Low-Temperature Fracture Toughness Estimates for Very High Strength Steels
- Kim Wallin (VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland) | Paivi Karjalainen-Roikonen (VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland) | Sakari Pallaspuro (University of Oulu)
- Document ID
- International Society of Offshore and Polar Engineers
- International Journal of Offshore and Polar Engineering
- Publication Date
- December 2016
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 333 - 338
- 2016. The International Society of Offshore and Polar Engineers
- Fracture toughness, Charpy-V correlation, Master Curve, very high strength steel
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- 42 since 2007
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The lack of design rules limits the application of Very High Strength Steels (VHSS). One critical point limiting their use lies in their poorly documented low-temperature fracture properties in relation to more conventional steels. The two major concepts governing the assessment of steel construction codes are the Master Curve (MC) methodology and the T0- TCV28J transition temperature correlation. Focusing on novel, directly quenched, high-performance steels, we investigated the applicability of the Master Curve methodology with special emphasis on the low-temperature region and checked the validity of the standard T0- TCV28J transition temperature correlation. Improvements to the criteria are proposed for further consideration.
Although Very High Strength Steels (VHSS) with nominal strengths up to 1200 MPa have been available on the market for many years, the use of these steels in the civil engineering industry is still rather uncommon due to the lack of design rules and manufacturing experience, scarcity of special sections, and undue conservatism in the design limit of the current structural application of VHSS. The introduction of EN 1993-1-12 (CEN, 2007) permits the use of steels up to S700, but steels with higher yield strength are not yet covered in any code. One critical point limiting the use of VHSS steels lies in their rather poorly documented low-temperature fracture properties in relation to more conventional steels covered by the codes.
There are two major concepts governing the assessment of steels in EN 1993-1-12 (CEN, 2007). They are the Master Curve (MC) methodology (Wallin, 1999) and the T0- TCV28J transition temperature correlation (Wallin, 1989). The Master Curve methodology provides a description of the fracture toughness scatter, size effect, and temperature dependence for both the transition region and the lower shelf. It enables a complete characterization of a material’s brittle fracture toughness on the basis of only a few small-sized specimens. The method combines a theoretical description of the scatter, a statistical size effect, and an empirically found temperature dependence of the fracture toughness. The fracture toughness in the brittle fracture regime is thus described by only one parameter, the transition temperature T0 (see Fig. 1).
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