Materials Integrity by Design
- Eric John Wright (ExxonMobil Production Company)
- Document ID
- International Society of Offshore and Polar Engineers
- International Journal of Offshore and Polar Engineering
- Publication Date
- September 2017
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 239 - 244
- 2017. The International Society of Offshore and Polar Engineers
- operations, corrosion control, quality, technology qualification, materials integrity, Petroleum developments, materials selection
- 15 in the last 30 days
- 15 since 2007
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Maintaining asset integrity throughout the design life of oil and gas operations is key to the overall success of upstream projects. Specific locations, e.g., geographically remote or deepwater locations, create challenges to materials performance, logistics of installation, corrosion control and system inspection. Therefore, designing for sustained materials integrity requires an inclusive approach for materials selection, corrosion control, monitoring, and inspection that is needed throughout the asset life cycle. Furthermore, performance needs to continually increase because of more demanding designs requiring higher-strength, higher-temperature materials, long-life coatings, and highly effective corrosion inhibitors for carbon steel. For new materials or component applications, technology qualifications are conducted. For effective technology implementation, these should be integrated into the overall project design basis, the execution schedule and asset integrity management program.
Materials integrity is a major contributor to the safety, environmental and economic success of oil and gas assets. Development of an asset integrity management program requires coordinated contributions of a broad range of disciplines (OGP, 2008). The focus of this paper is a review of selected materials integrity challenges related to the design, construction, and operation phases. To address these, a number of integrated processes are conducted to ensure that the materials integrity of the asset is maintained from startup through field decommissioning.
Materials Integrity Scope
Upstream project construction uses a range of materials that are exposed to a variety of environmental conditions, such as production well fluids, process fluids, and seawater. For example, Fig. 1 shows a floating storage and offloading (FSO) vessel with an offloading tower. The materials include structural steels, corrosion-resistant alloys, and flexible hoses. Corrosion control includes coatings, corrosion inhibitors, and cathodic protection.
Materials procurement and associated fabrication can represent a substantial proportion (approximately 65%–70%) of the capital expenditures for a project. In addition, corrosion control and inspection represent significant, ongoing operating expenses. The final design is based on life-cycle costs that include consideration of both capital and operational costs (ISO, 2000, 2001a, 2001b). In summary, selecting the optimal materials and associated corrosion control strategy can have significant impact on both the asset materials integrity and economic performance.
|File Size||2 MB||Number of Pages||6|