Offshore HP/HT Gas Well: Drilling and Well Testing
- Dennis Denney (JPT Senior Technology Editor)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- Journal of Petroleum Technology
- Publication Date
- April 2013
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 111 - 115
- 2013. Society of Petroleum Engineers
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- 199 since 2007
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This article, written by Senior Technology Editor Dennis Denney, contains highlights of paper SPE 155320, "Offshore Drilling and Well Testing of an HP/HT Gas Well: A Case Study," by Prerak H. Shah, SPE, Harsh T. Pandya, SPE, Harsh Sharma, and Arpit Saxena, SPE, Gujarat State Petroleum Corporation, prepared for the 2012 SPE Oil and Gas India Conference and Exhibition, Mumbai, 28-30 March. The paper has not been peer reviewed.
With exploration in harsh environments and consequent high-pressure and high-temperature conditions, calculating reservoir properties has become complex and changes in pressure-transient response need to be understood and appreciated by taking appropriate measures. The challenges arising with drilling and testing of high-pressure/high-temperature (HP/HT) gas wells that produce hydrogen sulfide (H2S) and carbon dioxide (CO2) in the Krishna Godavari basin are discussed.
In the exploration campaign in the Krishna Godavari basin off the east coast of India, four wells were drilled, discovering a very tight gas reservoir with an average pressure of 12,000 psi and an average re-corded temperature of 360°F and classified as an HP/HT reservoir, as shown in Fig. 1. This paper discusses the experience drilling four wells with a jackup rig in average water depth of 60 m.
Well-A was the first well. Well-B dis-covered and flowed gas from stratigraphy below the section encountered in Well-A. Well-C encountered the same sands found in Well-A, and additional shallower sands not encountered in Well-A or Well-B were discovered. The reservoir section is overlain by shale. Well-A was drilled in six sections because it was the first exploratory well; the other three wells were drilled in five sections. All wells had sections of 36-, 26-, 17½-, 12¼-, and 8½-in. hole and Well-A had an additional 6-in. section. These sections were cased with 30-, 20-, 13⅜-, 9⅝-, and 7-in. liner casings, respectively, and Well-A included a 5-in. liner. The reservoir section expected in 8½-in. hole from seismic and log data was proved while drilling Well-A and was appraised in Well-B, Well-C, and Well-D. Well-A and Well-B were drilled to total depth with water-based mud (WBM). The 12¼-in. section of Well-C was drilled with WBM, while the 8½-in. section was drilled with synthetic-oil-based mud (SOBM). The shale sections and reservoir section in Well-D were drilled using SOBM. The mud program was designed on the basis of the pore-pressure-leakoff-test (LOT) vs. depth chart shown in Fig. 2.
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