Application of Seismo-Dynamic Analysis to the Development of Oilfields Located in Tectonically Complex Structures
- Farit Salimov (Ufa Petroleum University) | Maxim Kotenev (Sasol, Ufa Petroleum University) | Artem Kotenev (Ufa Petroleum University)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, 30 September - 2 October, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
- Publication Date
- Document Type
- Conference Paper
- 2019. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- fracture density, production wells, increased permeability, seismic-dynamic analysis, Reservoir
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- 109 since 2007
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Zones of increased fracture density related to the tectonic disturbances and connected to the protrusions and recesses of the consolidated basement were identified with the application of seismo-dynamic analysis of the seismic data. This is done for the first time on Povkhovskoe oil field located in Western Siberia.
Daily and monthly rates of the producing wells in relation to their location within the geological structure were analyzed. The analysis showed a pattern of increased well productivity by more than 2 times when approaching the areas with high density of fractures. At a distance of more than 500 m from the tectonic disturbances the fluid inflow rates significantly decrease and the performance of hydraulic fracking provides only short-term effect. The deterioration of the reservoir properties is due to a decrease in the value of the reservoir rock permeability because of the decrease in the proportion of fractures and the predominance of the pore space. Reservoir type changes from fractured or fractured-porous reservoir type to porous-only type.
The dependence of high oil saturation of the productive formation from the presence of the tectonic disturbances was recorded. Exploitation of producing wells confirms the assumption of oil moving along the sub-vertical zones of destruction and contributing to the primary target Upper Jurrasic-1 reservoir. Drilling of sidetracks from low oil rate and high water saturation wells in the areas with increased fracture network identified by seismo-dynamic analysis showed a high efficiency of the operations leading to a high-rate production including a substantially lower water-cut oil production (up to 5% of water) at the site where the surrounding production wells have water-cut of 99-100%. Meanwhile, reservoir characteristics of the Upper Jurrasic-1 formation are identical. Based on the results of research identified were prospective deposits for the drilling of production wells on the edges of the hydrocarbon accumulation in areas with high fracture density and suggested were the borehole sidetracks of wells that are plugged and abandoned.
Thus, the detailed structural and tectonic structure of the basement surface and the Jurassic sediments allows to select complex, small-scale geological features, which will be very prospective for the detection of small oil deposits, to specify the location of exploration wells, to start the search for deposits in areas of sub-vertical degradation in the Middle and Lower Jurassic sediments, basement rocks in areas with overlying hydrocarbon deposits already in development. Identifying zones of high density fracturing, including those associated with horizontal shear zones, allows to adjust the contour outlines of the alleged existing deposits and to discover prospective areas with the increased permeability. Described zones and areas are likely to be located close to faults originating in the basement.
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