Fracture Diagnostic Using Distributed Temperature Measurements During Stimulation Fluid Flow-Back
- Yilin Mao (Louisiana State University) | Mehdi Zeidouni (Louisiana State University) | Caroline Godefroy (Interpretive Software Products) | Michel Gysen (Interpretive Software Products)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Oklahoma City Oil and Gas Symposium, 9-10 April, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, USA
- Publication Date
- Document Type
- Conference Paper
- 2019. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 5 Reservoir Desciption & Dynamics, 2 Well completion, 2.2.2 Perforating, 3.3 Well & Reservoir Surveillance and Monitoring, 2.2 Installation and Completion Operations, 5.9 Non-Traditional Resources, 3.3.1 Production Logging, 3 Production and Well Operations, 5.9.2 Geothermal Resources, 2.1.3 Completion Equipment
- distributed temperature measurement, stimulation fluid flowback, hydraulic fracturing, fracture diagnostic
- 9 in the last 30 days
- 199 since 2007
- Show more detail
- View rights & permissions
|SPE Member Price:||USD 9.50|
|SPE Non-Member Price:||USD 28.00|
The significant temperature difference between the fractured and non-fractured regions during the stimulation fluid flow-back period can be very useful for fracture diagnosis. The recent developments in downhole temperature monitoring systems open new possibilities to detect these temperature variations to perform production logging analyses. In this work, we derive a novel analytical solution to model the temperature signal associated with the shut-in during flow-back and production periods. The temperature behavior can infer the efficiency of each fracture. To obtain the analytical solution from an existing wellbore fluid energy balance equation, we use the Method of Characteristics with the input of a relevant thermal boundary condition. The temperature modeling results acquired from this analytical solution are validated against those from a finite element model for multiple cases.
Compared to the warm-back effect in the non-fractured region after shut-in, a less significant heating effect is observed in the fractured region because of the warmer fluid away from the perforation moving into the fracture (after-flow). Detailed parametric analyses are conducted on after-flow velocity and its variation, flowing, geothermal, and inflow temperature of each fracture, surrounding temperature field, and casing radius to investigate their impacts on the wellbore fluid temperature modeling results.
The inversion procedures characterize each fracture considering the exponential distribution of temperature based on the analytical solutions in fractured and non-fractured regions. Inflow fluid temperature, surrounding temperature field, and after-flow velocity of each fracture can be estimated from the measured temperature data, which present decent accuracies analyzing synthetic temperature signal. The outputs of this work can contribute to production logging, warm-back, and wellbore storage analyses to achieve successful fracture diagnostic.
|File Size||2 MB||Number of Pages||22|
App, J. 2017. Permeability, Skin, and Inflow-Profile Estimation From Production-Logging-Tool Temperature Traces. Spe Journal 22 (4): 1123–1133. Doi 10.2118/174910-Pa.
Castro, Luis, Lee, Erik, Elliott, Christopher. 2016. Lessons Learned from the First Application of Fiber-Optic Monitoring and Cemented Coiled Tubing-Enabled Multistage Fracturing Sleeves for Real-Time Monitoring of Stimulation Treatments and Post-Frac Production. Proc., 10.2118/181670-MS.
Clarkson, C. R., Williams-Kovacs, J. D. 2013. Modeling Two-Phase Flowback of Multifractured Horizontal Wells Completed in Shale. Spe Journal 18 (4): 795–812. Doi 10.2118/162593-Pa.
COMSOL, AB. 2015. COMSOL Multiphysics Ver. 5.0. htpp://www.comsol.se.
Crafton, James W. 2008. Modeling Flowback Behavior or Flowback Equals "Slowback". Proc., SPE Shale Gas Production Conference, Fort Worth, Texas, USA, 10.2118/119894-MS.
Cui, J. Y., Yang, C. D., Zhu, D. et al. 2016. Fracture Diagnosis in Multiple-Stage-Stimulated Horizontal Well by Temperature Measurements With Fast Marching Method. Spe Journal 21(6): 2289–2300. Doi 10.2118/174880-Pa.
Cui, Jingyuan, Zhu, Ding, Jin, Minquan. 2015. Diagnosis of Production Performance After Multistage Fracture Stimulation in Horizontal Wells by Downhole Temperature Measurements. SPE Production & Operations. 10.2118/170874-pa.
Gysen, Alain, Gysen, Michel, Zett, Adrian. 2010. Production Logging in Highly Deviated and Horizontal Wells: Moving From Qualitative to Quantitative Answers. Proc., SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Florence, Italy, 10.2118/133479-MS.
Hannah, Robert R., Harrington, Larry J., Anderson, Robert W. 1977. Stimulation Design Applications Of A Technique To Locate Successive Fluid Segments In Fractures. Proc., 10.2118/6815-MS.
Harrington, Larry J., Hannah, Robert R., Robert, Beirute. 1978. Post Fracturing Temperature Recovery And Its Implication For Stimulation Design. Proc., 10.2118/7560-MS.
Hasan, A. R., Kabir, C. S. 1991. Heat Transfer During Two-Phase Flow in Wellbores; Part I--Formation Temperature. Proc., 10.2118/22866-MS.
Hasan, A. R., Kabir, C. S., Lin, D. 2005. Analytic wellbore-temperature model for transient gas-well testing. Spe Reservoir Evaluation & Engineering 8 (3): 240–247. Doi 10.2118/84288-Pa.
Hasan, A. R., Kabir, C. S., Wang, Xiaowei. 2013. Wellbore Two-Phase Flow and Heat Transfer During Transient Testing. SPE Journal 3 (02): 174–180. 10.2118/38946-pa.
Huckabee, Paul Thomas. 2009. Optic Fiber Distributed Temperature for Fracture Stimulation Diagnostics and Well Performance Evaluation. Proc., 10.2118/118831-MS.
Izgec, B., Cribbs, M. E., Pace, S. V.. 2009. Placement of Permanent Downhole-Pressure Sensors in Reservoir Surveillance. Spe Production & Operations 24 (1): 87–95. Doi 10.2118/107268-Pa.
Jacobs, Trent. 2016. Improving Shale Production Through Flowback Analysis. Journal of Petroleum Technology 67 (12): 37–42. 10.2118/1215-0037-jpt.
Jin, Ge, Roy, Baishali. 2017. Hydraulic-fracture geometry characterization using low-frequency DAS signal. The Leading Edge 36 (12): 975–980. 10.1190/fie36120975.1.
Kabir, C. S., Hasan, A. R., Kouba, G. E.. 1996. Determining circulating fluid temperature in drilling, workover, and well-control operations. Spe Drilling & Completion 11(2): 74–79. 10.2118/24581-PA.
Kabir, C. S., Hasan, A. R., Lin, D.. 2002. Heat-transfer models for mitigating wellbore solids deposition. Spe Journal 7 (4): 391–399. 10.2118/81368-PA.
Li, Xinyang, Zhu, Ding. 2017. Temperature Behavior During Multistage Fracture Treatments in Horizontal Wells. SPE Production & Operations. 10.2118/181876-pa.
Mao, Y. L., Zeidouni, M. 2018a. Temperature transient analysis for bounded oil reservoir under depletion drive. International Journal of Thermal Sciences 130: 457–470. 10.1016/j.ijthermalsci.2018.05.011.
Mao, Y., Zeidouni, M., Askari, R. 2017. Effect of leakage pathway flow properties on thermal signal associated with the leakage from CO2 storage zone. Greenhouse Gases-Science and Technology 7 (3): 512–529. 10.1002/ghg.1658.
Mao, Y., Zeidouni, M., Duncan, I. 2017. Temperature analysis for early detection and rate estimation of CO2 wellbore leakage. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 67: 20–30. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijggc.2017.09.021.
Mao, Yilin, Zeidouni, Mehdi. 2018b. Accounting for Fluid-Property Variations in Temperature-Transient Analysis. SPE Journal 23 (3): 868–884. SPE-187465-PA. 10.2118/187465-PA.
Mao, Yilin, Zeidouni, Mehdi. 2019. Dynamic Temperature Analysis under Variable Rate and Pressure Conditions for Transient and Boundary Dominated Flow. Transport in Porous Media. 10.1007/s11242-019-01234-w.
Maxwell, S. C., Rutledge, J., Jones, R.. 2010. Petroleum reservoir characterization using downhole microseismic monitoring. Geophysics 75 (5): A129–A137. 10.1190/1.3477966.
Nojabaei, B., Hasan, A. R., Kabir, C. S. 2014. Modelling Wellbore Transient Fluid Temperature and Pressure During Diagnostic Fracture-Injection Testing in Unconventional Reservoirs. Journal of Canadian Petroleum Technology 53 (3): 161–167. Doi 10.2118/166120-Pa.
Ribeiro, Priscila M., Horne, Roland N. 2016. Detecting Fracture Growth Out of Zone by Use of Temperature Analysis. SPE Journal. 10.2118/170746-pa.
Seth, Gaurav, Reynolds, Albert Coburn, Mahadevan, Jagannathan. 2010. Numerical Model for Interpretation of Distributed-Temperature-Sensor Data During Hydraulic Fracturing. Proc., 10.2118/135603-MS.
Sierra, Jose R., Kaura, Jiten D., Gualtieri, Dan. 2008. DTS Monitoring of Hydraulic Fracturing: Experiences and Lessons Learned. Proc., 10.2118/116182-MS.
Spindler, R. 2011. Analytical Models for Wellbore-Temperature Distribution. Spe Journal 16 (1): 125–133. 10.2118/140135-Pa.
Sun, He, Yu, Wei, Sepehrnoori, Kamy. 2017. A New Comprehensive Numerical Model for Fracture Diagnosis with Distributed Temperature Sensing DTS. Proc., 10.2118/187097-MS.
Tabatabaei, M., Zhu, D. 2012. Fracture-Stimulation Diagnostics in Horizontal Wells Through Use of Distributed-Temperature-Sensing Technology. Spe Production & Operations 27 (4): 356–362. 10.2118/148835-PA.
Ugueto, Gustavo A., Huckabee, Paul T., Reynolds, Alan. 2018. Hydraulic Fracture Placement Assessment in a Fiber Optic Compatible Coiled Tubing Activated Cemented Single Point Entry System. Proc., 10.2118/189842-MS.
Wilson, Adam. 2016. Chemical Analysis of Flowback Water and Downhole Gas-Shale Samples. Journal of Petroleum Technology 68 (09): 114–115. 10.2118/0916-0114-jpt.
Wisian, K. W., Blackwell, D. D., Bellani, S.. 1998. Field comparison of conventional and new technology temperature logging systems. Geothermics 27 (2): 131–141. Doi 10.1016/S0375-6505(97)10013-X.
Wu, X. R., Xu, B. Y., Ling, K. G. 2015. A semi-analytical solution to the transient temperature behavior along the vertical wellbore after well shut-in. Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering 131: 122–130. 10.1016/j.petro1.2015.04.034.
Xu, Yanmin, Ezulike, Obinna Daniel, Zolfaghari, Ashkan. 2016. Complementary Surveillance Microseismic and Flowback Data Analysis: An Approach to Evaluate Complex Fracture Networks. Proc., SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Dubai, UAE, 10.2118/181693-MS.
Yoshida, N., Zhu, D., Hill, A. D. 2014. Temperature-Prediction Model for a Horizontal Well With Multiple Fractures in a Shale Reservoir. Spe Production & Operations 29 (4): 261–273. 10.2118/166241-PA.
Zhang, Shuang, Zhu, Ding. 2017. Inversion of Downhole Temperature Measurements in Multistage Fracture Stimulation in Horizontal Wells. Proc., 10.2118/187322-MS.