The Advantages, Costs and Pitfalls of International Drills and Exercises
- David E. Neilson (Oil Spill Response Limited)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE International Conference on Health, Safety, and Environment in Oil and Gas Exploration and Production, 7-10 June, Caracas, Venezuela
- Publication Date
- Document Type
- Conference Paper
- 1998. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 6.1 HSSE & Social Responsibility Management, 6.5.5 Oil and Chemical Spills, 7.2.5 Emergency Preparedness and Training, 6.1.5 Human Resources, Competence and Training, 1.6 Drilling Operations, 5.1.2 Faults and Fracture Characterisation
- 0 in the last 30 days
- 44 since 2007
- Show more detail
- View rights & permissions
|SPE Member Price:||USD 5.00|
|SPE Non-Member Price:||USD 28.00|
The paper analyses the benefits, financial implications and potential drawbacks of the oil industry holding response exercises and drills. The paper gives guidelines on how to maximize the investment both in financial terms and in personal effort. In addition, discussion is held on the drivers, objectives and who should do what in a sample numbers of countries. The author's personal experience will assist the reader in avoiding problems, how to overcome issues in the development and management of drills internationally.
The paper looks at what is expected in different part of the globe, what really is required for best industry and government preparedness. Also explored are the changing trends of expectations, requirements and what really works world-wide. The scope of industry operations covered in the paper is upstream exploration and production activities and transportation. Highlighting the effectiveness of numbers of people involved, innovative use of exercise injects and some low cost but effective options will also be explored.
The pitfalls that could devalue the drill are also discussed. Such problems as industry and governments not being equally skilled in such issues as response management and the ability to draw on appropriate resources. In certain cases these problems can defeat the initial objectives of holding the drill. Guidance will also be given on how to decide who and when organizations should be involved in the development and planning phases of the exercise.
Finally the summary and conclusions give opinion on why industry carry's out drills, what the benefits should be, is it worthwhile and how well we do it?.
Internationally there still remains an imbalance of what is understood or what is required of an oil spill response exercise. In some countries a program of preparedness drills is required by law, in most others, the level and frequency is left to industry and individual organizations. Although recently, countries that are signatories to the OPRC convention are required to have in place a published programme of exercises. Whatever the regime, it is important that the event is organized and executed to maximum benefit. It is also important to understand that oil spills, are in most cases connected to some other issue of emergency response. This could be ship salvage, damage to exploration and production (E&P) facilities or process plant. In many cases the resources required to respond to the pollution and the other emergency element are similar and therefore lead to the need to prioritize resource utilization. It is essential that these other issues are recognized and included in any exercise.
Expectations of what is required or what represents a successful drill or exercise will vary greatly between certain parties. The perception by the public of a successful exercise will differ from the view of industry and government.
|File Size||66 KB||Number of Pages||6|