Successful Implementation of a Gas-Injection Trial in a Low-Permeability Carbonate Reservoir Offshore Qatar
- Dennis Denney (JPT Senior Technology Editor)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- Journal of Petroleum Technology
- Publication Date
- June 2010
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 77 - 78
- 2010. International Petroleum Technology Conference
- 2 in the last 30 days
- 148 since 2007
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This article, written by Senior Technology Editor Dennis Denney, contains highlights of paper IPTC 13327, "Successful Implementation of a Gas-Injection Trial in a Low-Permeability Carbonate Reservoir Offshore Qatar," by Kristian Mogensen, SPE, and Soren Frank, SPE, Maersk Oil Qatar, and Rashed Noman, SPE, Qatar Petroleum, prepared for the 2009 International Petroleum Technology Conference, Doha, Qatar, 7-9 December.
The planning and implementation of a lean-gas-injection trial conducted in the low-permeability Kharaib B carbon-ate reservoir of the Al Shaheen field, offshore Qatar, is described. The main objectives of the trial were to determine whether premature gas breakthrough would occur in the neighboring production wells and whether water injectivity after the gasflood would be reduced as a result of the presence of high gas saturation around the injection well.
The Al Shaheen field began production in 1992 from two thin separate Cretaceous carbonate formations and an overlying sandstone formation. Field development used horizontal wells, some placed in radial patterns and others in parallel line-drive patterns of alternating water injectors and oil producers.
These carbonate reservoirs are relatively thin oil columns with a large areal extent (25×45 km) with permeabilities in the 1- to 10-md range. The reservoir-fluid properties exhibit large lateral variations, with oil gravities ranging from 16 to 38°API within the same reservoir. The field contains several gas caps and shows large variations in solution gas/oil ratio (GOR) and in saturation pressures.
Development studies focus on expanding of the current waterflood and on enhanced oil recovery (EOR). A promising EOR process is water-alternating-gas (WAG) injection that uses either CO2 or hydrocarbon gas as the injectant. A coordinated effort was initiated in 2006 to evaluate the scope for incremental field oil recovery.
An important part of the EOR evaluation was to conduct an early gas-injection trial for a period of 6 months in the Kharaib B reservoir. The purposes of the trial were to investigate whether unexpected large-scale permeability heterogeneities exist in the reservoir, to gather gas- and water-injectivity data, and to gain experience for planning potential WAG-injection applications for the whole field.
The most important part of the preparatory phase was to select the correct injection well for the trial to ensure that the trial objectives could be met. Once selected, the required modifications to the surface facilities then could be scheduled and a data-gathering program set up.
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