Integrated Reservoir Characterization and Simulation to Optimize Recovery from a Mature Carboniferous North Sea Gas Field with Water Influx
- Peter-Jan Weijermans (Neptune Energy Netherlands B.V.) | Paul Huibregtse (Tellures Consult) | Rob Arts (Neptune Energy Netherlands B.V.) | Tjirk Benedictus (Neptune Energy Netherlands B.V.) | Mat De Jong (Neptune Energy Netherlands B.V.) | Wouter Hazebelt (Neptune Energy Netherlands B.V.) | Veronique Vernain-Perriot (Neptune Energy Netherlands B.V.) | Michiel Van der Most (Neptune Energy Netherlands B.V.)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Reservoir Characterisation and Simulation Conference and Exhibition, 17-19 September, Abu Dhabi, UAE
- Publication Date
- Document Type
- Conference Paper
- 2019. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- History matching, Facies modeling, Carboniferous gas field, Water influx, Southern North Sea
- 4 in the last 30 days
- 65 since 2007
- Show more detail
- View rights & permissions
|SPE Member Price:||USD 9.50|
|SPE Non-Member Price:||USD 28.00|
The E17a-A gas field, located offshore The Netherlands in the Southern North Sea, started production in 2009 from Upper Carboniferous sandstones, initially from three wells. Since early production history of the field, the p/z plot extrapolation has consistently shown an apparent Gas Initially In Place (GIIP) which was more than 50% higher than the volumetric GIIP mapped. The origin of the pressure support (e.g. aquifer support, much higher GIIP than mapped) and overall behavior of the field were poorly understood.
An integrated modeling study was carried out to better understand the dynamics of this complex field, evaluate infill potential and optimize recovery. An initial history matching attempt with a simulation model based on a legacy static model highlighted the limitations of existing interpretations in terms of in-place volumes and connectivity. The structural interpretation of the field was revisited and a novel facies modeling methodology was developed. 3D training images, constructed from reservoir analogue and outcrop data integrated with deterministic reservoir body mapping, allowed successful application of Multi Point Statistics techniques to generate plausible reservoir body geometry, dimensions and connectivity.
Following a series of static-dynamic iterations, a satisfying history match was achieved which matches observed reservoir pressure data, flowing wellhead pressure data, water influx trends in the wells and RFT pressure profiles of two more recent production wells. The new facies modeling methodology, using outcrop analogue data as deterministic input, and a revised seismic interpretation were key improvements to the static model. Apart from resolving the magnitude of GIIP and aquifer pressure support, the reservoir characterization and simulation study provided valuable insights into the overall dynamics of the field – e.g. crossflows between compartments, water encroachment patterns and vertical communication. Based on the model a promising infill target was identified at an up-dip location in the west of the field which looked favorable in terms of increasing production and optimizing recovery. At the time of writing, the new well has just been drilled. Preliminary logging results of the well will be briefly discussed and compared to pre-drill predictions based on the results of the integrated reservoir characterization and simulation study.
The new facies modeling methodology presented is in principle applicable to a number of Carboniferous gas fields in the Southern North Sea. Application of this method can lead to improved understanding and optimized recovery. In addition, this case study demonstrates how truly integrated reservoir characterization and simulation can lead to a revision of an existing view of a field, improve understanding and unlock hidden potential.
|File Size||2 MB||Number of Pages||25|
Aitken, J.F. and Flint S.S. 1994. High-frequency sequences and the nature of incised-valley fills in Fluvial systems of the Breahitt Group (Pennsylvanian), Appalachian Foreland Basin, Eastern Kentucky. Incised-valley Systems: Origin and Sedimentary Sequences, SEPM Special Publication No. 51Copyright &copy; 1994, SEPM (Society for Sedimentary Geology).
Besly. 1993. The late Carboniferous ‘Barren Red Bed’ play of the Silver Pit area, Southern North Sea. In: Parker, J.R. (ed.) Petroleum Geology of Northwest Europe: Proceedings of the 4th Conference. Geological Society, London, 727-740. https://doi.org/10.1144/0040727
Cameron, D..2005. Remaining hydrocarbon exploration potential of the Carboniferous fairway, UK southern North Sea. In: Collinson, J.D.,Evans, D.J.,Holliday, D.W. and Jones, N.S., (eds) Carboniferous hydrocarbon geology of the Southern North Sea and surrounding onshore areas. Occasional Publications, 7. Yorkshire Geological Society, 209-224.
Ehlamady, M. and Wattenberger, R.A. 2007. A straight-line p/z plot is possible in waterdrive gas reservoirs. Paper SPE 103258 presented at the SPE Rocky Mountain Oil and Gas Technology Symposium, Denver, Colorado, 16-18 April. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/103258-MS.
Greb, S.F.. 2008. Appalachian sedimentary cycles during the Pennsylvanian: changing influences of sea-level, climate and tectonics, in Fielding, C.R.,Frank, T.D., and Isbell, J.L., eds., Resolving the Late Paleozoic Ice Age in Time and Space: Geological Society of America, Special Paper441, 235-248.
Havlena, D. and Odeh, A. S. 1963. "The Material Balance as an Equation of a Straight Line," JPT (August 1963). 896. doi:10.2118/559-PA.
Havlena, D. and Odeh, A. S. 1964. "The Material Balance as an Equation of a Straight Line—Part II, Field Cases," JPT (July 1964) 815. doi:10.2118/869-PA.
Moscariello, A. 2003. The Schooner Field, Blocks 44/26a, 43/30a, UK North Sea. In: Gluyas, J.G. and Hitchens, H.M. (eds) United Kingdom Oil and Gas Fields, Commemorative Millennium Volume. Geological Society, London, Memoirs, 20, 811-824, https://doi.org/10.1144/GSL.MEM.2003.020.01.68
Schroot B.M. and De Haan, H.B. 2003. An improved regional structural model of the Upper Carboniferous of the Cleaver Bank High based on 3D seismic interpretation. In: Nieuwland, D.A. (ed) In: New Insights into Structural Interpretation and Modelling, Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 212, 23-37.