Hydrodynamics, Geothermics and Spatial Variations in Hydrocarbon Fluid Distribution within the Montney Formation, Alberta and British Columbia, Canada
- Allison Gibbs (Canadian Discovery Ltd.) | Kaush Rakhit (Canadian Discovery Ltd.)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, 30 September - 2 October, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
- Publication Date
- Document Type
- Conference Paper
- 2019. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- Temperature, Montney, Hydrodynamics, Pressure, Geothermics
- 11 in the last 30 days
- 215 since 2007
- Show more detail
- View rights & permissions
|SPE Member Price:||USD 9.50|
|SPE Non-Member Price:||USD 28.00|
Hydrodynamics and geothermics are important tools for understanding the complex distribution of reservoir fluids in the Montney Formation in Alberta and British Columbia, Canada. The Montney comprises a conventional system in the east and an unconventional, Deep Basin-style hydrocarbon system in the west, where an underpressured, oil-dominated fairway just west and downdip of the conventional system grades further downdip into overpressured liquids and gas fairways.
The first part of this study addresses how these systems can be mapped from a pressure and temperature perspective. The Montney hydrodynamics system is explained using pressure versus elevation graphs. Key contours are taken from pressure-depth ratio maps to define the general boundaries between systems, noting that these boundaries change with depth. Geothermal gradient mapping is used to identify areas of prominent high or low geothermal gradients, which can have a significant effect on the positioning of gas liquids fairways. Key current day isotherms are also identified to represent the current phase windows by relating present-day formation temperatures to Tmax data.
To evaluate how pressure and temperature affect liquids production within the Montney, liquids production trends need to be considered. The second half of the paper discusses how mapping gas composition, particularly C2+ Wet Gas Index (WGI), may serve as a good proxy for liquids yields.
While the authors appreciate the complexities of phase behavior and the various factors influencing liquids production, the objective of this paper is to link trends that can be observed in liquids production to trends in pressure, temperature and gas composition. Ultimately, this paper examines ways in which hydrodynamics and geothermics can be used to help predict spatial variations in observed liquids production. By analyzing the co-relationships of the pressure, temperature and WGI data, the Montney segregates into two distinct domains which we term the Northern (British Columbia) Play and the Southern (Alberta) Play. This analysis can be tied in with other data sets for a better understanding of the reservoir such as: isotope geochemistry to gain insights into hydrocarbon migration; Special Core Analysis (SCAL) data to gain insights into fluid mobility; vapour-liquid equilibrium data to examine hydrocarbon fractionation during production; and completions data to provide a more complete picture of reservoir deliverability.
|File Size||1 MB||Number of Pages||12|
Davies, G.R., Watson, N., Moslow, T.F. and MacEachern, J.A. 2018. Regional subdivisions, sequences, correlations and facies relationships of the Lower Triassic Montney Formation, west-central Alberta to northeastern British Columbia, Canada – with emphasis on role of paleostructure. Bulletin of Canadian Petroleum Geology, v 66, no 1: 23–92.
Burnie Sr., S.W., Maini, B., Palmer, B. R., and Rakhit, K. 2008. "Experimental and empirical observations supporting a capillary model involving gas generation, migration, and seal leakage for the origin and occurrence of regional gasifers", in Cumella, S. P., Shanley, K. W. and Camp, W. K. eds., "Understanding, exploring, and developing tight-gas sands", 2005 Vail Hedberg Conference: AAPG Hedberg Series, no. 3: 29–48.
Euzen, T., Chatellier, J.-Y., and Mort A. 2018. Geological Controls on Fluid Compositional Variations in Unconventional Hybrid Plays: Insight from Gas Geochemistry (Montney Play, Western Canada). Unconventional Resources Technology Conference (URTeC) DOI 10.15530/urtec-2018-2901653.
Proverbs, I.P., Bann, K.L., Fratton, C.M., Frostad, C.J. and Juska, A. 2018. Facies Architecture and Sequence Stratigraphy of the Lower Triassic Montney Formation, NE British Columbia: Fundamental Controls on the distribution of ‘swet spots’ in a world-class unconventional reservoir. Bulletin of Canadian Petroleum Geology, v 66, no 1: 237–258.
Sereda, R. and Fur, J. 2017. The Lower Montney Turbidite Complex of Northwest Alberta and Northeast British Columbia: Evolution of an Oil and Gas Play from Conventional to Unconventional. Unconventional Resources Technology Conference (URTeC) DOI 10.15530-urtec-2017-2674327.