Innovative Acidizing Solutions for Severely Damaged Clay-Rich Sandstone Reservoir with Gravel Pack Completions in Offshore Myanmar
- DongKyoon Kim (POSCO-International Corporation) | Youngwoo Bae (POSCO-International Corporation) | Hai Liu (Schlumberger)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE International Conference on Oilfield Chemistry, 8-9 April, Galveston, Texas, USA
- Publication Date
- Document Type
- Conference Paper
- 2019. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 5 Reservoir Desciption & Dynamics, 2.1.3 Completion Equipment, 2 Well completion, 4.1 Processing Systems and Design, 7.2.1 Risk, Uncertainty and Risk Assessment, 5.1 Reservoir Characterisation, 2.2 Installation and Completion Operations, 2.4.3 Gravel pack design & evaluation, 7.2 Risk Management and Decision-Making, 5.1.5 Geologic Modeling, 3.3 Well & Reservoir Surveillance and Monitoring, 4 Facilities Design, Construction and Operation, 2.6 Acidizing, 5.1.1 Exploration, Development, Structural Geology, 1.8 Formation Damage, 7 Management and Information, 2.4 Sand Control, 3.3.1 Production Logging, 3 Production and Well Operations, 4.1.2 Separation and Treating
- Sandstone stimulation, acidization, formation damage, skin, history matching
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Acid stimulation in sandstone reservoirs containing significant amount of clays can end up with undesired results due to unexpected reactions between stimulation fluids and formation clays. This paper demonstrates how heavily damaged clay-rich sandstone reservoir completed with cased hole gravel pack (CHGP) in offshore Myanmar can be successfully established for commercial production with organic clay acid stimulation treatment. The formation is laminated dirty sand with very high clay content (up to 30%) and large gross height (>100m MD). Production logging results showed only a small portion of perforated intervals contributing to production. Thus, an appropriate stimulation treatment is required to unlock well potential and prevent screen failures from concentrated flow through a small interval.
Given high clay content as well as presence of acid sensitive clays, conventional treatments using HCl as preflush and hydrofluoric (HF) acids as main fluids would result in potential damages from secondary and tertiary reactions. Furthermore, undissolved clays in the critical matrix left over from the treatment would potentially migrate and plug the pore throat. The new acid system was designed to generate small amount of HF in-situ (∼0.1%) at any given time with total strength of 1% HF, which would greatly minimize second and tertiary reactions and also permits acids travel deeper into the formation. Furthermore, the reaction products would react with the clays and physically "welding" the undissolved clays to the surface of the pore spaces permanently and prevent them from migration.
The treatment was designed in three stages: 1) screen and gravel pack cleanup using coiled tubing (CT) jetting; 2) injectivity test; 3) main treatment consisting of acetic acids as preflush, and new acid system as main fluids followed by overflush. A newly designed linear gel containing relative permeability modifier was used for diversions. Two underperforming CHGP wells were treated, and both wells yielded 100% increase in productivity with no fine production observed at the surface.
The success of the campaign owes to the sophisticated engineering workflow which starts from diagnostic of the damage zone and root-cause of the formation damage, followed by detailed analysis of various skin components using radial numerical reservoir modeling for all the reservoir layers that led to a proper treatment strategy and fluid design based on the damage and formation mineralogy as well as comprehensive laboratory tests. This has helped to minimize the risk of the treatment and eventually unlocked the production from the heavily damaged sandstone reservoir.
|File Size||2 MB||Number of Pages||25|