Waterflooding Proves Useful in Deepwater Gulf of Mexico Overpressured Turbidites
- Adam Wilson (JPT Special Publications Editor)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- Journal of Petroleum Technology
- Publication Date
- June 2014
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 113 - 115
- 2014. Offshore Technology Conference
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- 251 since 2007
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This article, written by Special Publications Editor Adam Wilson, contains highlights of paper OTC 24111, "Water Injection in Deepwater, Overpressured Turbidites in the Gulf of Mexico: Past, Present, and Future," by X. Li and K.K. Beadall, SPE, Knowledge Reservoir; S. Duan, SPE, Chevron Corporation; and J.R. Lach, SPE, Knowledge Reservoir, prepared for the 2013 Offshore Technology Conference, Houston, 6-9 May. The paper has not been peer reviewed.
Good primary recovery, high drilling cost, and facility limitations mean water injection is not commonly used in the deepwater Gulf of Mexico. However, waterflooding can supply additional reservoir energy for producing substantial quantities of oil trapped by limited displacement drive and poor sweep efficiency. This paper is a detailed examination of Pleistocene-to-Upper- Miocene turbidite reservoirs in the deepwater Gulf of Mexico under water injection. Waterflooding strategies have proved to be highly effective in achieving good incremental oil recovery from these reservoirs.
So far, oil and gas production in the deepwater Gulf of Mexico is mostly from Neogene (Pleistocene, Pliocene, and Upper Miocene) reservoirs. The Neogene reservoirs can be characterized broadly as overpressured, unconsolidated, and highly compacting, with high permeability and containing black undersaturated oil of medium gravity with moderate gas/ oil ratio and some aquifer support. Although waterflooding is a mature technology, few water-injection projects have been conducted in the Neogene reservoirs because they exhibit good primary recoveries, exist in high-cost offshore environments, and are relatively small. In some of these fields, a limited volume of water was injected.
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