Optimum Acid Volume Estimation Using Real-Time Skin Evaluation
- P. Boonyapaluk (New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology) | G. Hareland (New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Latin America/Caribbean Petroleum Engineering Conference, 23-26 April, Port-of-Spain, Trinidad
- Publication Date
- Document Type
- Conference Paper
- 1996. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 5.2 Reservoir Fluid Dynamics, 1.14 Casing and Cementing, 1.8 Formation Damage, 5.6.4 Drillstem/Well Testing, 5.1.1 Exploration, Development, Structural Geology, 2.4.5 Gravel pack design & evaluation, 3.2.4 Acidising, 3.2.3 Hydraulic Fracturing Design, Implementation and Optimisation, 5.5.8 History Matching, 1.6 Drilling Operations, 2.2.2 Perforating, 4.1.2 Separation and Treating
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During matrix acidizing stimulation jobs, the use of more acid does not mean more skin reduction during the treatment. The excessive acid volume serves only to dissolve and weaken the matrix rather than remove the damage. The optimum amount of acid needs to be determined in each matrix stimulation case. This is done by calculating the real time skin value which is used to estimate the optimum volume needed.
The acid volume and type used in matrix acidizing stimulation is usually based on the experience of the operator in the field. Trial-and-error or on-site injectivity measurements are used to optimize the acid volume. In order to limit trial-and-error exercises, a real-time on-site treatment evaluation method has been developed to assist the field engineer with a new real-time matrix volume estimation technique. History matching and curve fitting the early stages of the acidizing job, the method determines when the maximum damage removal is obtained and corresponding acid volume.
This work proposes the use of real-time matrix acidizing data in conjunction with real-time skin effect calculations to estimate the optimum acid volume to be used on-site. The results are compared with three acidizing field cases in the paper, but has been verified for sixteen (16) field cases. The method can be used for optimizing acid volume during matrix stimulation in progress and deciding when to stop pumping the acid.
The concept of skin effect has been used as a magnitude of near wellbore flow impairment. The total skin effect is a multi-component quantity including mechanical skin effects such as mud solid and filtrate invasion during drilling and cementing, formation debris during perforation, and fine migration during production. Actually, the skin effect accounts for any deviation from an ideal undamaged, open-hole, vertical well. "Damage" may be caused by a number of phenomena on which traditional acidizing has no effect. Some of these pseudo-damage phenomena are gravel-pack and partial perforation and penetration.
Matrix acidizing stimulation is a treatment intended to remove near-wellbore damage. The determination whether to and how much to stimulate a well and the type of acid treatment should depend on comprehensive pre, real-time, and/or post analysis with high emphasis on quality data gathering. Matrix acidizing job effectiveness can be assessed through real-time or post treatment evaluation of data collected during the acid treatment.
During the matrix acidizing treatment, fluids are injected into the well, causing a pressure response recorded at the wellhead.
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