Overview of Carbon Dioxide Injection and Water-Alternating-Gas Sensitivity
- Adam Wilson (JPT Special Publications Editor)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- Journal of Petroleum Technology
- Publication Date
- June 2017
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 86 - 89
- 2016. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 2 in the last 30 days
- 237 since 2007
- Show more detail
- View rights & permissions
|SPE Member Price:||Free|
|SPE Non-Member Price:||USD 17.00|
This article, written by Special Publications Editor Adam Wilson, contains highlights of paper SPE 179569, “Overview of CO2 Injection and WAG Sensitivity in SACROC,” by Reza Barati Ghahfarokhi, SPE, The University of Kansas, and Steve Pennell, Michael Matson, SPE, and Mark Linroth, SPE, Kinder Morgan, prepared for the 2016 SPE Improved Oil Recovery Conference, Tulsa, 11–13 April. The paper has not been peer reviewed.
This paper presents an overview of the SACROC Unit’s activity focusing on different carbon dioxide (CO2) injection and water-alternating-gas (WAG) projects that have made the SACROC unit one of the most successful CO2 injection projects in the world. The main objectives of this were was to review CO2 injection and injection-rate losses with respect to the CO2/WAG miscible displacement process in the SACROC Unit and recommend an injection strategy for WAG-sensitive patterns.
The Kelly-Snyder field is the largest of a chain of fields along the Pennsylvanian Horseshoe atoll in the Midland Basin. Within this field, the Scurry Area Canyon Reef Operators Committee (SACROC) Unit covers approximately 56,000 acres with 2,800 million STB of original oil in place (OOIP). Limestone is the dominant mineral within the Canyon Reef formation, and less than 3% of the formation exists as thin sections of shale (1–10 ft in thickness) that are important stratigraphic markers. The formation is divided into four major zones: the Cisco, the Green Zone (GZ), the Upper Middle Canyon, and the Lower Middle Canyon (LMC). Of these, the GZ shows the highest matrix permeability, significant nonmatrix-flow features, and high-conductivity channels. Moreover, the transition zone (TZ) below the oil/water contact has recently been developed in parts of the SACROC Unit.
Primary Production. Completed in November 1948, the Standard No. 1 Jessie Brown 2 was drilled to 6,700 ft and produced 530 B/D from the Canyon Reef Formation. Located 9 miles northwest of Snyder, Texas, this well was the discovery well of the North Snyder field. The Texas Railroad Commission eventually merged this field with the neighboring Kelly field upon recognizing that both fields produce from the same reservoir. The reservoir thickness varies from 10 ft on the flanks to 900 ft on the crest of the reef. A map of the unit’s 3D structure and thickness is shown in Fig. 1. By late 1950, 1,600 production wells had been drilled on the Kelly- Snyder field on irregular 40-acre spacing.
|File Size||346 KB||Number of Pages||3|