regional carbon-sequestration partnerships (RCSPs), which are conducting field tests, engaging regional stakeholders, and characterizing opportunities for CO2 storage in their regions. Nineteen small-scale and eight large-scale field projects were implemented by the RCSPs, and these involved site selection, CO2 injection into different geologic storage formation classes, monitoring, public outreach, and regulatory compliance.
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