Information Transfer in The Petroleum Industry
- Frank T. Dolan (Imperial Oil Limited)
- Document ID
- Petroleum Society of Canada
- Journal of Canadian Petroleum Technology
- Publication Date
- July 1969
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 116 - 124
- 1969. Petroleum Society of Canada
- 1.10 Drilling Equipment, 4.2.3 Materials and Corrosion, 4.5 Offshore Facilities and Subsea Systems, 1.6 Drilling Operations, 4.2 Pipelines, Flowlines and Risers, 5.2.1 Phase Behavior and PVT Measurements, 4.3.4 Scale, 4.1.4 Gas Processing, 4.1.6 Compressors, Engines and Turbines, 1.11 Drilling Fluids and Materials
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This paper enumerates some of the causes behind the present revolution ininformation technology. It offers a pragmatic definition of information and asimplified model of information transfer. The principles of coordinate indexingand retrieval, which are pre-requisite to an understanding of computerizedreference-retrieval systems, are reviewed. Some of the relevant agencies(Information Utilities) concerned with the design, implementation and operationof such systems are cited. One of these, Petroleum Abstracts, which isrepresentative of the others and extremely important to the petroleum engineer,is described in considerable detail. The importance of such services to theengineering community is stressed.
FUNDAMENTAL CHANGES are taking place in our methods of handling information.These changes are attributable to a combination of factors, namely:
- An increasing awareness of the importance of information and its realequivalence to manpower and dollars.
- The increase of volume and flow of information intra and inter-industry,government and university.
- The emergence of new technologies such as electronic computers, newcommunications media and systems, microform technology, etc.
- The appearance of a new interdisciplinary curriculum (Information Science)focused on modern information-processing sources, systems and techniques.
- The change from the concept of a library as: a collecting archive,preoccupied with the media, to an information center as a dynamic disseminatorconcerned with the message.
- The conversion of traditional indexing and abstracting services toInformation Utilities capable of supplying information sciences, computer-manipulatableinformation banks and specialized software packages.
- The formation of information networks to expedite information transfer
There are many definitions of information. They range all the way from thephilosophical, "that precious distillate of human experience," to themathematical definition of Information Theory. The definition offered below isneither philosophical nor mathematical. It is, however, basic andworkable.
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