Innovative Geosteering Technology in Multilateral Wells
- Chris Carpenter (JPT Technology Editor)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- Journal of Petroleum Technology
- Publication Date
- May 2014
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 131 - 136
- 2014. Offshore Technology Conference
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- 285 since 2007
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This article, written by JPT Technology Editor Chris Carpenter, contains highlights of paper OTC 24002, "Innovative Geosteering Technology Used in Drilling Smart Multilateral Wells, Kuwait," by T. El Gezeery, A. Aziz Ismael, K. Al-Anezi, G.S. Padhy, Fawaz Al Saqran, A. Abdul-Latif, and J. Silambuchelvan, Kuwait Oil Company, and J. Estarabadi and G. Ferroni, Geolog International, prepared for the 2013 Offshore Technology Conference, Houston, 6-9 May. The paper has not been peer reviewed. Copyright 2013 Offshore Technology Conference. Reproduced by permission.
The Burgan reservoir in Kuwait has the potential for premature water breakthrough, leaving behind bypassed zones of oil. The placement and completion of horizontal wells in such reservoirs is a challenge necessitating a collaborative approach from petroleum geoscience, reservoir engineering, and petroleum engineering. This paper describes placement of horizontal wells in this kind of heterogeneous reservoir through an integrated approach.
The Minagish field was discovered in 1959 and is located in the southwestern part of Kuwait. It contains several reservoir intervals in its stratigraphic column, varying from Early Jurassic to Late Cretaceous. The field is situated 12 km northwest from the West Umm Gudair field (Fig. 1). The field has been penetrated by more than 180 wells. The field structure of the Burgan formation is a closed elongated asymmetrical anticline oriented in a north/south direction. The top of the Burgan structure is located at approximately 5,500-ft true vertical depth (TVD) minus the elevation above mean sea level of the depth reference point of the well.
Regional Geology. The Burgan formation consists of a lower braided river system with stacked sand bodies. The sediment ranges from fine to medium grain sizes, and the porosities are high enough for lateral migration. On top of the upper Burgan channels, the sediments are generally finer but still retain a fluvial character. The amount of shale is higher. The marsh and tidal sediments, which consist of fine sands, silty sands, and sandy silts, seem to be of lower connectivity for vertical migration. The porosity is relatively low (between 15 and 18%), and the minimum of the measured permeability is close to 1 md for these layers. It seems that these shaly sediments can act as permeability barriers for vertical migration, but oil is observed in all channels and has been able to reach the reservoirs. This complex channel geometry makes these reservoirs the most challenging clastic reservoirs in the Minagish field.
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