Industry's First PDC Bit Gauge Design for Improved Tracking In North American Horizontal Wells
- Reed Spencer (Baker Hughes, a GE company) | Bradley D. Pierce (Baker Hughes, a GE company) | Robert E. Grimes (Baker Hughes, a GE company)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE/IADC International Drilling Conference and Exhibition, 5-7 March, The Hague, The Netherlands
- Publication Date
- Document Type
- Conference Paper
- 2019. SPE/IADC Drilling Conference and Exhibition
- 1.6.6 Directional Drilling, 1.5 drill Bits, 1.6 Drilling Operations, 1.10.2 Directional Drilling Systems and Equipment, 1.10 Drilling Equipment, 1.5 drill Bits
- directional drilling, horizontal drilling, PDC bit, tortuosity, tracking
- 18 in the last 30 days
- 233 since 2007
- Show more detail
- View rights & permissions
|SPE Member Price:||USD 9.50|
|SPE Non-Member Price:||USD 28.00|
PDC bit gauge pad design parameters are well understood for providing the desired build up rate (BUR), but these designs provide minimal value in the horizontal section. Outside forces, such as bit walk and formation push, can cause deviations in inclination and azimuth. Trajectory corrections on both motor and RSS assemblies can significantly slow the drilling process and result in more tortuous wellbores. Thus, a PDC gauge pad design that provides minimal side cutting at low side loads, while achieving typical BUR at higher side loads should result in a PDC bit that tracks better with fewer unintended deviations and resulting trajectory corrections for improved overall drilling efficiency.
Prototype bits were developed with a tracking gauge pad design. Laboratory tests demonstrated the desired side cutting response at various side loads. Field tests are being conducted across the U.S. on pad wells offering direct comparisons to offsets using conventional PDC bits.
This paper presents the tracking gauge pad design concept, laboratory test results, and field performance improvements. Results show reduced trajectory deviations and dogleg severity, improving overall section ROP and hole quality.
Until now, the role of PDC bits has focused primarily on achieving the intended BUR and instantaneous ROP, leaving tracking performance solely to the drilling system. The tracking PDC gauge design concept breaks this paradigm by providing a PDC bit that tracks better than conventional bits for significant gains in directional drilling efficiency.
|File Size||1 MB||Number of Pages||17|
Chen, D. C-K., Gaynor, T., Comeaux, B., and Glass, K. 2002. Hole Quality: Gateway to Efficient Drilling. Presented at the Offshore Technology Conference, Houston, Texas, USA, 6-9 May, 2002. OTC-14277-MS. https://doi.org/10.4043/14277-MS.
Menand, S., Sellami, H., and Simon, C. 2003. PDC Bit Classification According to Steerability. Presented at the SPE/IADC Drilling Conference, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 16-19 February. SPE-87837-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/119625-PA.
Pastusek, P., Cooley, C., Sinor, L.. 1992. Directional and Stability Characteristics of Anti-Whirl Bits With Non-Axisymmetric Loading. Presented at the SPE ATCE, Washington, DC, 4-7 October. SPE-24614-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/24614-MS.
Norris, J., Dykstra, M., Beuershausen, C. C.. 1998. Development and Successful Application of Unique Steerable PDC Bits. Presented at the IADC/SPE Drilling Conference, Dallas, Texas, USA, 3–6 March. SPE-39308-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/39308-MS.
Al-Suwaidi, A., Soliman, A., Klink, Z.. 2003. New PDC Technology Saves Operator $4.7 Million Drilling Challenging 8-1/2-in. Directional Hole Section. Presented at the Middle East Oil Show & Conference, Bahrain, 5–8 April. SPE-81411-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/81411-MS.
Mensa-Wilmot, G., James, B., Aggarwal, L., and Van Luu, H., 2006. Gage Design – Effects of Gage Pad Length, Geometry and Activity (Side Cutting) on PDC Bit Stability, Steerability, and Borehole Quality in Rotary Steerable Drilling Applications. Presented at the IADC/SPE Drilling Conference in Miami, Florida, USA, 21-23 February. IADC/SPE-98931-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/98931-MS.
Barton, S., May, H., and Johnson, S. 2007. Gauge, Cutting Structure, Torque Control Components—What Really Counts for Optimal Toolface Control With FC Bits? Presented at the Rocky Mountain Oil & Gas Technology Symposium, Denver, USA, 16–21 April. SPE-107289-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/107289-MS.
Barton, S., Garcia, A., Pogliano, P.. 2009. Drilling Cost Reduction Through Use of Torque Controlling Features on Steerable Drill Bits Within Latin America. Presented at the SPE Latin American and Caribbean Petroleum Engineering Conference. Cartagena, Colombia, 31 May–3 June. SPE-121853-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/121853-MS.
Brown, R. and Meckfessel, B. 2010. Improving Marcellus Shale Performance Using PDC Bits With Optimized Torque Management Technology, Cutting Structure Aggressiveness and Unique Roller Cone Steel Tooth Cutting Structures. Presented at the SPE Eastern Regional Meeting, Morgantown, West Virginia, USA, 12–14 October. SPE-139102-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/139102-MS.
Liu, X., 2008. New Techniques Accurately Model and Plan 3D Well Paths Based on Formation's Deflecting Behaviors. Presented at the IADC/SPE Asia Pacific Drilling Technology Conference, Jakarta, Indonesia, 25-27August. SPE-115024-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/115024-MS.
Ledgerwood, L., Spencer, R., Matthews, O., Bomidi, J., Mendoza, J., and Hanson, J., 2016. The Effect of Bit Type on Reactive Torque and Consequent Tool-Face-Control Anomalies. Presented at the SPE ATCE, Houston, Texas, USA, 28-30September. SPE-174949-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/174949-MS.
Maidla, E. and Marc, H. 2004. Understanding Torque: The Key to Slide-Drilling Directional Wells. Presented at the IADC/SPE Drilling Conference, Dallas, Texas, USA, 2–4 March. SPE-87162-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/87162-MS.
Maidla, E., Haci, M., Jones, S.. 2005. Field Proof of the New Sliding Technology for Directional Drilling. Presented at the SPE/IADC Drilling Conference, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 23–25 Feburary. SPE-92558-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/92558-MS.