Pressure-Transient and Production-Data Analysis of an Unconsolidated Formation
- Dennis Denney (JPT Senior Technology Editor)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- Journal of Petroleum Technology
- Publication Date
- February 2012
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 85 - 87
- 2012. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 1 in the last 30 days
- 163 since 2007
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This article, written by Senior Technology Editor Dennis Denney, contains highlights of paper SPE 147506, "Pressure-Transient and Production-Data Analysis of a Horizontal Well in an Unconsolidated Formation in Frade, Brazil," by Yan Pan, SPE, Russ Ewy, SPE, Don Ringe, SPE, Medhat M. Kamal, SPE, Ralph Affinito, SPE, and Oluwole Sotunde, SPE, Chevron, prepared for the 2011 SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Denver, 30 October-2 November. The paper has not been peer reviewed.
Frade Asset is a medium-heavy-oil field in the northern Campos basin, approximately 75 miles offshore Rio de Janeiro in 3,500-ft water depth. The structure is a low-relief anticline with two main fault blocks consisting of four stacked unconsolidated reservoirs. The field produces from nine horizontal oil wells with three vertical water-injection wells to maintain reservoir pressure. Continuous well monitoring and reservoir characterization are key to cost-efficient development in this deepwater subsea field.
The development strategy for the field includes horizontal production wells and deviated injection wells to maintain reservoir pressure. The asset-management team realized the challenges of this particular field and made the decision to install permanent downhole gauges in every production and injection well drilled, with a reservoir-surveillance plan in place to monitor well and reservoir performance.
Active reservoir surveillance enabled engineers to make sound and quick operating decisions, such as shutting in wells, changing chokes, or planning well interventions on the basis of dynamic data collected continuously at wells. It also provided real-time information for improved reservoir characterization, model forecasts, and optimized development plans. Because data stream in continuously, the cycle from data collection to updating reservoir models to forecasting field performance to optimizing development could be shortened.
Example Well: Producer 2
Well Producer 2 is in the upthrown fault block, as shown in Fig. 1, and had an original reservoir pressure of 3,079 psia and a reservoir temperature of 110°F. The net pay thickness is approximately 42 m, and the horizontal well was drilled 30 m above the sealing bottom of the reservoir. The well trajectory was parallel to the fault to the southwest and to the axial fairway edge to the northeast. The well was completed with an openhole gravel pack, and the total completion length was 507 m. The permanent downhole gauge was installed above the top of the gravel-pack completion.
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