Analytical Modelling of Gas Production From Hydrates in Porous Media
- H. Hong (University of Calgary) | M. Pooladi-Darvish (University of Calgary) | P.R. Bishnoi (University of Calgary)
- Document ID
- Petroleum Society of Canada
- Journal of Canadian Petroleum Technology
- Publication Date
- November 2003
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 45 - 56
- 2003. Petroleum Society of Canada
- 5.6.4 Drillstem/Well Testing, 5.9.1 Gas Hydrates, 2.1.1 Perforating, 7.4.5 Future of energy/oil and gas, 4.2 Pipelines, Flowlines and Risers, 5.8.6 Naturally Fractured Reservoir, 5.4.7 Chemical Flooding Methods (e.g., Polymer, Solvent, Nitrogen, Immiscible CO2, Surfactant, Vapex), 4.1.1 Process Simulation, 4.6 Natural Gas, 4.3.1 Hydrates
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Gas hydrates are being considered as an alternative energy resource of thefuture since they exist in enormous quantities in permafrost and offshoreenvironments. However, gas production potential from hydrate reservoirs throughdifferent production schemes has not been fully investigated yet. This workintroduces a simple analytical model for simulating gas production from hydratedecomposition in porous media by a depressurization method.
We consider the heat transfer to the decomposing zone, intrinsic kinetics ofhydrate decomposition, and gas-water two-phase flow as the three primarymechanisms involved in hydrate decomposition in porous media. In this study,the relative importance of these mechanisms is compared over a realistic rangeof the physical properties. It is shown that for the cases studied, the effectof two-phase flow is significantly smaller than the heat transfer and theintrinsic kinetics of hydrate decomposition. Considering the rate-controllingmechanisms, an analytical model is developed to predict the performance ofdecomposition of gas hydrates in porous media. The model is used to performsensitivity studies to investigate the feasibility of commercial gas productionfrom hydrate reservoirs. The results suggest that significant quantities of gascan be produced from gas hydrate reservoirs where the hydrate overlies the gaszone. Such reservoirs have been found in the permafrost regions of Siberia,Alaska, and Canada.
The enormous natural gas reserves associated with the in situ gas hydratesin permafrost regions and offshore environments of the earth is expected to bean energy resource of the future. The gas could be produced from the hydratedissociation by depressurization, thermal stimulation, solvent injection, or acombination of these methods. The potential for gas production from hydratereservoirs through different production techniques is still uncertain and underinvestigation. One method of investigation is with the help of mathematicalmodels. For a mathematical model to be representative, it should include theimportant mechanisms. In a depressurization scheme considered in this study,three important mechanisms are involved: intrinsic decomposition of the hydratethat results in reduced temperature; heat flow towards the cooled zone thatprovides the necessary energy for further decomposition; and, flow of thedecomposed gas and water through the porous rock.
|File Size||910 KB||Number of Pages||12|